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A033996 8 times triangular numbers: a(n) = 4*n*(n+1). 82
0, 8, 24, 48, 80, 120, 168, 224, 288, 360, 440, 528, 624, 728, 840, 960, 1088, 1224, 1368, 1520, 1680, 1848, 2024, 2208, 2400, 2600, 2808, 3024, 3248, 3480, 3720, 3968, 4224, 4488, 4760, 5040, 5328, 5624, 5928, 6240, 6560, 6888, 7224, 7568, 7920, 8280 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,2
COMMENTS
Write 0, 1, 2, ... in a clockwise spiral; sequence gives numbers on one of 4 diagonals.
Also, least m > n such that T(m)*T(n) is a square and more precisely that of A055112(n). {T(n) = A000217(n)}. - Lekraj Beedassy, May 14 2004
Also sequence found by reading the line from 0, in the direction 0, 8, ... and the same line from 0, in the direction 0, 24, ..., in the square spiral whose vertices are the generalized decagonal numbers A074377. Axis perpendicular to A195146 in the same spiral. - Omar E. Pol, Sep 18 2011
Number of diagonals with length sqrt(5) in an (n+1) X (n+1) square grid. Every 1 X 2 rectangle has two such diagonals. - Wesley Ivan Hurt, Mar 25 2015
Imagine a board made of squares (like a chessboard), one of whose squares is completely surrounded by square-shaped layers made of adjacent squares. a(n) is the total number of squares in the first to n-th layer. a(1) = 8 because there are 8 neighbors to the unit square; adding them gives a 3 X 3 square. a(2) = 24 = 8 + 16 because we need 16 more squares in the next layer to get a 5 X 5 square: a(n) = (2*n+1)^2 - 1 counting the (2n+1) X (2n+1) square minus the central square. - R. J. Cano, Sep 26 2015
The three platonic solids (the simplex, hypercube, and cross-polytope) with unit side length in n dimensions all have rational volume if and only if n appears in this sequence, after 0. - Brian T Kuhns, Feb 26 2016
The number of active (ON,black) cells in the n-th stage of growth of the two-dimensional cellular automaton defined by "Rule 645", based on the 5-celled von Neumann neighborhood. - Robert Price, May 19 2016
The square root of a(n), n>0, has continued fraction [2n; {1,4n}] with whole number part 2n and periodic part {1,4n}. - Ron Knott, May 11 2017
Numbers k such that k+1 is a square and k is a multiple of 4. - Bruno Berselli, Sep 28 2017
a(n) is the number of vertices of the octagonal network O(n,n); O(m,n) is defined by Fig. 1 of the Siddiqui et al. reference. - Emeric Deutsch, May 13 2018
a(n) is the number of vertices in conjoined n X n octagons which are arranged into a square array, a.k.a. truncated square tiling. - Donghwi Park, Dec 20 2020
a(n-2) is the number of ways to place 3 adjacent marks in a diagonal, horizontal, or vertical row on an n X n tic-tac-toe grid. - Matej Veselovac, May 28 2021
REFERENCES
Stuart M. Ellerstein, J. Recreational Math. 29 (3) 188, 1998.
R. L. Graham, D. E. Knuth and O. Patashnik, Concrete Mathematics. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 2nd ed., 1994, p. 99.
Stephen Wolfram, A New Kind of Science, Wolfram Media, 2002; p. 170.
LINKS
M. K. Siddiqui, M. Naeem, N. A. Rahman, and M. Imran, Computing topological indices of certain networks, J. of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials, 18, No. 9-10, 2016, 884-892.
N. J. A. Sloane, On the Number of ON Cells in Cellular Automata, arXiv:1503.01168 [math.CO], 2015.
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Elementary Cellular Automaton.
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Hamiltonian Path.
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Knight Graph.
Stephen Wolfram, A New Kind of Science
FORMULA
a(n) = 4*n^2 + 4*n = (2*n+1)^2 - 1.
