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A329332 Table of powers of squarefree numbers, powers of A019565(n) in increasing order in row n. Square array A(n,k) n >= 0, k >= 0 read by descending antidiagonals. 23
1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 4, 3, 1, 1, 8, 9, 6, 1, 1, 16, 27, 36, 5, 1, 1, 32, 81, 216, 25, 10, 1, 1, 64, 243, 1296, 125, 100, 15, 1, 1, 128, 729, 7776, 625, 1000, 225, 30, 1, 1, 256, 2187, 46656, 3125, 10000, 3375, 900, 7, 1, 1, 512, 6561, 279936, 15625, 100000, 50625, 27000, 49, 14 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,5

COMMENTS

The A019565 row order gives the table neat relationships with A003961, A003987, A059897, A225546, A319075 and A329050. See the formula section.

Transposition of this table, that is reflection about its main diagonal, has subtle symmetries. For example, consider the unique factorization of a number into powers of distinct primes. This can be restated as factorization into numbers from rows 2^n (n >= 0) with no more than one from each row. Reflecting about the main diagonal, this factorization becomes factorization (of a related number) into numbers from columns 2^k (k >= 0) with no more than one from each column. This is also unique and is factorization into powers of squarefree numbers with distinct exponents that are powers of two. See the example section.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..64.

FORMULA

A(n,k) = A019565(n)^k.

A(k,n) = A225546(A(n,k)).

A(n,2k) = A000290(A(n,k)) = A(n,k)^2.

A(2n,k) = A003961(A(n,k)).

A(n,2k+1) = A(n,2k) * A(n,1).

A(2n+1,k) = A(2n,k) * A(1,k).

A(A003987(n,m), k) = A059897(A(n,k), A(m,k)).

A(n, A003987(m,k)) = A059897(A(n,m), A(n,k)).

A(2^n,k) = A319075(k,n+1).

A(2^n, 2^k) = A329050(n,k).

A(n,k) = A297845(A(n,1), A(1,k)) = A306697(A(n,1), A(1,k)), = A329329(A(n,1), A(1,k)).

EXAMPLE

Square array A(n,k) begins:

n\k |  0   1     2      3        4          5           6             7

----+------------------------------------------------------------------

   0|  1   1     1      1        1          1           1             1

   1|  1   2     4      8       16         32          64           128

   2|  1   3     9     27       81        243         729          2187

   3|  1   6    36    216     1296       7776       46656        279936

   4|  1   5    25    125      625       3125       15625         78125

   5|  1  10   100   1000    10000     100000     1000000      10000000

   6|  1  15   225   3375    50625     759375    11390625     170859375

   7|  1  30   900  27000   810000   24300000   729000000   21870000000

   8|  1   7    49    343     2401      16807      117649        823543

   9|  1  14   196   2744    38416     537824     7529536     105413504

  10|  1  21   441   9261   194481    4084101    85766121    1801088541

  11|  1  42  1764  74088  3111696  130691232  5489031744  230539333248

  12|  1  35  1225  42875  1500625   52521875  1838265625   64339296875

Reflection of factorization about the main diagonal: (Start)

The canonical (prime power) factorization of 864 is 2^5 * 3^3 = 32 * 27. Reflecting the factors about the main diagonal of the table gives us 10 * 36 = 10^1 * 6^2 = 360. This is the unique factorization of 360 into powers of squarefree numbers with distinct exponents that are powers of two.

Reflection about the main diagonal is given by the self-inverse function A225546(.). Clearly, all positive integers are in the domain of A225546, whether or not they appear in the table. It is valid to start from 360, observe that A225546(360) = 864, then use 864 to derive 360's factorization into appropriate powers of squarefree numbers as above.

(End)

CROSSREFS

The range of values is A072774.

Rows (abbreviated list): A000079(1), A000244(2), A000400(3), A000351(4), A011557(5), A001024(6), A009974(7), A000420(8), A001023(9), A009965(10), A001020(16), A001022(32), A001026(64).

A019565 is column 1, and columns that are sorted in increasing order (some without the 1) are: A005117(1), A062503(2), A062838(3), A113849(4), A113850(5), A113851(6), A113852(7).

Other subtables: A182944, A319075, A329050.

Re-ordered subtable of A297845, A306697, A329329.

A000290, A003961, A003987, A059897 and A225546 are used to express relationships between terms of this sequence.

Cf. A285322.

Sequence in context: A009998 A113993 A103323 * A092056 A103574 A112682

Adjacent sequences:  A329329 A329330 A329331 * A329333 A329334 A329335

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Peter Munn, Nov 10 2019

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 10 04:58 EDT 2021. Contains 343748 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)