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A039599 Triangle formed from even-numbered columns of triangle of expansions of powers of x in terms of Chebyshev polynomials U_n(x). 133
1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 1, 5, 9, 5, 1, 14, 28, 20, 7, 1, 42, 90, 75, 35, 9, 1, 132, 297, 275, 154, 54, 11, 1, 429, 1001, 1001, 637, 273, 77, 13, 1, 1430, 3432, 3640, 2548, 1260, 440, 104, 15, 1, 4862, 11934, 13260, 9996, 5508, 2244, 663, 135, 17, 1 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,4
COMMENTS
T(n,k) is the number of lattice paths from (0,0) to (n,n) with steps E = (1,0) and N = (0,1) which touch but do not cross the line x - y = k and only situated above this line; example: T(3,2) = 5 because we have EENNNE, EENNEN, EENENN, ENEENN, NEEENN. - Philippe Deléham, May 23 2005
The matrix inverse of this triangle is the triangular matrix T(n,k) = (-1)^(n+k)* A085478(n,k). - Philippe Deléham, May 26 2005
Essentially the same as A050155 except with a leading diagonal A000108 (Catalan numbers) 1, 1, 2, 5, 14, 42, 132, 429, .... - Philippe Deléham, May 31 2005
Number of Grand Dyck paths of semilength n and having k downward returns to the x-axis. (A Grand Dyck path of semilength n is a path in the half-plane x>=0, starting at (0,0), ending at (2n,0) and consisting of steps u=(1,1) and d=(1,-1)). Example: T(3,2)=5 because we have u(d)uud(d),uud(d)u(d),u(d)u(d)du,u(d)duu(d) and duu(d)u(d) (the downward returns to the x-axis are shown between parentheses). - Emeric Deutsch, May 06 2006
Riordan array (c(x),x*c(x)^2) where c(x) is the g.f. of A000108; inverse array is (1/(1+x),x/(1+x)^2). - Philippe Deléham, Feb 12 2007
The triangle may also be generated from M^n*[1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,...], where M is the infinite tridiagonal matrix with all 1's in the super and subdiagonals and [1,2,2,2,2,2,2,...] in the main diagonal. - Philippe Deléham, Feb 26 2007
Inverse binomial matrix applied to A124733. Binomial matrix applied to A089942. - Philippe Deléham, Feb 26 2007
Number of standard tableaux of shape (n+k,n-k). - Philippe Deléham, Mar 22 2007
From Philippe Deléham, Mar 30 2007: (Start)
This triangle belongs to the family of triangles defined by: T(0,0)=1, T(n,k)=0 if k<0 or if k>n, T(n,0)=x*T(n-1,0)+T(n-1,1), T(n,k)=T(n-1,k-1)+y*T(n-1,k)+T(n-1,k+1) for k>=1. Other triangles arise by choosing different values for (x,y):
(0,0) -> A053121; (0,1) -> A089942; (0,2) -> A126093; (0,3) -> A126970
(1,0) -> A061554; (1,1) -> A064189; (1,2) -> A039599; (1,3) -> A110877;
(1,4) -> A124576; (2,0) -> A126075; (2,1) -> A038622; (2,2) -> A039598;
(2,3) -> A124733; (2,4) -> A124575; (3,0) -> A126953; (3,1) -> A126954;
(3,2) -> A111418; (3,3) -> A091965; (3,4) -> A124574; (4,3) -> A126791;
(4,4) -> A052179; (4,5) -> A126331; (5,5) -> A125906. (End)
The table U(n,k) = Sum_{j=0..n} T(n,j)*k^j is given in A098474. - Philippe Deléham, Mar 29 2007
Sequence read mod 2 gives A127872. - Philippe Deléham, Apr 12 2007
Number of 2n step walks from (0,0) to (2n,2k) and consisting of step u=(1,1) and d=(1,-1) and the path stays in the nonnegative quadrant. Example: T(3,0)=5 because we have uuuddd, uududd, ududud, uduudd, uuddud; T(3,1)=9 because we have uuuudd, uuuddu, uuudud, ududuu, uuduud, uduudu, uudduu, uduuud, uududu; T(3,2)=5 because we have uuuuud, uuuudu, uuuduu, uuduuu, uduuuu; T(3,3)=1 because we have uuuuuu. - Philippe Deléham, Apr 16 2007, Apr 17 2007, Apr 18 2007
