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A003987 Table of n XOR m (or Nim-sum of n and m) read by antidiagonals with m>=0, n>=0. 203
0, 1, 1, 2, 0, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 2, 0, 2, 4, 5, 5, 1, 1, 5, 5, 6, 4, 6, 0, 6, 4, 6, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 8, 6, 4, 6, 0, 6, 4, 6, 8, 9, 9, 5, 5, 1, 1, 5, 5, 9, 9, 10, 8, 10, 4, 2, 0, 2, 4, 10, 8, 10, 11, 11, 11, 11, 3, 3, 3, 3, 11, 11, 11, 11, 12, 10, 8, 10, 12, 2, 0, 2, 12, 10, 8, 10, 12, 13, 13, 9, 9, 13, 13, 1, 1, 13, 13, 9, 9, 13, 13 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,4
COMMENTS
Another way to construct the array: construct an infinite square matrix starting in the top left corner using the rule that each entry is the smallest nonnegative number that is not in the row to your left or in the column above you.
After a few moves the [symmetric] matrix looks like this:
0 1 2 3 4 5 ...
1 0 3 2 5 ...
2 3 0 1 ?
3 2 1
4 5 ?
5
The ? is then replaced with a 6.
REFERENCES
E. R. Berlekamp, J. H. Conway and R. K. Guy, Winning Ways, Academic Press, NY, 2 vols., 1982, see p. 60.
J. H. Conway, On Numbers and Games. Academic Press, NY, 1976, pp. 51-53.
Eric Friedman, Scott M. Garrabrant, Ilona K. Phipps-Morgan, A. S. Landsberg and Urban Larsson, Geometric analysis of a generalized Wythoff game, in Games of no Chance 5, MSRI publ. Cambridge University Press, date?
D. Gale, Tracking the Automatic Ant and Other Mathematical Explorations, A Collection of Mathematical Entertainments Columns from The Mathematical Intelligencer, Springer, 1998; see p. 190. [From N. J. A. Sloane, Jul 14 2009]
R. K. Guy, Impartial games, pp. 35-55 of Combinatorial Games, ed. R. K. Guy, Proc. Sympos. Appl. Math., 43, Amer. Math. Soc., 1991.
LINKS
J.-P. Allouche and J. Shallit, The Ring of k-regular Sequences, II, Theoret. Computer Sci., 307 (2003), 3-29.
Rémy Sigrist, Colored representation of T(x,y) for x = 0..1023 and y = 0..1023 (where the hue is function of T(x,y) and black pixels correspond to zeros)
N. J. A. Sloane, My favorite integer sequences, in Sequences and their Applications (Proceedings of SETA '98).
N. J. A. Sloane, The OEIS: A Fingerprint File for Mathematics, arXiv:2105.05111 [math.HO], 2021. Mentions this sequence.
FORMULA
T(2i,2j) = 2T(i,j), T(2i+1,2j) = 2T(i,j) + 1.
EXAMPLE
Table begins
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, ...
1, 0, 3, 2, 5, 4, 7, 6, 9, 8, 11, 10, ...
2, 3, 0, 1, 6, 7, 4, 5, 10, 11, 8, ...
3, 2, 1, 0, 7, 6, 5, 4, 11, 10, ...
4, 5, 6, 7, 0, 1, 2, 3, 12, ...
5, 4, 7, 6, 1, 0, 3, 2, ...
6, 7, 4, 5, 2, 3, 0, ...
7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, ...
8, 9, 10, 11, 12, ...
9, 8, 11, 10, ...
10, 11, 8, ...
11, 10, ...
12, ...
...
The first few antidiagonals are
0;
1, 1;
2, 0, 2;
3, 3, 3, 3;
4, 2, 0, 2, 4;
5, 5, 1, 1, 5, 5;
6, 4, 6, 0, 6, 4, 6;
7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7;
8, 6, 4, 6, 0, 6, 4, 6, 8;
9, 9, 5, 5, 1, 1, 5, 5, 9, 9;
10, 8, 10, 4, 2, 0, 2, 4, 10, 8, 10;
11, 11, 11, 11, 3, 3, 3, 3, 11, 11, 11, 11;
12, 10, 8, 10, 12, 2, 0, 2, 12, 10, 8, 10, 12;
...
[Symmetric] matrix in base 2:
0 1 10 11 100 101, 110 111 1000 1001 1010 1011 ...
1 0 11 10 101 100, 111 110 1001 1000 1011 ...
10 11 0 1 110 111, 100 101 1010 1011 ...
11 10 1 0 111 110, 101 100 1011 ...
100 101 110 111 0 1 10 11 ...
101 100 111 110 1 0 11 ...
110 111 100 101 10 11 ...
111 110 101 100 11 ...
1000 1001 1010 1011 ...
1001 1000 1011 ...
1010 1011 ...
1011 ...
...
MAPLE
nimsum := proc(a, b) local t1, t2, t3, t4, l; t1 := convert(a+2^20, base, 2); t2 := convert(b+2^20, base, 2); t3 := evalm(t1+t2); map(x->x mod 2, t3); t4 := convert(evalm(%), list); l := convert(t4, base, 2, 10); sum(l[k]*10^(k-1), k=1..nops(l)); end; # memo: adjust 2^20 to be much bigger than a and b
AT := array(0..N, 0..N); for a from 0 to N do for b from a to N do AT[a, b] := nimsum(a, b); AT[b, a] := AT[a, b]; od: od:
# alternative:
read("transforms") :
A003987 := proc(n, m)
XORnos(n, m) ;
end proc: # R. J. Mathar, Apr 17 2013
seq(seq(Bits:-Xor(k, m-k), k=0..m), m=0..20); # Robert Israel, Dec 31 2015
MATHEMATICA
Flatten[Table[BitXor[b, a - b], {a, 0, 10}, {b, 0, a}]] (* BitXor and Nim Sum are equivalent *)
PROG
(PARI) tabl(nn) = {for(n=0, nn, for(k=0, n, print1(bitxor(k, n - k), ", "); ); print(); ); };
tabl(13) \\ Indranil Ghosh, Mar 31 2017
(Python)
for n in range(14):
print([k^(n - k) for k in range(n + 1)]) # Indranil Ghosh, Mar 31 2017
CROSSREFS
Initial rows are A001477, A004442, A004443, A004444, etc. Cf. A051775, A051776.
Cf. A003986 (OR), A004198 (AND), A221146 (carries).
Antidiagonal sums are in A006582.
Sequence in context: A185815 A332448 A321132 * A307302 A307297 A307301
KEYWORD
tabl,nonn,nice,look
AUTHOR
STATUS
approved

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Last modified May 25 07:15 EDT 2024. Contains 372782 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)