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A304031 Number of ways to write 2*n as p + 2^k + 5^m with p prime and 2^k + 5^m a product of at most three distinct primes, where k and m are nonnegative integers. 6
0, 1, 1, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 3, 5, 4, 4, 3, 4, 5, 7, 4, 7, 4, 8, 7, 6, 7, 6, 5, 5, 5, 7, 5, 8, 5, 5, 8, 6, 9, 9, 6, 8, 6, 6, 7, 8, 4, 7, 8, 7, 3, 10, 6, 7, 8, 7, 7, 9, 5, 8, 7, 6, 5, 5, 6, 3, 11, 7, 9, 12, 8, 12, 10, 11, 11, 9, 7, 9, 7, 8, 8, 11, 7, 11, 8, 9, 15, 11, 8, 9, 8, 9 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,4

COMMENTS

a(n) > 0 for all 1 < n <= 10^10 with the only exception n = 3114603841, and 2*3114603841 = 6219442049 + 2^3 + 5^10 with 6219442049 prime and 2^3 + 5^10 = 3*17*419*457 squarefree.

Note that a(n) <= A303934(n) <= A303821(n).

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Zhi-Wei Sun, Mixed sums of primes and other terms, in: Additive Number Theory (edited by D. Chudnovsky and G. Chudnovsky), pp. 341-353, Springer, New York, 2010.

Zhi-Wei Sun, Conjectures on representations involving primes, in: M. Nathanson (ed.), Combinatorial and Additive Number Theory II, Springer Proc. in Math. & Stat., Vol. 220, Springer, Cham, 2017, pp. 279-310. (See also arXiv:1211.1588 [math.NT], 2012-2017.)

EXAMPLE

a(3) = 1 since 2*3 = 3 + 2^1 + 5^0 with 3 = 2^1 + 5^0  prime.

a(7) = 2 since 2*7 = 7 + 2^1 + 5^1 with 7 = 2^1 + 5^1 prime, and 2*7 = 11 + 2^1 + 5^0 with 11 and 2^1 + 5^0 both prime.

a(42908) = 2 since 2*42908 = 85751 + 2^6 + 5^0 with 85751 prime and 2^6 + 5^0 = 5*13, and 2*42908 = 69431 + 2^14 + 5^0 with 69431 prime and 2^14 + 5^0 = 5*29*113.

MATHEMATICA

qq[n_]:=qq[n]=SquareFreeQ[n]&&Length[FactorInteger[n]]<=3;

tab={}; Do[r=0; Do[If[qq[2^k+5^m]&&PrimeQ[2n-2^k-5^m], r=r+1], {k, 0, Log[2, 2n-1]}, {m, 0, Log[5, 2n-2^k]}]; tab=Append[tab, r], {n, 1, 90}]; Print[tab]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000040, A000079, A000351, A005117, A118955, A156695, A273812, A302982, A302984, A303233, A303234, A303338, A303363, A303389, A303393, A303399, A303428, A303401, A303432, A303434, A303539, A303540, A303541, A303543, A303601, A303637, A303639, A303656, A303660, A303702, A303821, A303932, A303934, A303949, A304032, A304081.

Sequence in context: A075788 A324080 A303934 * A162235 A113780 A007515

Adjacent sequences:  A304028 A304029 A304030 * A304032 A304033 A304034

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, May 04 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 4 05:34 EDT 2020. Contains 333212 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)