Triangular matrix, read by rows, equal to the matrix inverse of triangle A129818. - Philippe Deléham, Jun 19 2007
Let Sum_{n>=0} a(n)*x^n = (1+x)/(1-mx+x^2) = o.g.f. of A_m, then Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*a(k) = (m+2)^n. Related expansions of A_m are: A099493, A033999, A057078, A057077, A057079, A005408, A002878, A001834, A030221, A002315, A033890, A057080, A057081, A054320, A097783, A077416, A126866, A028230, A161591, for m=-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15, respectively. - Philippe Deléham, Nov 16 2009
The Kn11, Kn12, Fi1 and Fi2 triangle sums link the triangle given above with three sequences; see the crossrefs. For the definitions of these triangle sums, see A180662. - Johannes W. Meijer, Apr 20 2011
4^n = (n-th row terms) dot (first n+1 odd integer terms). Example: 4^4 = 256 = (14, 28, 20, 7, 1) dot (1, 3, 5, 7, 9) = (14 + 84 + 100 + 49 + 9) = 256. - Gary W. Adamson, Jun 13 2011
The linear system of n equations with coefficients defined by the first n rows solve for diagonal lengths of regular polygons with N= 2n+1 edges; the constants c^0, c^1, c^2, ... are on the right hand side, where c = 2 + 2*cos(2*Pi/N). Example: take the first 4 rows relating to the 9-gon (nonagon), N = 2*4 + 1; with c = 2 + 2*cos(2*Pi/9) = 3.5320888.... The equations are (1,0,0,0) = 1; (1,1,0,0) = c; (2,3,1,0) = c^2; (5,9,5,1) = c^3. The solutions are 1, 2.53208..., 2.87938..., and 1.87938...; the four distinct diagonal lengths of the 9-gon (nonagon) with edge = 1. (Cf. comment in A089942 which uses the analogous operations but with c = 1 + 2*cos(2*Pi/9).) - Gary W. Adamson, Sep 21 2011
Also called the Lobb numbers, after Andrew Lobb, are a natural generalization of the Catalan numbers, given by L(m,n)=(2m+1)*Binomial(2n,m+n)/(m+n+1), where n >= m >= 0. For m=0, we get the n-th Catalan number. See added reference. - Jayanta Basu, Apr 30 2013
From Wolfdieter Lang, Sep 20 2013: (Start)
T(n, k) = A053121(2*n, 2*k). T(n, k) appears in the formula for the (2*n)-th power of the algebraic number rho(N):= 2*cos(Pi/N) = R(N, 2) in terms of the odd-indexed diagonal/side length ratios R(N, 2*k+1) = S(2*k, rho(N)) in the regular N-gon inscribed in the unit circle (length unit 1). S(n, x) are Chebyshev's S polynomials (see A049310):
rho(N)^(2*n) = Sum_{k=0..n} T(n, k)*R(N, 2*k+1), n >= 0, identical in N > = 1. For a proof see the Sep 21 2013 comment under A053121. Note that this is the unreduced version if R(N, j) with j > delta(N), the degree of the algebraic number rho(N) (see A055034), appears.
For the odd powers of rho(n) see A039598. (End)
Unsigned coefficients of polynomial numerators of Eqn. 2.1 of the Chakravarty and Kodama paper, defining the polynomials of A067311. - Tom Copeland, May 26 2016
The triangle is the Riordan square of the Catalan numbers in the sense of A321620. - Peter Luschny, Feb 14 2023
REFERENCES
M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards Applied Math. Series 55, 1964 (and various reprintings), p. 796.
T. Myers and L. Shapiro, Some applications of the sequence 1, 5, 22, 93, 386, ... to Dyck paths and ordered trees, Congressus Numerant., 204 (2010), 93-104.
