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A303399 Number of ordered pairs (a, b) with 0 <= a <= b such that n - 5^a - 5^b can be written as the sum of two triangular numbers. 27
0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 1, 4, 3, 3, 2, 5, 4, 4, 4, 3, 3, 4, 4, 3, 4, 4, 4, 3, 2, 4, 3, 3, 3, 5, 2, 4, 5, 4, 4, 4, 4, 3, 5, 3, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 3, 3, 5, 4, 5, 3, 3, 5, 5, 2, 4, 6, 3, 3, 4, 4, 3 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,6

COMMENTS

Conjecture: a(n) > 0 for all n > 1.

This is equivalent to the author's conjecture in A303389. It has been verified that a(n) > 0 for all n = 2..6*10^9.

Note that a nonnegative integer m is the sum of two triangular numbers if and only if 4*m + 1 can be written as the sum of two squares.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Zhi-Wei Sun, Refining Lagrange's four-square theorem, J. Number Theory 175(2017), 167-190.

Zhi-Wei Sun, New conjectures on representations of integers (I), Nanjing Univ. J. Math. Biquarterly 34(2017), no. 2, 97-120.

Zhi-Wei Sun, Restricted sums of four squares, arXiv:1701.05868 [math.NT], 2017-2018.

EXAMPLE

a(6) = 2 with 6 - 5^0 - 5^0 = 1*(1+1)/2 + 2*(2+1)/2 and 6 - 5^0 - 5^1 = 0*(0+1)/2 + 0*(0+1)/2.

a(7) = 1 with 7 - 5^0 - 5^1 = 0*(0+1)/2 + 1*(1+1)/2.

a(25) = 1 with 25 - 5^1 - 5^1 = 0*(0+1)/2 + 5*(5+1)/2.

MATHEMATICA

f[n_]:=f[n]=FactorInteger[n];

g[n_]:=g[n]=Sum[Boole[Mod[Part[Part[f[n], i], 1], 4]==3&&Mod[Part[Part[f[n], i], 2], 2]==1], {i, 1, Length[f[n]]}]==0;

QQ[n_]:=QQ[n]=(n==0)||(n>0&&g[n]);

tab={}; Do[r=0; Do[If[QQ[4(n-5^j-5^k)+1], r=r+1], {j, 0, Log[5, n/2]}, {k, j, Log[5, n-5^j]}]; tab=Append[tab, r], {n, 1, 80}]; Print[tab]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000217, A000351, A271518, A273812, A281976, A299924, A300219, A300441, A301376, A301391, A301471, A301472, A302920, A302981, A302982, A302983, A302984, A302985, A303233, A303234, A303235, A303338, A303363, A303389, A303393.

Sequence in context: A290086 A129363 A308342 * A053597 A230197 A094570

Adjacent sequences:  A303396 A303397 A303398 * A303400 A303401 A303402

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, Apr 23 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 8 09:44 EDT 2020. Contains 333313 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)