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A087108 This table shows the coefficients of combinatorial formulas needed for generating the sequential sums of p-th powers of binomial coefficients C(n,4). The p-th row (p>=1) contains a(i,p) for i=1 to 4*p-3, where a(i,p) satisfies Sum_{i=1..n} C(i+3,4)^p = 5 * C(n+4,5) * Sum_{i=1..4*p-3} a(i,p) * C(n-1,i-1)/(i+4). 10
1, 1, 4, 6, 4, 1, 1, 24, 176, 624, 1251, 1500, 1070, 420, 70, 1, 124, 3126, 33124, 191251, 681000, 1596120, 2543520, 2780820, 2058000, 987000, 277200, 34650, 1, 624, 49376, 1350624, 18308751, 146500500, 763418870, 2749648020, 7101675070, 13440210000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

COMMENTS

From Peter Bala, Mar 11 2018: (Start)

The table entries T(n,k) are the coefficients when expressing the polynomial C(x+4,4)^p of degree 4*p in terms of falling factorials: C(x+4,4)^p = Sum_{k = 0..4*p} T(p,k)*C(x,k). It follows that Sum_{i = 0..n-1} C(i+4,4)^p = Sum_{k = 0..4*p} T(p,k)*C(n,k+1). (End)

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for the first 50 rows, flattened

Dukes, C. D. White, Web Matrices: Structural Properties and Generating Combinatorial Identities, arXiv:1603.01589 [math.CO], 2016.

FORMULA

a(i, p) = Sum_{k=1..[2*i+1+(-1)^(i-1)]/4} [ C(i-1, 2*k-2)*C(i-2*k+5, i-2*k+1)^(p-1) -C(i-1, 2*k-1)*C(i-2*k+4, i-2*k)^(p-1) ]

From Peter Bala, Mar 11 2018: (Start)

The following remarks assume the row and column indices start at 0.

T(n,k) = Sum_{i = 0..k} (-1)^(k-i)*binomial(k,i) * binomial(i+4,4)^n. Equivalently, let v_n denote the sequence (1, 5^n, 15^n, 35^n, ...) regarded as an infinite column vector, where 1, 5, 15, 35, ... is the sequence binomial(n+4,4) - see A000332. Then the n-th row of this table is determined by the matrix product P^(-1)*v_n, where P denotes Pascal's triangle A007318.

Recurrence: T(n+1,k) = C(k+4,4)*T(n,k) + 4*C(k+3,4)*T(n,k-1) + 6*C(k+2,4)*T(n,k-2) + 4*C(k+1,4)*T(n,k-3) + C(k,4)*T(n,k-4) with boundary conditions T(n,0) = 1 for all n and T(n,k) = 0 for k > 4*n.

n-th row polynomial R(n,x) = (1 + x)^4 o (1 + x)^4 o ... o (1 + x)^4 (n factors), where o denotes the black diamond product of power series defined in Dukes and White.

R(n,x) = Sum_{i >= 0} binomial(i+4,4)^n*x^i/(1 + x)^(i+1).

R(n+1,x) = 1/4! * (1 + x)^4 * (d/dx)^4(x^4*R(n,x)).

(1 - x)^(4*n)*R(n,x/(1 - x)) appears to equal the n-th row polynomial of A236463. (End)

EXAMPLE

Row 3 contains 1,24,176,...,70, so Sum_{i=1..n} C(i+3,4)^3 = 5 * C(n+4,5) * [ a(1,3)/5 + a(2,3)*C(n-1,1)/6 + a(3,3)*C(n-1,2)/7 + ... + a(9,3)*C(n-1,8)/13 ] = 5 * C(n+4,5) * [ 1/5 + 24*C(n-1,1)/6 + 176*C(n-1,2)/7 + ... + 70*C(n-1,8)/13 ]. Cf. A086024 for more details.

From Peter Bala, Mar 11 2018: (Start)

Table begins

  n = 0 | 1

  n = 1 | 1   4    6     4      1

  n = 2 | 1  24  176   624   1251   1500    1070  420  70

  n = 3 | 1 124 3126 33124 191251 681000 1596120 ...

  ...

Row 2: C(i+4,4)^2 = C(i,0) + 24*C(i,1) + 176*C(i,2) + 624*C(i,3) + 1251*C(i,4) + 1500*C(i,5) + 1070*C(i,6) + 420*C(i,7) + 70*C(i,8). Hence, Sum_{i = 0..n-1} C(i+4,4)^2 =  C(n,1) + 24*C(n,2) + 176*C(n,3) + 624*C(n,4) + 1251*C(n,5) + 1500*C(n,6) + 1070*C(n,7) + 420*C(n,8) + 70*C(n,9) .(End)

MAPLE

seq(seq(add( (-1)^(k-i)*binomial(k, i)*binomial(i+4, 4)^n, i = 0..k), k = 0..4*n), n = 0..6); # Peter Bala, Mar 11 2018

MATHEMATICA

a[i_, p_] := Sum[Binomial[i - 1, 2*k - 2]*Binomial[i - 2*k + 5, i - 2*k + 1]^(p - 1) - Binomial[i - 1, 2*k - 1]*Binomial[i - 2*k + 4, i - 2*k]^(p - 1), {k, 1, (2*i + 1 + (-1)^(i - 1))/4}]; Table[If[p == 1, 1, a[i, p]], {p, 1, 10}, {i, 1, 4*p - 3}]//Flatten (* G. C. Greubel, Nov 23 2017 *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(i, p) = sum(k=1, (2*i + 1 + (-1)^(i - 1))/4, binomial(i - 1, 2*k - 2)*binomial(i - 2*k + 5, i - 2*k + 1)^(p - 1) - binomial(i - 1, 2*k - 1)*binomial(i - 2*k + 4, i - 2*k)^(p - 1))}; for(p=1, 8, for(i=1, 4*p-3, print1(if(p==1, 1, a(i, p)), ", "))) \\ G. C. Greubel, Nov 23 2017

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000292, A024166, A087127, A024166, A085438, A085439, A085440, A085441, A085442, A087107, A000332, A086020, A086021, A086022, A000389, A086023, A086024, A087109, A000579, A086025, A086026, A087110, A000580, A086027, A086028, A087111, A027555, A086029, A086030.

Cf. A087127, A236463.

Sequence in context: A279445 A217285 A212635 * A021687 A063422 A261638

Adjacent sequences:  A087105 A087106 A087107 * A087109 A087110 A087111

KEYWORD

easy,nonn,tabf

AUTHOR

André F. Labossière, Aug 11 2003

EXTENSIONS

Edited by Dean Hickerson, Aug 16 2003

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 7 13:36 EDT 2020. Contains 333305 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)