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A346865 Sum of divisors of the n-th hexagonal number. 5
1, 12, 24, 56, 78, 144, 112, 360, 234, 360, 384, 672, 434, 960, 720, 992, 864, 1872, 760, 2352, 1344, 1584, 1872, 2880, 1767, 3024, 2160, 4032, 2400, 4320, 1984, 6552, 4032, 3672, 4608, 6552, 2812, 7440, 5376, 7200, 5082, 8064, 4752, 10080, 7020, 8064, 6144 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

The characteristic shape of the symmetric representation of a(n) consists in that in the main diagonal of the diagram the smallest Dyck path has a valley and the largest Dyck path has a peak.

So knowing this characteristic shape we can know if a number is an hexagonal number (or not) just by looking at the diagram, even ignoring the concept of hexagonal number.

Therefore we can see a geometric pattern of the distribution of the hexagonal numbers in the stepped pyramid described in A245092.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..47.

FORMULA

a(n) = A000203(A000384(n)).

Sum_{k=1..n} a(k) ~ 4*n^3/3. - Vaclav Kotesovec, Aug 18 2021

EXAMPLE

a(3) = 24 because the sum of divisors of the third hexagonal number (i.e., 15) is 1 + 3 + 5 + 15 = 24.

On the other hand we can see that in the main diagonal of every diagram the smallest Dyck path has a valley and the largest Dyck path has a peak as shown below.

Illustration of initial terms:

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

  n  H(n)  a(n)  Diagram

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

                 _         _                 _                         _

  1    1    1   |_|       | |               | |                       | |

                          | |               | |                       | |

                       _ _| |               | |                       | |

                      |    _|               | |                       | |

                 _ _ _|  _|                 | |                       | |

  2    6   12   |_ _ _ _|                   | |                       | |

                                            | |                       | |

                                       _ _ _|_|                       | |

                                   _ _| |                             | |

                                  |    _|                             | |

                                 _|  _|                               | |

                                |_ _|                                 | |

                                |                                     | |

                 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _|                            _ _ _ _ _| |

  3   15   24   |_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _|                           |  _ _ _ _ _|

                                                            | |

                                                         _ _| |

                                                     _ _|  _ _|

                                                    |    _|

                                                   _|  _|

                                                  |  _|

                                             _ _ _| |

                                            |  _ _ _|

                                            | |

                                            | |

                                            | |

                 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _| |

  4   28   56   |_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _|

.

Colum H gives the nonzero hexagonal numbers (A000384).

a(n) is also the area (and the number of cells) of the n-th diagram.

For n = 3 the sum of the regions (or parts) of the third diagram is 8 + 8 + 8 = 24, so a(3) = 24.

For more information see A237593.

MATHEMATICA

a[n_] := DivisorSigma[1, n*(2*n - 1)]; Array[a, 50] (* Amiram Eldar, Aug 18 2021 *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n) = sigma(n*(2*n-1)); \\ Michel Marcus, Aug 18 2021

(Python)

from sympy import divisors

def a(n): return sum(divisors(n*(2*n - 1)))

print([a(n) for n in range(1, 48)]) # Michael S. Branicky, Aug 20 2021

CROSSREFS

Bisection of A074285.

Cf. A000203, A000384, A237591, A237593, A245092, A262626, A346864.

Some sequences that gives sum of divisors: A000225 (of powers of 2), A008864 (of prime numbers), A065764 (of squares), A073255 (of composites), A074285 (of triangular numbers, also of generalized hexagonal numbers), A139256 (of perfect numbers), A175926 (of cubes), A224613 (of multiples of 6), A346866 (of second hexagonal numbers), A346867 (of numbers with middle divisors), A346868 (of numbers with no middle divisors).

Sequence in context: A080495 A090776 A247944 * A123980 A097704 A289132

Adjacent sequences:  A346862 A346863 A346864 * A346866 A346867 A346868

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Omar E. Pol, Aug 17 2021

STATUS

approved

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Last modified November 30 11:07 EST 2021. Contains 349419 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)