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 A215512 a(n) = 5*a(n-1) - 6*a(n-2) + a(n-3), with a(0)=1, a(1)=3, a(2)=8. 11
 1, 3, 8, 23, 70, 220, 703, 2265, 7327, 23748, 77043, 250054, 811760, 2635519, 8557089, 27784091, 90213440, 292919743, 951102166, 3088205812, 10027335807, 32558546329, 105716922615, 343260670908, 1114560365179, 3618954723062, 11750672095144, 38154192502527 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,2 COMMENTS The Berndt-type sequence number 7 for the argument 2Pi/7 defined by the relation: sqrt(7)*a(n) = s(1)*c(4)^(2*n) + s(2)*c(1)^(2*n) + s(4)*c(2)^(2*n), where c(j):=2*cos(2*Pi*j/7) and s(j):=2*sin(2*Pi*j/7). If we additionally defined the following sequences: sqrt(7)*b(n) = s(2)*c(4)^(2*n) + s(4)*c(1)^(2*n) + s(1)*c(2)^(2*n), sqrt(7)*c(n) = s(4)*c(4)^(2*n) + s(1)*c(1)^(2*n) + s(2)*c(2)^(2*n), and sqrt(7)*a1(n) = s(1)*c(4)^(2*n+1) + s(2)*c(1)^(2*n+1) + s(4)*c(2)^(2*n+1), sqrt(7)*b1(n) = s(2)*c(4)^(2*n+1) + s(4)*c(1)^(2*n+1) + s(1)*c(2)^(2*n+1), sqrt(7)*c1(n) = s(4)*c(4)^(2*n+1) + s(1)*c(1)^(2*n+1) + s(2)*c(2)^(2*n+1), then the following simple relationships between elements of these sequences hold true: a(n)=c1(n), c(n+1)=a1(n), -a(n)-b(n)=b1(n), which means that the sequences a1(n), b1(n), and c1(n) are completely and in very simple way determined by the sequences a(n), b(n) and c(n). However the last one's satisfy the following system of recurrence equations: a(n+1) = 2*a(n) + b(n), b(n+1) = a(n) + 2*b(n) - c(n), c(n+1) = c(n) - b(n). We have b(n)=A215694(n) and c(n)=A215695(n). We note that a(n)=A000782(n) for every n=0,1,...,4 and A000782(5)-a(5)=2. From general recurrence relation: a(n) = 5*a(n-1) - 6*a(n-2) + a(n-3), i.e. a(n) = 5*(a(n-1)-a(n-2)) + (a(n-3)-a(n-2)) the following summation formula can be easily obtained: sum{k=3,..,n} a(k) = 5*a(n-1)-a(n-2)+a(0)-5*a(1). Hence in discussed sequence it follows that: sum{k=3,..,n} a(k) = 5*a(n-1) - a(n-2) - 14. LINKS G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000 Roman Witula and Damian Slota, New Ramanujan-Type Formulas and Quasi-Fibonacci Numbers of Order 7, Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 10 (2007), Article 07.5.6 Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (5, -6, 1). FORMULA G.f.: (1-2*x-x^2)/(1-5*x+6*x^2-x^3). EXAMPLE We have a(6) = 10*a(4)+a(1), a(5) = 11*(a(3)-a(1)), a(10)-a(4)+a(3)+a(1)+a(0) = 77*10^3, and a(11)-a(4)+a(3)-a(2)+a(0) = 25*10^4 = (5^6)*(2^4). MATHEMATICA LinearRecurrence[{5, -6, 1}, {1, 3, 8}, 50] PROG (PARI) x='x+O('x^30); Vec((1-2*x-x^2)/(1-5*x+6*x^2-x^3)) \\ G. C. Greubel, Apr 23 2018 (Magma) I:=[1, 3, 8]; [n le 3 select I[n] else 5*Self(n-1) - 6*Self(n-2) + Self(n-3): n in [1..30]]; // G. C. Greubel, Apr 23 2018 CROSSREFS Cf.A215694, A215695, A215007, A215008, A215143, A215493, A215494, A215510, A215575, A215455, A214683, A214699. Sequence in context: A005960 A273716 A184120 * A061557 A000782 A148775 Adjacent sequences: A215509 A215510 A215511 * A215513 A215514 A215515 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR Roman Witula, Aug 14 2012 STATUS approved

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Last modified November 30 17:58 EST 2023. Contains 367461 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)