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 A108716 a(n) = tan(Pi/14)^(-2n) + tan(3*Pi/14)^(-2n) + tan(5*Pi/14)^(-2n). 20
 3, 21, 371, 7077, 135779, 2606261, 50028755, 960335173, 18434276035, 353858266965, 6792546291251, 130387472704741, 2502874814474531, 48044357383337973, 922243598852422035, 17703083191185355397 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,1 COMMENTS The Berndt-type sequence number 11 for the argument 2*Pi/7 defined by the relation a(n) = t(1)^(2*n) + t(2)^(2*n) + t(4)^(2*n) = (-sqrt(7) + 4*s(1))^(2*n) + (-sqrt(7) + 4*s(2))^(2*n) + (-sqrt(7) + 4*s(4))^(2*n), where t(j) = tan(2*Pi*j/7) and s(j) = sin(2*Pi*j/7) (the respective sum with odd powers are discussed in A215794). See also A215007, A215008, A215143, A215493, A215494, A215510, A215512, A215694, A215695, A215828 and especially A215575, where a(n) = B(2n) for the function B(n) defined in the comments. - Roman Witula, Aug 23 2012 The sequence a(n+1)/a(n) is increasing and convergent to (t(2))^2 = 19,195669... (we note that the sequence A215794(n+1)/A215794(n) is decreasing and converges to the same limit). - Roman Witula, Aug 24 2012 Let L(p) be the total length of all sides and diagonals of a regular p-sided polygon inscribed in a unit circle. Then (L(p)/p)^2 = cot(Pi/(2p))^2 is the largest root of the equation: C(p,k)-C(p,2+k)*x+C(p,4+k)*x^2-C(p,6+k)*x^3+ ... +(-1)^q*x^q = 0, where k=1 if p is odd, k=0 if p is even, q = floor(p/2), and where C denotes the binomial coefficient. The complete set of roots is: x(i) = cot((2*i-1)*Pi/(2p))^2, i=1,2,...,q. Then a(n) = x(1)^n+x(2)^n+...x(q)^n for p=7. - Seppo Mustonen, Mar 25 2014 Sum_{k=1..(m-1)/2)} tan^(2n) (k*Pi/m) is an integer when m >= 3 is an odd integer (see AMM link and formula); this sequence is the particular case m = 7. All terms are odd. - Bernard Schott, Apr 22 2022 LINKS Robert Israel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..700 Michel Bataille and Li Zhou, A Combinatorial Sum Goes on Tangent, The American Mathematical Monthly, Vol. 112, No. 7 (Aug. - Sep., 2005), Problem 11044, pp. 657-659. Seppo Mustonen, Lengths of edges and diagonals and sums of them in regular polygons as roots of algebraic equations (2013). Seppo Mustonen, Lengths of edges and diagonals and sums of them in regular polygons as roots of algebraic equations [Local copy] Roman Witula, Ramanujan Type Trigonometric Formulas: The General Form for the Argument 2Pi/7, J. Integer Seq., 12 (2009), Article 09.8.5. Roman Witula and Damian Slota, New Ramanujan-Type Formulas and Quasi-Fibonacci Numbers of Order 7, Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 10 (2007), Article 07.5.6 Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (21,-35,7). FORMULA a(n) = 7^n*A(2n), where A(n) := A(n-1) + A(n-2) + A(n-3)/7, with A(0)=3, A(1)=1, and A(2)=3. - see Witula-Slota's (Section 6) and Witula's (Remark 11) papers for the proofs and details. In these papers A(n) denotes the value of the big omega function with index n for the argument 2*i/sqrt(7) (see also A215512). - Roman Witula, Aug 23 2012 Conjecture: a(n) = 21*a(n-1)-35*a(n-2)+7*a(n-3). G.f.: -(35*x^2-42*x+3) / (7*x^3-35*x^2+21*x-1). - Colin Barker, Jun 01 2013 To verify conjecture, note that the roots of 7*x^3-35*x^2+21*x-1 are tan(Pi/14)^2, tan(3*Pi/14)^2 and tan(5*Pi/14)^2. - Robert Israel, Aug 23 2015 E.g.f.: exp((tan(Pi/7))^2*x) + exp((cot(Pi/14))^2*x) + exp((cot(3*Pi/14))^2*x). - G. C. Greubel, Aug 22 2015 a(n) = A275195(2*n)/(7^n). - Kai Wang, Aug 02 2016 a(n) = (tan(1*Pi/7))^(2*n) + (tan(2*Pi/7))^(2*n) + (tan(3*Pi/7))^(2*n). - Bernard Schott, Apr 22 2022 MAPLE A:= gfun:-rectoproc({-a(n+3)+21*a(n+2)-35*a(n+1)+7*a(n), a(0) = 3, a(1) = 21, a(2) = 371}, a(n), remember): seq(A(n), n=0..20); # Robert Israel, Aug 23 2015 MATHEMATICA Table[ Round[ Cot[Pi/14]^(2n) + Cot[3Pi/14]^(2n) + Cot[5Pi/14]^(2n)], {n, 0, 12}] (* Robert G. Wilson v, Jun 21 2005 *) RecurrenceTable[{a[0]== 3, a[1]== 21, a[2]==371, a[n]== 21*a[n-1] - 35*a[n-2] + 7*a[n-3]}, a, {n, 30}] (* G. C. Greubel, Aug 22 2015 *) PROG (PARI) a(n)=round(tan(Pi/14)^(-2*n) + tan(3*Pi/14)^(-2*n) + tan(5*Pi/14)^(-2*n)); \\ Anders Hellström, Aug 22 2015 CROSSREFS Similar to: A000244 (m=3), 2*A165225 (m=5), this sequence (m=7), A353410 (m=9), A275546 (m=11), A353411 (m=13). Sequence in context: A361056 A101389 A353321 * A358950 A271570 A084620 Adjacent sequences: A108713 A108714 A108715 * A108717 A108718 A108719 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR Philippe Deléham, Jun 20 2005 EXTENSIONS More terms from Robert G. Wilson v, Jun 21 2005 STATUS approved

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Last modified September 22 07:45 EDT 2023. Contains 365519 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)