LINKS
M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards, Applied Math. Series 55, Tenth Printing, 1972 [alternative scanned copy].
Quang T. Bach and Jeffrey B. Remmel, Generating functions for descents over permutations which avoid sets of consecutive patterns, arXiv:1510.04319 [math.CO], 2015 (see p.25).
M. Barnabei, F. Bonetti and M. Silimbani, Two permutation classes enumerated by the central binomial coefficients, arXiv preprint arXiv:1301.1790 [math.CO], 2013 and J. Int. Seq. 16 (2013) #13.3.8
Paul Barry, A Catalan Transform and Related Transformations on Integer Sequences, Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 8 (2005), Article 05.4.5.
Paul Barry and A. Hennessy, The Euler-Seidel Matrix, Hankel Matrices and Moment Sequences, J. Int. Seq. 13 (2010), Article 10.8.2, example 15.
Paul Barry, On the Hurwitz Transform of Sequences, Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 15 (2012), #12.8.7.
Paul Barry, On a Central Transform of Integer Sequences, arXiv:2004.04577 [math.CO], 2020.
Jonathan E. Beagley and Paul Drube, Combinatorics of Tableau Inversions, Electron. J. Combin., 22 (2015), #P2.44.
S. Chakravarty and Y. Kodama, A generating function for the N-soliton solutions of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili II equation, arXiv preprint arXiv:0802.0524v2 [nlin.SI], 2008.
Wun-Seng Chou, Tian-Xiao He, and Peter J.-S. Shiue, On the Primality of the Generalized Fuss-Catalan Numbers, J. Int. Seqs., Vol. 21 (2018), #18.2.1.
Johann Cigler, Some elementary observations on Narayana polynomials and related topics, arXiv:1611.05252 [math.CO], 2016. See p. 11.
Paul Drube, Generalized Path Pairs and Fuss-Catalan Triangles, arXiv:2007.01892 [math.CO], 2020. See Figure 4 p. 8.
T.-X. He and L. W. Shapiro, Fuss-Catalan matrices, their weighted sums, and stabilizer subgroups of the Riordan group, Lin. Alg. Applic. 532 (2017) 25-41, example p 32.
Aoife Hennessy, A Study of Riordan Arrays with Applications to Continued Fractions, Orthogonal Polynomials and Lattice Paths, Ph. D. Thesis, Waterford Institute of Technology, Oct. 2011.
Thomas Koshy, Lobb's generalization of Catalan's parenthesization problem, The College Mathematics Journal 40 (2), March 2009, 99-107, DOI:10.1080/07468342.2009.11922344.
Huyile Liang, Jeffrey Remmel, and Sainan Zheng, Stieltjes moment sequences of polynomials, arXiv:1710.05795 [math.CO], 2017, see page 11.
Andrew Lobb, Deriving the n-th Catalan number, Mathematical Gazette, Vol. 83, No. 496 (March 1999), 109-110.
Donatella Merlini and Renzo Sprugnoli, Arithmetic into geometric progressions through Riordan arrays, Discrete Mathematics 340.2 (2017): 160-174. See page 161.
Pedro J. Miana, Hideyuki Ohtsuka, and Natalia Romero, Sums of powers of Catalan triangle numbers, arXiv:1602.04347 [math.NT], 2016 (see 2.8).
A. Papoulis, A new method of inversion of the Laplace transform, Quart. Appl. Math 14 (1957), 405-414. [Annotated scan of selected pages]
Athanasios Papoulis, A new method of inversion of the Laplace transform, Quart. Appl. Math., Vol. 14, No. 4 (1957), 405-414: 124. [Note: there is a typo]
Yidong Sun and Fei Ma, Some new binomial sums related to the Catalan triangle, Electronic Journal of Combinatorics 21(1) (2014), #P1.33
Yidong Sun and Fei Ma, Four transformations on the Catalan triangle, arXiv preprint arXiv:1305.2017 [math.CO], 2013.
Sun, Yidong; Ma, Luping Minors of a class of Riordan arrays related to weighted partial Motzkin paths. Eur. J. Comb. 39, 157-169 (2014), Table 2.2.
