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A080335 Diagonal in square spiral or maze arrangement of natural numbers. 32
1, 5, 9, 17, 25, 37, 49, 65, 81, 101, 121, 145, 169, 197, 225, 257, 289, 325, 361, 401, 441, 485, 529, 577, 625, 677, 729, 785, 841, 901, 961, 1025, 1089, 1157, 1225, 1297, 1369, 1445, 1521, 1601, 1681, 1765, 1849, 1937, 2025, 2117, 2209, 2305, 2401, 2501 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,2
COMMENTS
Interleaves the odd squares A016754 with (1+4n^2), A053755.
Squares of positive integers (plus 1 if n is odd). - Wesley Ivan Hurt, Oct 10 2013
a(n) is the maximum total number of queens that can coexist without attacking each other on an [n+3] X [n+3] chessboard, when the lone queen is in the most vulnerable position on the board. Specifically, the lone queen will placed in any center position, facing an opponent's "army" of size a(n)-1 == A137932(n+2). - Bob Selcoe, Feb 12 2015
a(n) is also the edge chromatic number of the complement of the (n+2) X (n+2) rook graph. - Eric W. Weisstein, Jan 31 2024
LINKS
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Edge Chromatic Number
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Rook Complement Graph
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Rook Graph
FORMULA
a(n) = (3 + 4*n + 2*n^2 - (-1)^n)/2.
a(2*n) = A016754(n), a(2*n+1) = A053755(n+1).
E.g.f.: exp(x)*(2 + 3*x + x^2) - cosh(x). The sequence 1,1,5,9,... is given by n^2+(1+(-1)^n)/2 with e.g.f. exp(1+x+x^2)*exp(x)-sinh(x). - Paul Barry, Sep 02 2003 and Sep 19 2003
a(0)=1, a(1)=5, a(2)=9, a(3)=17, a(n) = 2*a(n-1) - 2*a(n-3) + a(n-4). - Harvey P. Dale, Jan 29 2012
a(n)+(-1)^n = A137928(n+1). - Philippe Deléham, Feb 17 2012
G.f.: (1 + 3*x - x^2 + x^3)/((1-x)^3*(1+x)). - Colin Barker, Mar 18 2012
a(n) = A000035(n) + A000290(n+1). - Wesley Ivan Hurt, Oct 10 2013
From Bob Selcoe, Feb 12 2015: (Start)
a(n) = A137932(n+2) + 1.
a(n) = (n+1)^2 when n is even; a(n) = (n+1)^2 + 1 when n is odd.
a(n) = A002378(n+2) - A047238(n+3) + 1.
(End)
Sum_{n>=0} 1/a(n) = Pi*coth(Pi/2)/4 + Pi^2/8 - 1/2. - Amiram Eldar, Jul 07 2022
MAPLE
A080335:=n->(n mod 2) + (n+1)^2; seq(A080335(k), k=0..49); # Wesley Ivan Hurt, Oct 10 2013
MATHEMATICA
With[{nn = 60}, Riffle[Range[1, nn, 2]^2, 4 Range[nn]^2 + 1]] (* Harvey P. Dale, Jan 29 2012 *)
LinearRecurrence[{2, 0, -2, 1}, {1, 5, 9, 17}, 60] (* Harvey P. Dale, Jan 29 2012 *)
Table[(3 + 4 n + 2 n^2 - (-1)^n)/2, {n, 0, 50}] (* Wesley Ivan Hurt, Oct 10 2013 *)
Table[Mod[n, 2] + (n + 1)^2, {n, 0, 20}] (* Eric W. Weisstein, Jan 31 2024 *)
PROG
(Magma) [(3+4*n+2*n^2-(-1)^n)/2: n in [0..50]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Sep 06 2011
CROSSREFS
Sequences on the four axes of the square spiral: Starting at 0: A001107, A033991, A007742, A033954; starting at 1: A054552, A054556, A054567, A033951.
Sequences on the four diagonals of the square spiral: Starting at 0: A002939 = 2*A000384, A016742 = 4*A000290, A002943 = 2*A014105, A033996 = 8*A000217; starting at 1: A054554, A053755, A054569, A016754.
Sequences obtained by reading alternate terms on the X and Y axes and the two main diagonals of the square spiral: Starting at 0: A035608, A156859, A002378 = 2*A000217, A137932 = 4*A002620; starting at 1: A317186, A267682, A002061, A080335.
Sequence in context: A210978 A211434 A182388 * A351837 A089109 A100449
KEYWORD
nonn,easy
AUTHOR
Paul Barry, Mar 19 2003
STATUS
approved

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Last modified April 22 01:34 EDT 2024. Contains 371887 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)