G.f.: 8*x/(1-x)^3.
a(n) = A016754(n) - 1 = 2*A046092(n) = 4*A002378(n). - Lekraj Beedassy, May 25 2004
a(n) = A049598(n) - A046092(n); a(n) = A124080(n) - A002378(n). - Zerinvary Lajos, Mar 06 2007
a(n) = 8*A000217(n). - Omar E. Pol, Dec 12 2008
a(n) = A005843(n) * A163300(n). - Juri-Stepan Gerasimov, Jul 26 2009
a(n) = a(n-1) + 8*n (with a(0)=0). - Vincenzo Librandi, Nov 17 2010
For n > 0, a(n) = A058031(n+1) - A062938(n-1). - Charlie Marion, Apr 11 2013
a(n) = 3*a(n-1) - 3*a(n-2) + a(n-3). - Wesley Ivan Hurt, Mar 25 2015
a(n) = A000578(n+1) - A152618(n). - Bui Quang Tuan, Apr 01 2015
a(n) - a(n-1) = A008590(n), n > 0. - Altug Alkan, Sep 26 2015
From Ilya Gutkovskiy, May 19 2016: (Start)
E.g.f.: 4*x*(2 + x)*exp(x).
Sum_{n>=1} 1/a(n) = 1/4. (End)
Product_{n>=1} a(n)/A016754(n) = Pi/4. - Daniel Suteu, Dec 25 2016
a(n) = A056220(n) + A056220(n+1). - Bruce J. Nicholson, May 29 2017
sqrt(a(n)+1) - sqrt(a(n)) = (sqrt(n+1) - sqrt(n))^2. - Seiichi Manyama, Dec 23 2018
a(n)*a(n+k) + 4*k^2 = m^2 where m = (a(n) + a(n+k))/2 - 2*k^2; for k=1, m = 4*n^2 + 8*n + 2 = A060626(n). - Ezhilarasu Velayutham, May 22 2019
Sum_{n>=1} (-1)^n/a(n) = 1/4 - log(2)/2. - Vaclav Kotesovec, Dec 21 2020
From Amiram Eldar, Feb 21 2023: (Start)
Product_{n>=1} (1 - 1/a(n)) = -(4/Pi)*cos(Pi/sqrt(2)).
Product_{n>=1} (1 + 1/a(n)) = 4/Pi (A088538). (End)
EXAMPLE
Spiral with 0, 8, 24, 48, ... along lower right diagonal:
.
36--37--38--39--40--41--42
| |
35 16--17--18--19--20 43
| | | |
34 15 4---5---6 21 44
| | | | | |
33 14 3 0 7 22 45
| | | | \ | | |
32 13 2---1 8 23 46
| | | \ | |
31 12--11--10---9 24 47
| | \ |
30--29--28--27--26--25 48
\
[Reformatted by Jon E. Schoenfield, Dec 25 2016]
MAPLE
seq(8*binomial(n+1, 2), n=0..46); # Zerinvary Lajos, Nov 24 2006
[seq((2*n+1)^2-1, n=0..46)];
MATHEMATICA
Table[(2n - 1)^2 - 1, {n, 50}] (* Alonso del Arte, Mar 31 2013 *)
PROG
(PARI) nsqm1(n) = { forstep(x=1, n, 2, y = x*x-1; print1(y, ", ") ) }
(Magma) [ 4*n*(n+1) : n in [0..50] ]; // Wesley Ivan Hurt, Jun 09 2014
CROSSREFS
Cf. A000217, A016754, A002378, A024966, A027468, A028895, A028896, A045943, A046092, A049598, A088538, A124080, A008590 (first differences), A130809 (partial sums).
Sequences on the four axes of the square spiral: Starting at 0: A001107, A033991, A007742, A033954; starting at 1: A054552, A054556, A054567, A033951.
Sequences on the four diagonals of the square spiral: Starting at 0: A002939 = 2*A000384, A016742 = 4*A000290, A002943 = 2*A014105, A033996 = 8*A000217; starting at 1: A054554, A053755, A054569, A016754.
Sequences obtained by reading alternate terms on the X and Y axes and the two main diagonals of the square spiral: Starting at 0: A035608, A156859, A002378 = 2*A000217, A137932 = 4*A002620; starting at 1: A317186, A267682, A002061, A080335.
Sequence in context: A022763 A244370 A179682 * A333714 A146980 A342062
KEYWORD
nonn,easy
AUTHOR
N. J. A. Sloane, Dec 11 1999
STATUS
approved

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Last modified July 23 16:47 EDT 2024. Contains 374552 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)