Wikipedia, Lobb number
W.-J. Woan, L. Shapiro and D. G. Rogers, The Catalan numbers, the Lebesgue integral and 4^{n-2}, Amer. Math. Monthly, 104 (1997), 926-931.
Sheng-Liang Yang, Yan-Ni Dong, and Tian-Xiao He, Some matrix identities on colored Motzkin paths, Discrete Mathematics 340.12 (2017), 3081-3091.
FORMULA
T(n,k) = C(2*n-1, n-k) - C(2*n-1, n-k-2), n >= 1, T(0,0) = 1.
From Emeric Deutsch, May 06 2006: (Start)
T(n,k) = (2*k+1)*binomial(2*n,n-k)/(n+k+1).
G.f.: G(t,z)=1/(1-(1+t)*z*C), where C=(1-sqrt(1-4*z))/(2*z) is the Catalan function. (End)
The following formulas were added by Philippe Deléham during 2003 to 2009: (Start)
Triangle T(n, k) read by rows; given by A000012 DELTA A000007, where DELTA is Deléham's operator defined in A084938.
T(n, k) = C(2*n, n-k)*(2*k+1)/(n+k+1). Sum(k>=0; T(n, k)*T(m, k) = A000108(n+m)); A000108: numbers of Catalan.
T(n, 0) = A000108(n); T(n, k) = 0 if k>n; for k>0, T(n, k) = Sum_{j=1..n} T(n-j, k-1)*A000108(j).
T(n, k) = A009766(n+k, n-k) = A033184(n+k+1, 2k+1).
G.f. for column k: Sum_{n>=0} T(n, k)*x^n = x^k*C(x)^(2*k+1) where C(x) = Sum_{n>=0} A000108(n)*x^n is g.f. for Catalan numbers, A000108.
T(0, 0) = 1, T(n, k) = 0 if n<0 or n<k; T(n, 0) = T(n-1, 0) + T(n-1, 1); for k>=1, T(n, k) = T(n-1, k-1) + 2*T(n-1, k) + T(n-1, k+1).
a(n) + a(n+1) = 1 + A000108(m+1) if n = m*(m+3)/2; a(n) + a(n+1) = A039598(n) otherwise.
T(n, k) = A050165(n, n-k).
Sum_{j>=0} T(n-k, j)*A039598(k, j) = A028364(n, k).
Matrix inverse of the triangle T(n, k) = (-1)^(n+k)*binomial(n+k, 2*k) = (-1)^(n+k)*A085478(n, k).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n, k)*x^k = A000108(n), A000984(n), A007854(n), A076035(n), A076036(n) for x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4.
Sum_{k=0..n} (2*k+1)*T(n, k) = 4^n.
T(n, k)*(-2)^(n-k) = A114193(n, k).
Sum_{k>=h} T(n,k) = binomial(2n,n-h).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*5^k = A127628(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*7^k = A115970(n).
T(n,k) = Sum_{j=0..n-k} A106566(n+k,2*k+j).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*6^k = A126694(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A000108(k) = A007852(n+1).
Sum_{k=0..floor(n/2)} T(n-k,k) = A000958(n+1).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*(-1)^k = A000007(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*(-2)^k = (-1)^n*A064310(n).
T(2*n,n) = A126596(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*(-x)^k = A000007(n), A126983(n), A126984(n), A126982(n), A126986(n), A126987(n), A127017(n), A127016(n), A126985(n), A127053(n) for x=1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 respectively.
Sum_{j>=0} T(n,j)*binomial(j,k) = A116395(n,k).
T(n,k) = Sum_{j>=0} A106566(n,j)*binomial(j,k).
T(n,k) = Sum_{j>=0} A127543(n,j)*A038207(j,k).
Sum_{k=0..floor(n/2)} T(n-k,k)*A000108(k) = A101490(n+1).
T(n,k) = A053121(2*n,2*k).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*sin((2*k+1)*x) = sin(x)*(2*cos(x))^(2*n).
T(n,n-k) = Sum_{j>=0} (-1)^(n-j)*A094385(n,j)*binomial(j,k).
