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 A005893 Number of points on surface of tetrahedron; coordination sequence for sodalite net (equals 2*n^2+2 for n > 0). (Formerly M3380) 83
 1, 4, 10, 20, 34, 52, 74, 100, 130, 164, 202, 244, 290, 340, 394, 452, 514, 580, 650, 724, 802, 884, 970, 1060, 1154, 1252, 1354, 1460, 1570, 1684, 1802, 1924, 2050, 2180, 2314, 2452, 2594, 2740, 2890, 3044, 3202, 3364, 3530, 3700, 3874, 4052, 4234 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,2 COMMENTS Number of n-matchings of the wheel graph W_{2n} (n > 0). Example: a(2)=10 because in the wheel W_4 (rectangle ABCD and spokes OA,OB,OC,OD) we have the 2-matchings: (AB, OC), (AB, OD), (BC, OA), (BC,OD), (CD,OA), (CD,OB), (DA,OB), (DA,OC), (AB,CD) and (BC,DA). - Emeric Deutsch, Dec 25 2004 For n > 0 a(n) is the difference of two tetrahedral (or pyramidal) numbers: binomial(n+3, 3) = (n+1)(n+2)(n+3)/6. a(n) = A000292(n+1) - A000292(n-3) = (n+1)(n+2)(n+3)/6 - (n-3)(n-2)(n-1)/6. - Alexander Adamchuk, May 20 2006; updated by Peter Munn, Aug 25 2017 due to changed offset in A000292 Equals binomial transform of [1, 3, 3, 1, -1, 1, -1, 1, -1, 1, ...]. Binomial transform of A005893 = nonzero terms of A053545: (1, 5, 19, 63, 191, ...). - Gary W. Adamson, Apr 28 2008 Disregarding the terms < 10, the sums of four consecutive triangular numbers (A000217). - Rick L. Shepherd, Sep 30 2009 Use a set of n concentric circles where n >= 0 to divide the plane. a(n) is the maximal number of regions after the 2nd division. - Frank M Jackson, Sep 07 2011 Euler transform of length 4 sequence [4, 0, 0, -1]. - Michael Somos, May 14 2014 Also, growth series for affine Coxeter group (or affine Weyl group) A_3 or D_3. - N. J. A. Sloane, Jan 11 2016 For n > 2 the generalized Pell's equation x^2 - 2*(a(n) - 2)y^2 = (a(n) - 4)^2 has a finite number of positive integer solutions. - Muniru A Asiru, Apr 19 2016 Union of A188896, A277449, {1,4}. - Muniru A Asiru, Nov 25 2016 Interleaving of A008527 and A108099. - Bruce J. Nicholson, Oct 14 2019 REFERENCES N. Bourbaki, Groupes et Algèbres de Lie, Chap. 4, 5 and 6, Hermann, Paris, 1968. See Chap. VI, Section 4, Problem 10b, page 231, W_a(t). H. S. M. Coxeter, "Polyhedral numbers," in R. S. Cohen et al., editors, For Dirk Struik. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1974, pp. 25-35. B. Grünbaum, Uniform tilings of 3-space, Geombinatorics, 4 (1994), 49-56. See tiling #28. R. W. Marks and R. B. Fuller, The Dymaxion World of Buckminster Fuller. Anchor, NY, 1973, p. 46. N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence). LINKS Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000 J. H. Conway and N. J. A. Sloane, Low-Dimensional Lattices VII: Coordination Sequences, Proc. Royal Soc. London, A453 (1997), 2369-2389 (pdf). Steven Edwards and William Griffiths, On Generalized Delannoy Numbers, J. Int. Seq., Vol. 23 (2020), Article 20.3.6. J. M. Grau, C. Miguel, and A. M. Oller-Marcén, Generalized Quaternion Rings over Z/nZ for an odd n, arXiv:1706.04760 [math.RA], 2017. See Theorem 1, p. 10. Guo-Niu Han, Enumeration of Standard Puzzles. [Cached copy.] Milan Janjić, Hessenberg Matrices and Integer Sequences , J. Int. Seq. 13 (2010), Article 10.7.8. M. O'Keeffe, N-dimensional diamond, sodalite and rare sphere packings, Acta Cryst., A 47 (1991), 749-753. Simon Plouffe, Approximations de séries génératrices et quelques conjectures, Dissertation, Université du Québec à Montréal, 1992; arXiv:0911.4975 [math.NT], 2009. Simon Plouffe, 1031 Generating Functions, Appendix to Thesis, Montreal, 1992. Reticular Chemistry Structure Resource, sod. Aditya Sivakumar and Dmitri Tymoczko, Intuitive Musical Homotopy, 2018. B. K. Teo and N. J. A. Sloane, Magic numbers in polygonal and polyhedral clusters, Inorgan. Chem. 24 (1985),4545-4558. DOI: 10.1021/ic00220a025. Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (3,-3,1). FORMULA G.f.: (1 - x^4)/(1-x)^4. a(n) = A071619(n-1) + A071619(n) + A071619(n+1), n > 0. - Ralf Stephan, Apr 26 2003 a(n) = binomial(n+3, 3) - binomial(n-1, 3) for n >= 1. - Mitch Harris, Jan 08 2008 a(n) = (n+1)^2 + (n-1)^2. - Benjamin Abramowitz, Apr 14 2009 a(n) = A000217(n-2) + A000217(n-1) + A000217(n) + A000217(n+1) for n >= 2. - Rick L. Shepherd, Sep 30 2009 a(n) = 2*n^2 - 0^n + 2. - Vincenzo Librandi, Sep 27 2011 a(0)=1, a(1)=4, a(2)=10, a(3)=20, a(n) = 3*a(n-1) - 3*a(n-2) + a(n-3). - Harvey P. Dale, Feb 26 2012 a(n) = A228643(n+1,2) for n > 0. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Aug 29 2013 a(n) = a(-n) for all n in Z. - Michael Somos, May 14 2014 For n >= 2: a(n) = a(n-1) + 4*n - 2. - Bob Selcoe, Mar 22 2016 E.g.f.: -1 + 2*(1 + x + x^2)*exp(x). - Ilya Gutkovskiy, Apr 19 2016 a(n) = 2*A002522(n), n>0. - R. J. Mathar, May 30 2022 From Amiram Eldar, Sep 16 2022: (Start) Sum_{n>=0} 1/a(n) = (coth(Pi)*Pi + 3)/4. Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n/a(n) = (cosech(Pi)*Pi + 3)/4. (End) Empirical: Integral_{u=-oo..+oo} sigmoid(u)*log(sigmoid(n * u)) du = -Pi^2*a(n) / (24*n), where sigmoid(x) = 1/(1+exp(-x)). Also works for non-integer n>0. - Carlo Wood, Dec 04 2023 EXAMPLE G.f. = 1 + 4*x + 10*x^2 + 20*x^3 + 34*x^4 + 52*x^5 + 74*x^6 + 100*x^7 + ... MAPLE A005893:=-(z+1)*(1+z^2)/(z-1)^3; # Simon Plouffe in his 1992 dissertation MATHEMATICA Join[{1}, Table[2*(n + 1)^2 + 2, {n, 0, 200}]] (* Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky, Jul 10 2011 *) Join[{1}, LinearRecurrence[{3, -3, 1}, {4, 10, 20}, 50]] (* Harvey P. Dale, Feb 26 2012 *) a[ n_] := SeriesCoefficient[ (1 - x^4) / (1 - x)^4, {x, 0, Abs@n}]; (* Michael Somos, May 14 2014 *) a[ n_] := 2 n^2 + 2 - Boole[n == 0]; (* Michael Somos, May 14 2014 *) PROG (Magma) [2*n^2-0^n+2: n in [0..60]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Sep 27 2011 (PARI) a(n)=2*n^2-0^n+2 \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Sep 24 2015 CROSSREFS Cf. A000217, A000292, A053545, A206399. Cf. similar sequences listed in A255843. The growth series for the affine Coxeter groups D_3 through D_12 are A005893 and A266759-A266767. For partial sums see A005894. The 28 uniform 3D tilings: cab: A299266, A299267; crs: A299268, A299269; fcu: A005901, A005902; fee: A299259, A299265; flu-e: A299272, A299273; fst: A299258, A299264; hal: A299274, A299275; hcp: A007899, A007202; hex: A005897, A005898; kag: A299256, A299262; lta: A008137, A299276; pcu: A005899, A001845; pcu-i: A299277, A299278; reo: A299279, A299280; reo-e: A299281, A299282; rho: A008137, A299276; sod: A005893, A005894; sve: A299255, A299261; svh: A299283, A299284; svj: A299254, A299260; svk: A010001, A063489; tca: A299285, A299286; tcd: A299287, A299288; tfs: A005899, A001845; tsi: A299289, A299290; ttw: A299257, A299263; ubt: A299291, A299292; bnn: A007899, A007202. See the Proserpio link in A299266 for overview. Sequence in context: A008141 A119651 A279015 * A301034 A301030 A301032 Adjacent sequences: A005890 A005891 A005892 * A005894 A005895 A005896 KEYWORD nonn,easy,nice AUTHOR N. J. A. Sloane STATUS approved

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Last modified May 19 14:45 EDT 2024. Contains 372698 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)