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 A124576 Triangle read by rows: row n is the first row of the matrix M[n]^(n-1), where M[n] is the n X n tridiagonal matrix with main diagonal (1,4,4,...) and super- and subdiagonals (1,1,1,...). 26
 1, 1, 1, 2, 5, 1, 7, 23, 9, 1, 30, 108, 60, 13, 1, 138, 522, 361, 113, 17, 1, 660, 2587, 2079, 830, 182, 21, 1, 3247, 13087, 11733, 5581, 1579, 267, 25, 1, 16334, 67328, 65600, 35636, 12164, 2672, 368, 29, 1, 83662, 351246, 365364, 220308, 86964, 23220, 4173 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,4 COMMENTS Triangle T(n,k), 0<=k<=n, read by rows given by : T(0,0)=1, T(n,k)=0 if k<0 or if k>n, T(n,0)=T(n-1,0)+T(n-1,1), T(n,k)=T(n-1,k-1)+4*T(n-1,k)+T(n-1,k+1) for k>=1. - Philippe Deléham, Mar 27 2007 This triangle belongs to the family of triangles defined by: T(0,0)=1, T(n,k)=0 if k<0 or if k>n, T(n,0)=x*T(n-1,0)+T(n-1,1), T(n,k)=T(n-1,k-1)+y*T(n-1,k)+T(n-1,k+1) for k>=1 . Other triangles arise by choosing different values for (x,y): (0,0) -> A053121; (0,1) -> A089942; (0,2) -> A126093; (0,3) -> A126970; (1,0)-> A061554; (1,1) -> A064189; (1,2) -> A039599; (1,3) -> A110877; ((1,4) -> A124576; (2,0) -> A126075; (2,1) -> A038622; (2,2) -> A039598; (2,3) -> A124733; (2,4) -> A124575; (3,0) -> A126953; (3,1) -> A126954; (3,2) -> A111418; (3,3) -> A091965; (3,4) -> A124574; (4,3) -> A126791; (4,4) -> A052179; (4,5) -> A126331; (5,5) -> A125906. - Philippe Deléham, Sep 25 2007 LINKS G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for the first 50 rows, flattened FORMULA Sum{k, 0<=k<=n} T(n,k)*(4*k+1) = 6^n. - Philippe Deléham, Mar 27 2007 EXAMPLE Row 3 is (2,5,1) because M[3]=[1,1,0;1,4,1;0,1,4] and M[3]^2=[2,5,1;5,18,8;1,8,17]. Triangle starts: 1; 1, 1; 2, 5, 1; 7, 23, 9, 1; 30, 108, 60, 13, 1; 138, 522, 361, 113, 17, 1; MAPLE with(linalg): m:=proc(i, j) if i=1 and j=1 then 1 elif i=j then 4 elif abs(i-j)=1 then 1 else 0 fi end: for n from 3 to 11 do A[n]:=matrix(n, n, m): B[n]:=multiply(seq(A[n], i=1..n-1)) od: 1; 1, 1; for n from 3 to 11 do seq(B[n][1, j], j=1..n) od; # yields sequence in triangular form MATHEMATICA M[n_] := SparseArray[{{1, 1} -> 1, Band[{2, 2}] -> 4, Band[{1, 2}] -> 1, Band[{2, 1}] -> 1}, {n, n}]; row[1] = {1}; row[n_] := MatrixPower[M[n], n-1] // First // Normal; Table[row[n], {n, 1, 10}] // Flatten (* Jean-François Alcover, Jan 09 2014 *) CROSSREFS Cf. A124575, A124574, A052179. Sequence in context: A258067 A240241 A019510 * A283556 A268980 A297012 Adjacent sequences:  A124573 A124574 A124575 * A124577 A124578 A124579 KEYWORD nonn,tabl AUTHOR Gary W. Adamson & Roger L. Bagula, Nov 05 2006 EXTENSIONS Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, Dec 04 2006 STATUS approved

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Last modified December 5 23:39 EST 2019. Contains 329784 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)