Sum_{j>=0} A110506(n,j)*binomial(j,k) = Sum_{j>=0} A110510(n,j)*A038207(j,k) = T(n,k)*2^(n-k).
Sum_{j>=0} A110518(n,j)*A027465(j,k) = Sum_{j>=0} A110519(n,j)*A038207(j,k) = T(n,k)*3^(n-k).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A001045(k) = A049027(n), for n>=1.
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*a(k) = (m+2)^n if Sum_{k>=0} a(k)*x^k = (1+x)/(x^2-m*x+1).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A040000(k) = A001700(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A122553(k) = A051924(n+1).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A123932(k) = A051944(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*k^2 = A000531(n), for n>=1.
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A000217(k) = A002457(n-1), for n>=1.
Sum{j>=0} binomial(n,j)*T(j,k)= A124733(n,k).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*x^(n-k) = A000012(n), A000984(n), A089022(n), A035610(n), A130976(n), A130977(n), A130978(n), A130979(n), A130980(n), A131521(n) for x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 respectively.
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A005043(k) = A127632(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A132262(k) = A089022(n).
T(n,k) + T(n,k+1) = A039598(n,k).
T(n,k) = A128899(n,k)+A128899(n,k+1).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A015518(k) = A076025(n), for n>=1. Also Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A015521(k) = A076026(n), for n>=1.
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*(-1)^k*x^(n-k) = A033999(n), A000007(n), A064062(n), A110520(n), A132863(n), A132864(n), A132865(n), A132866(n), A132867(n), A132869(n), A132897(n) for x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 respectively.
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*(-1)^(k+1)*A000045(k) = A109262(n), A000045:= Fibonacci numbers.
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A000035(k)*A016116(k) = A143464(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A016116(k) = A101850(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A010684(k) = A100320(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A000034(k) = A029651(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A010686(k) = A144706(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A006130(k-1) = A143646(n), with A006130(-1)=0.
T(n,2*k)+T(n,2*k+1) = A118919(n,k).
Sum_{k=0..j} T(n,k) = A050157(n,j).
Sum_{k=0..2} T(n,k) = A026012(n); Sum_{k=0..3} T(n,k)=A026029(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A000045(k+2) = A026671(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A000045(k+1) = A026726(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A057078(k) = A000012(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A108411(k) = A155084(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A057077(k) = 2^n = A000079(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A057079(k) = 3^n = A000244(n).
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*(-1)^k*A011782(k) = A000957(n+1).
(End)
T(n,k) = Sum_{j=0..k} binomial(k+j,2j)*(-1)^(k-j)*A000108(n+j). - Paul Barry, Feb 17 2011
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*A071679(k+1) = A026674(n+1). - Philippe Deléham, Feb 01 2014
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*(2*k+1)^2 = (4*n+1)*binomial(2*n,n). - Werner Schulte, Jul 22 2015
Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*(2*k+1)^3 = (6*n+1)*4^n. - Werner Schulte, Jul 22 2015
