The OEIS mourns the passing of Jim Simons and is grateful to the Simons Foundation for its support of research in many branches of science, including the OEIS.
login
The OEIS is supported by the many generous donors to the OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo
Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A070071 a(n) = n*B(n), where B(n) are the Bell numbers, A000110. 13
0, 1, 4, 15, 60, 260, 1218, 6139, 33120, 190323, 1159750, 7464270, 50563164, 359377681, 2672590508, 20744378175, 167682274352, 1408702786668, 12277382510862, 110822101896083, 1034483164707440, 9972266139291771, 99147746245841106, 1015496134666939958 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,3
COMMENTS
a(n) is the total number of successions among all partitions of {1,2,...,n+1}; a succession is a pair (i,i+1) of consecutive integers lying in a block. For example, a(3)=15 because {1,2,3,4} has 6 partitions with 1 succession - 1/2/34, 1/23/4, 12/3/4, 14/23, 134/2, 124/3, 3 partitions with 2 successions - 1/234, 123/4, 12/34 and 1 partition with 3 successions - 1234. Thus a(3) = 6*1 + 3*2 + 1*3 = 15. - Augustine O. Munagi, Jul 01 2008
a(n) is the number of occurrences of integers in a list of all partitions of the set {1,...,n}. For example, the list 123, 1/23, 2/13, 3/12, 1/2/3 of all partitions of the set {1,2,3} requires 15 occurrences of integers each belonging to that set. [From Michael Hardy (hardy(AT)math.umn.edu), Nov 08 2008]
The bijection between the two foregoing characterizations is as follows: Fix x in {1,2,...,n} and associate x with the succession (x,x+1) which appears in some partitions of {1,2,...,n+1}. Replace x,x+1 by x and partition the n-set {1,2,...,x,x+2,...,n+1}, giving B(n) partitions. Thus the succession (x,x+1) occurs among partitions of {1,2,...,n+1} exactly B(n) times. - Augustine O. Munagi, Jun 02 2010
LINKS
Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..574 (terms n=0..200 from Vincenzo Librandi)
Augustine O. Munagi, Extended set partitions with successions, European J. Combin. 29(5) (2008), 1298--1308.
FORMULA
E.g.f: x*exp(x)*exp(exp(x)-1).
Sum_{k=1..n} n*binomial(n-1, k-1)*Bell(n-k), n >= 2. - Zerinvary Lajos, Nov 22 2006
a(n) ~ n^(n+1) * exp(n/LambertW(n)-1-n) / (sqrt(1+LambertW(n)) * LambertW(n)^n). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Mar 13 2014
a(n) = Sum_{k=1..n} k * A175757(n,k). - Alois P. Heinz, Mar 03 2020
a(n) = Sum_{j=0..n} n * Stirling2(n,j). - Detlef Meya, Apr 11 2024
MAPLE
with(combinat): a:=n->sum(numbcomb (n, 0)*bell(n), j=1..n): seq(a(n), n=0..21); # Zerinvary Lajos, Apr 25 2007
with(combinat): a:=n->sum(bell(n), j=1..n): seq(a(n), n=0..21); # Zerinvary Lajos, Apr 25 2007
a:=n->sum(sum(Stirling2(n, k), j=1..n), k=1..n): seq(a(n), n=0..21); # Zerinvary Lajos, Jun 28 2007
MATHEMATICA
a[n_] := n!*Coefficient[Series[x E^(E^x+x-1), {x, 0, n}], x, n]
Table[Sum[BellB[n, 1], {i, 1, n}], {n, 0, 21}] (* Zerinvary Lajos, Jul 16 2009 *)
Table[n*BellB[n], {n, 0, 20}] (* Vaclav Kotesovec, Mar 13 2014 *)
PROG
(PARI) a(n)=local(t); if(n<0, 0, t=exp(x+O(x^n)); n!*polcoeff(x*t*exp(t-1), n))
(Sage) [bell_number(n)*n for n in range(22) ] # Zerinvary Lajos, Mar 14 2009
(Magma) [n*Bell(n): n in [0..25]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Mar 15 2014
CROSSREFS
Sequence in context: A291244 A290910 A369838 * A285363 A356942 A151484
KEYWORD
nonn
AUTHOR
Karol A. Penson, Apr 19 2002
STATUS
approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recents
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified May 24 16:18 EDT 2024. Contains 372778 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)