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A345925 Numbers k such that the k-th composition in standard order (row k of A066099) has alternating sum 2. 28
2, 9, 11, 14, 34, 37, 39, 42, 45, 47, 52, 57, 59, 62, 132, 137, 139, 142, 146, 149, 151, 154, 157, 159, 164, 169, 171, 174, 178, 181, 183, 186, 189, 191, 200, 209, 211, 214, 220, 226, 229, 231, 234, 237, 239, 244, 249, 251, 254, 520, 529, 531, 534, 540, 546 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

The alternating sum of a sequence (y_1,...,y_k) is Sum_i (-1)^(i-1) y_i.

The k-th composition in standard order (graded reverse-lexicographic, A066099) is obtained by taking the set of positions of 1's in the reversed binary expansion of k, prepending 0, taking first differences, and reversing again. This gives a bijective correspondence between nonnegative integers and integer compositions.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..55.

EXAMPLE

The initial terms and corresponding compositions:

      2: (2)            137: (4,3,1)

      9: (3,1)          139: (4,2,1,1)

     11: (2,1,1)        142: (4,1,1,2)

     14: (1,1,2)        146: (3,3,2)

     34: (4,2)          149: (3,2,2,1)

     37: (3,2,1)        151: (3,2,1,1,1)

     39: (3,1,1,1)      154: (3,1,2,2)

     42: (2,2,2)        157: (3,1,1,2,1)

     45: (2,1,2,1)      159: (3,1,1,1,1,1)

     47: (2,1,1,1,1)    164: (2,3,3)

     52: (1,2,3)        169: (2,2,3,1)

     57: (1,1,3,1)      171: (2,2,2,1,1)

     59: (1,1,2,1,1)    174: (2,2,1,1,2)

     62: (1,1,1,1,2)    178: (2,1,3,2)

    132: (5,3)          181: (2,1,2,2,1)

MATHEMATICA

stc[n_]:=Differences[Prepend[Join@@Position[Reverse[IntegerDigits[n, 2]], 1], 0]]//Reverse;

ats[y_]:=Sum[(-1)^(i-1)*y[[i]], {i, Length[y]}];

Select[Range[0, 100], ats[stc[#]]==2&]

CROSSREFS

These compositions are counted by A088218.

These are the positions of 2's in A124754.

The case of partitions of 2n is A344741.

The version for reverse-alternating sum is A345922.

The opposite (negative 2) version is A345924.

The version for Heinz numbers of partitions is A345960 (reverse: A345961).

A000041 counts partitions of 2n with alternating sum 0, ranked by A000290.

A011782 counts compositions.

A097805 counts compositions by alternating (or reverse-alternating) sum.

A103919 counts partitions by sum and alternating sum (reverse: A344612).

A120452 counts partitions of 2n with reverse-alternating sum 2.

A316524 gives the alternating sum of prime indices (reverse: A344616).

A345197 counts compositions by sum, length, and alternating sum.

Standard compositions: A000120, A066099, A070939, A228351, A124754, A344618.

Compositions of n, 2n, or 2n+1 with alternating/reverse-alternating sum k:

- k = 0:  counted by A088218, ranked by A344619/A344619.

- k = 1:  counted by A000984, ranked by A345909/A345911.

- k = -1: counted by A001791, ranked by A345910/A345912.

- k = 2:  counted by A088218, ranked by A345925/A345922.

- k = -2: counted by A002054, ranked by A345924/A345923.

- k >= 0: counted by A116406, ranked by A345913/A345914.

- k <= 0: counted by A058622(n-1), ranked by A345915/A345916.

- k > 0:  counted by A027306, ranked by A345917/A345918.

- k < 0:  counted by A294175, ranked by A345919/A345920.

- k != 0: counted by A058622, ranked by A345921/A345921.

- k even: counted by A081294, ranked by A053754/A053754.

- k odd:  counted by A000302, ranked by A053738/A053738.

Cf. A000070, A000097, A025047, A114121, A163493, A238279, A239830, A344607, A344608, A344609, A344651, A344743.

Sequence in context: A065554 A034042 A138759 * A098934 A237877 A043307

Adjacent sequences:  A345922 A345923 A345924 * A345926 A345927 A345928

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Gus Wiseman, Jul 11 2021

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 26 18:30 EDT 2021. Contains 348268 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)