Sum_{k=0..n} (-1)^k*T(n,k)*(2*k+1)^(2*m) = 0 for 0 <= m < n (see also A160562). - Werner Schulte, Dec 03 2015
T(n,k) = GegenbauerC(n-k,-n+1,-1) - GegenbauerC(n-k-1,-n+1,-1). - Peter Luschny, May 13 2016
T(n,n-2) = A014107(n). - R. J. Mathar, Jan 30 2019
T(n,n-3) = n*(2*n-1)*(2*n-5)/3. - R. J. Mathar, Jan 30 2019
T(n,n-4) = n*(n-1)*(2*n-1)*(2*n-7)/6. - R. J. Mathar, Jan 30 2019
T(n,n-5) = n*(n-1)*(2*n-1)*(2*n-3)*(2*n-9)/30. - R. J. Mathar, Jan 30 2019
EXAMPLE
Triangle T(n, k) begins:
n\k 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0: 1
1: 1 1
2: 2 3 1
3: 5 9 5 1
4: 14 28 20 7 1
5: 42 90 75 35 9 1
6: 132 297 275 154 54 11 1
7: 429 1001 1001 637 273 77 13 1
8: 1430 3432 3640 2548 1260 440 104 15 1
9: 4862 11934 13260 9996 5508 2244 663 135 17 1
... Reformatted by Wolfdieter Lang, Dec 21 2015
From Paul Barry, Feb 17 2011: (Start)
Production matrix begins
1, 1,
1, 2, 1,
0, 1, 2, 1,
0, 0, 1, 2, 1,
0, 0, 0, 1, 2, 1,
0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 2, 1,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 2, 1 (End)
From Wolfdieter Lang, Sep 20 2013: (Start)
Example for rho(N) = 2*cos(Pi/N) powers:
n=2: rho(N)^4 = 2*R(N,1) + 3*R(N,3) + 1*R(N, 5) =
2 + 3*S(2, rho(N)) + 1*S(4, rho(N)), identical in N >= 1. For N=4 (the square with only one distinct diagonal), the degree delta(4) = 2, hence R(4, 3) and R(4, 5) can be reduced, namely to R(4, 1) = 1 and R(4, 5) = -R(4,1) = -1, respectively. Therefore, rho(4)^4 =(2*cos(Pi/4))^4 = 2 + 3 -1 = 4. (End)
MAPLE
T:=(n, k)->(2*k+1)*binomial(2*n, n-k)/(n+k+1): for n from 0 to 12 do seq(T(n, k), k=0..n) od; # yields sequence in triangular form # Emeric Deutsch, May 06 2006
T := proc(n, k) option remember; if k = n then 1 elif k > n then 0 elif k = 0 then T(n-1, 0) + T(n-1, 1) else T(n-1, k-1) + 2*T(n-1, k) + T(n-1, k+1) fi end:
seq(seq(T(n, k), k = 0..n), n = 0..9) od; # Peter Luschny, Feb 14 2023
MATHEMATICA
Table[Abs[Differences[Table[Binomial[2 n, n + i], {i, 0, n + 1}]]], {n, 0, 7}] // Flatten (* Geoffrey Critzer, Dec 18 2011 *)
Join[{1}, Flatten[Table[Binomial[2n-1, n-k]-Binomial[2n-1, n-k-2], {n, 10}, {k, 0, n}]]] (* Harvey P. Dale, Dec 18 2011 *)
Flatten[Table[Binomial[2*n, m+n]*(2*m+1)/(m+n+1), {n, 0, 9}, {m, 0, n}]] (* Jayanta Basu, Apr 30 2013 *)
PROG
(Sage) # Algorithm of L. Seidel (1877)
# Prints the first n rows of the triangle
def A039599_triangle(n) :
D = [0]*(n+2); D[1] = 1
b = True ; h = 1
for i in range(2*n-1) :
if b :
for k in range(h, 0, -1) : D[k] += D[k-1]
h += 1
else :
for k in range(1, h, 1) : D[k] += D[k+1]
if b : print([D[z] for z in (1..h-1)])
b = not b
A039599_triangle(10) # Peter Luschny, May 01 2012
(Magma) /* As triangle */ [[Binomial(2*n, k+n)*(2*k+1)/(k+n+1): k in [0..n]]: n in [0.. 15]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Oct 16 2015
(PARI) a(n, k) = (2*n+1)/(n+k+1)*binomial(2*k, n+k)
trianglerows(n) = for(x=0, n-1, for(y=0, x, print1(a(y, x), ", ")); print(""))
trianglerows(10) \\ Felix Fröhlich, Jun 24 2016
CROSSREFS
Row sums: A000984.
Triangle sums (see the comments): A000958 (Kn11), A001558 (Kn12), A088218 (Fi1, Fi2).
Sequence in context: A055905 A147703 A147747 * A154380 A155083 A011357
KEYWORD
nonn,tabl,easy,nice
AUTHOR
EXTENSIONS
Corrected by Philippe Deléham, Nov 26 2009, Dec 14 2009
STATUS
approved

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Last modified June 24 12:27 EDT 2024. Contains 373677 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)