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A054000 a(n) = 2*n^2 - 2. 28
0, 6, 16, 30, 48, 70, 96, 126, 160, 198, 240, 286, 336, 390, 448, 510, 576, 646, 720, 798, 880, 966, 1056, 1150, 1248, 1350, 1456, 1566, 1680, 1798, 1920, 2046, 2176, 2310, 2448, 2590, 2736, 2886, 3040, 3198, 3360, 3526, 3696, 3870, 4048, 4230, 4416 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

a(n) = number of edges in (n+1) X (n+1) square grid with all horizontal, vertical and great diagonal segments filled in.

Sequence allows us to find X values of the equation: 2*X^3 + 4*X^2 = Y^2. To find Y values: b(n)=2n(2*n^2 - 2). - Mohamed Bouhamida (bhmd95(AT)yahoo.fr), Nov 06 2007

Second term of an arithmetic progression of 5 numbers with common difference 2n+1. The sum of squares of such 5 terms equals the sum of squares of 5 consecutive numbers starting a(n)+2n+1. - Carmine Suriano, Oct 16 2013

For m>2, a(m-1)=2*m*(m-2) is the number of Hamiltonian circuits on an m-gonal bipyramid with labelled vertices. - Stanislav Sykora, Jul 22 2014

a(n+1), n>=0, appears also as the third member of the quartet [p0(n), p1(n), a(n+1), p3(n)] of the square of [n, n+1, n+2, n+3] in the Clifford algebra Cl_2 for n >= 0. p0(n) = -A147973(n+3), p1(n) = A046092(n) and p3(n) = A139570(n). See a comment on A147973, also with a reference. - Wolfdieter Lang, Oct 15 2014

From Bui Quang Tuan, Mar 31 2015: (Start)

For n>=2, a(n) is the total sum of all numbers on the perimeter of a square consisting of n columns, each of which contains n numbers 1, 2, 3, ... n.

Here is an example with n = 5:

1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2

3 3 3 3 3

4 4 4 4 4

5 5 5 5 5

where 1+1+1+1+1 + 2+2 + 3+3 + 4+4 + 5+5+5+5+5 = 48 = a(5).

(End)

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..5000

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (3,-3,1).

FORMULA

a(n) = 4*n + a(n-1) - 2, with n>1, a(1)=0. - Vincenzo Librandi, Aug 06 2010

a(1)=0, a(2)=6, a(3)=16, a(n) = 3*a(n-1) - 3*a(n-2) + a(n-3). - Harvey P. Dale, Feb 03 2012

a(n) = (n+i)^2 + (n-i)^2, where i=sqrt(-1). - Bruno Berselli, Jan 23 2014

a(n) = 1*A000290(n-1) + 2*A000217(n-1) + 3*A001477(n-1). - J. M. Bergot, Apr 23 2014

G.f.: 2*x^2*(3-x)/(1-x)^3. - Vincenzo Librandi, Apr 01 2015

E.g.f.: 2*(x^2 + x -1)*exp(x) + 2. - G. C. Greubel, Jul 13 2017

EXAMPLE

For n=5, a(5)=48 and 37^2+48^2+59^2+70^2+81^2 = 59^2+60^2+61^2+62^2+63^2. - Carmine Suriano, Oct 16 2013

MAPLE

[ seq(2*n^2 - 2, n=1..60) ];

MATHEMATICA

2*Range[50]^2-2 (* or *) LinearRecurrence[{3, -3, 1}, {0, 6, 16}, 50] (* Harvey P. Dale, Feb 03 2012 *)

CoefficientList[Series[2 x (3 - x) / (1 - x)^3, {x, 0, 50}], x] (* Vincenzo Librandi, Apr 01 2015 *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n)=2*n^2-2 \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Sep 24 2015

CROSSREFS

a(n) = A100345(n+1, n-4) for n>2.

Cf. A000217, A001082, A002378, A002943, A005563, A028347, A036666, A046092, A056220, A062717, A067725, A087475.

Sequence in context: A164052 A264938 A168472 * A113742 A102214 A115007

Adjacent sequences:  A053997 A053998 A053999 * A054001 A054002 A054003

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Asher Auel (asher.auel(AT)reed.edu), Jan 12 2000

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 20 01:17 EST 2018. Contains 299357 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)