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A211394 T(n,k) = (k+n)*(k+n-1)/2-(k+n-1)*(-1)^(k+n)-k+2; n , k > 0, read by antidiagonals. 4
1, 5, 6, 2, 3, 4, 12, 13, 14, 15, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 80 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Permutation of the natural numbers.

a(n) is a pairing function: a function that reversibly maps Z^{+} x Z^{+} onto Z^{+}, where Z^{+} is the set of integer positive numbers.

Enumeration table T(n,k). The order of the list:

T(1,1)=1;

T(1,3), T(2,2), T(3,1);

T(1,2), T(2,1);

. . .

T(1,n), T(2,n-1), T(3,n-2), ... T(n,1);

T(1,n-1), T(2,n-3), T(3,n-4),...T(n-1,1);

. . .

First row  matches with the elements antidiagonal {T(1,n), ... T(n,1)},

second row matches with the elements antidiagonal {T(1,n-1), ... T(n-1,1)}.

Table contains:

row  1 is alternation of elements A130883 and A096376,

row  2  accommodates elements A033816 in even places,

row  3  accommodates elements A100037 in odd  places,

row  5  accommodates elements A100038 in odd  places;

column 1 is alternation of elements A084849 and  A000384,

column 2 is alternation of elements A014106 and  A014105,

column 3 is alternation of elements A014107 and  A091823,

column 4 is alternation of elements A071355 and |A168244|,

column 5 accommodates elements A033537 in even places,

column 7 is alternation of elements A100040 and  A130861,

column 9 accommodates elements A100041 in even places;

the main diagonal is A058331,

diagonal  1, located above the main diagonal is  A001844,

diagonal  2, located above the main diagonal is  A001105,

diagonal  3, located above the main diagonal is  A046092,

diagonal  4, located above the main diagonal is  A056220,

diagonal  5, located above the main diagonal is  A142463,

diagonal  6, located above the main diagonal is  A054000,

diagonal  7, located above the main diagonal is  A090288,

diagonal  9, located above the main diagonal is  A059993,

diagonal 10, located above the main diagonal is |A147973|,

diagonal 11, located above the main diagonal is  A139570;

diagonal  1, located under the main diagonal is  A051890,

diagonal  2, located under the main diagonal is  A005893,

diagonal  3, located under the main diagonal is  A097080,

diagonal  4, located under the main diagonal is  A093328,

diagonal  5, located under the main diagonal is  A137882.

LINKS

Boris Putievskiy, Rows n = 1..140 of triangle, flattened

Boris Putievskiy, Transformations [of] Integer Sequences And Pairing Functions arXiv:1212.2732 [math.CO]

Eric W. Weisstein, MathWorld: Pairing functions

Index entries for sequences that are permutations of the natural numbers

FORMULA

T(n,k) = (k+n)*(k+n-1)/2-(k+n-1)*(-1)^(k+n)-k+2.

As linear sequence

a(n) = A003057(n)*A002024(n)/2- A002024(n)*(-1)^A003056(n)-A004736(n)+2.

a(n) = (t+2)*(t+1)/2 - (t+1)*(-1)^t-j+2, where j=(t*t+3*t+4)/2-n and t=int((math.sqrt(8*n-7) - 1)/ 2).

EXAMPLE

The start of the sequence as table:

1....5...2..12...7..23..16...

6....3..13...8..24..17..39...

4...14...9..25..18..40..31...

15..10..26..19..41..32..60...

11..27..20..42..33..61..50...

28..21..43..34..62..51..85...

22..44..35..63..52..86..73...

. . .

The start of the sequence as triangle array read by rows:

1;

5,6;

2,3,4;

12,13,14,15;

7,8,9,10,11;

23,24,25,26,27,28;

16,17,18,19,20,21,22;

. . .

Row number r matches with r numbers segment {(r+1)*r/2-r*(-1)^(r+1)-r+2,... (r+1)*r/2-r*(-1)^(r+1)+1}.

MATHEMATICA

T[n_, k_] := (n+k)(n+k-1)/2 - (-1)^(n+k)(n+k-1) - k + 2;

Table[T[n-k+1, k], {n, 1, 12}, {k, n, 1, -1}] // Flatten (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Dec 06 2018 *)

PROG

(Python)

t=int((math.sqrt(8*n-7) - 1)/ 2)

j=(t*t+3*t+4)/2-n

result=(t+2)*(t+1)/2-(t+1)*(-1)**t-j+2

CROSSREFS

Cf. A130883, A096376, A033816, A100037, A100038, A084849, A000384, A014106, A014105, A014107, A091823, A071355, A168244, A033537, A100040, A130861, A100041, A058331, A001844, A001105, A046092, A056220, A142463, A054000, A090288, A059993, A147973, A139570, A051890, A005893, A097080, A093328, A137882.

Sequence in context: A182496 A195718 A210522 * A060011 A021068 A286300

Adjacent sequences:  A211391 A211392 A211393 * A211395 A211396 A211397

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Boris Putievskiy, Feb 08 2013

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 8 12:07 EST 2019. Contains 329862 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)