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A049458 Generalized Stirling number triangle of first kind. 11
1, -3, 1, 12, -7, 1, -60, 47, -12, 1, 360, -342, 119, -18, 1, -2520, 2754, -1175, 245, -25, 1, 20160, -24552, 12154, -3135, 445, -33, 1, -181440, 241128, -133938, 40369, -7140, 742, -42, 1, 1814400, -2592720, 1580508, -537628 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

a(n,m)= ^3P_n^m in the notation of the given reference with a(0,0) := 1. The monic row polynomials s(n,x) := sum(a(n,m)*x^m,m=0..n) which are s(n,x)= product(x-(3+k),k=0..n-1), n >= 1 and s(0,x)=1 satisfy s(n,x+y) = sum(binomial(n,k)*s(k,x)*S1(n-k,y),k=0..n), with the Stirling1 polynomials S1(n,x)=sum(A008275(n,m)*x^m, m=1..n) and S1(0,x)=1.

In the umbral calculus (see the S. Roman reference given in A048854) the s(n,x) polynomials are called Sheffer polynomials for (exp(3*t),exp(t)-1).

See A143492 for the unsigned version of this array and A143495 for the inverse. - Peter Bala, Aug 25 2008

REFERENCES

Mitrinovic, D. S.; Mitrinovic, R. S.; Tableaux d'une classe de nombres relies aux nombres de Stirling. Univ. Beograd. Pubi. Elektrotehn. Fak. Ser. Mat. Fiz. No. 77 1962, 77 pp.

LINKS

Reinhard Zumkeller, Rows n = 0..125 of triangle, flattened

FORMULA

a(n, m)= a(n-1, m-1) - (n+2)*a(n-1, m), n >= m >= 0; a(n, m) := 0, n<m; a(n, -1) := 0, a(0, 0)=1. E.g.f. for m-th column of signed triangle: ((log(1+x))^m)/(m!*(1+x)^3).

Triangle (signed) = [ -3, -1, -4, -2, -5, -3, -6, -4, -7, ...] DELTA [1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, ...]; triangle (unsigned) = [3, 1, 4, 2, 5, 3, 6, 4, 7, 5, ...] DELTA [1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, ...]; where DELTA is Deléham's operator defined in A084938 (unsigned version in A143492).

E.g.f.: (1+y)^(x-3). - Vladeta Jovovic, May 17 2004

If we define f(n,i,a)=sum(binomial(n,k)*stirling1(n-k,i)*product(-a-j,j=0..k-1),k=0..n-i), then T(n,i) = f(n,i,3), for n=1,2,...;i=0...n. - Milan Janjic, Dec 21 2008

EXAMPLE

1;

-3, 1;

12, -7, 1;

-60, 47, -12, 1;

360, -342, 119, -18, 1;

s(2,x) = 12-7*x+x^2. S1(2,x) = -x+x^2 (Stirling1 polynomial).

MAPLE

A049458_row := n -> seq((-1)^(n-k)*coeff(expand(pochhammer(x+3, n)), x, k), k=0..n): seq(print(A049458_row(n)), n=0..8); # Peter Luschny, May 16 2013

MATHEMATICA

t[n_, k_] := (-1)^(n - k)*Coefficient[ Pochhammer[x + 3, n], x, k]; Table[t[n, k], {n, 0, 8}, {k, 0, n}] // Flatten (* Jean-François Alcover, Jul 17 2013, after Peter Luschny *)

PROG

(Haskell)

a049458 n k = a049458_tabl !! n !! k

a049458_row n = a049458_tabl !! n

a049458_tabl = map fst $ iterate (\(row, i) ->

   (zipWith (-) ([0] ++ row) $ map (* i) (row ++ [0]), i + 1)) ([1], 3)

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Mar 11 2014

CROSSREFS

Unsigned column sequences are: A001710-A001714. Row sums (signed triangle): (n+1)!*(-1)^n. Row sums (unsigned triangle): A001715(n+3).

Cf. A000035 A084938.

Cf. A094645, A094646.

A143492, A143495. - Peter Bala, Aug 25 2008

Sequence in context: A135888 A258245 A133366 * A143492 A243662 A062139

Adjacent sequences:  A049455 A049456 A049457 * A049459 A049460 A049461

KEYWORD

sign,easy,tabl

AUTHOR

Wolfdieter Lang

EXTENSIONS

Second formula corrected by Philippe Deléham, Nov 09 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 9 13:50 EST 2019. Contains 329877 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)