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 A320746 Number of chiral pairs of color patterns (set partitions) in a cycle of length n using 6 or fewer colors (subsets). 3
 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 6, 34, 190, 996, 5070, 26454, 139484, 749742, 4082481, 22509626, 125231540, 702004040, 3958071545, 22423227634, 127524417922, 727617119592, 4163076477731, 23876455868772, 137228326265794, 790200053665362, 4557942281943078, 26331297198477874, 152331940294133402, 882422871962784662, 5117852332008063806, 29715786649820358328, 172720006045619486686, 1004904748993330281274, 5852047136464153694312 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,6 COMMENTS Two color patterns are equivalent if the colors are permuted. Adnk[d,n,k] in Mathematica program is coefficient of x^k in A(d,n)(x) in Gilbert and Riordan reference. There are nonrecursive formulas, generating functions, and computer programs for A056294 and A305752, which can be used in conjunction with the first formula. LINKS Andrew Howroyd, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..200 E. N. Gilbert and J. Riordan, Symmetry types of periodic sequences, Illinois J. Math., 5 (1961), 657-665. FORMULA a(n) = (A056294(n) - A305752(n)) / 2 = A056294(n) - A056356(n) = A056356(n) - A305752(n). a(n) = Sum_{j=1..k} -Ach(n,j)/2 + (1/2n)*Sum_{d|n} phi(d)*A(d,n/d,j), where k=6 is the maximum number of colors, Ach(n,k) = [n>=0 & n<2 & n==k] + [n>1]*(k*Ach(n-2,k) + Ach(n-2,k-1) + Ach(n-2,k-2)), and A(d,n,k) = [n==0 & k==0] + [n>0 & k>0]*(k*A(d,n-1,k) + Sum_{j|d} A(d,n-1,k-j)). a(n) = A059053(n) + A320643(n) + A320644(n) + A320645(n) + A320646(n). EXAMPLE For a(6)=6, the chiral pairs are AAABBC-AAABCC, AABABC-AABCAC, AABACB-AABCAB, AABACC-AABBAC, AABACD-AABCAD, and AABCBD-AABCDC. MATHEMATICA Adnk[d_, n_, k_] := Adnk[d, n, k] = If[n>0 && k>0, Adnk[d, n-1, k]k + DivisorSum[d, Adnk[d, n-1, k-#]&], Boole[n == 0 && k == 0]] Ach[n_, k_] := Ach[n, k] = If[n<2, Boole[n==k && n>=0], k Ach[n-2, k] + Ach[n-2, k-1] + Ach[n-2, k-2]] (* A304972 *) k=6; Table[Sum[(DivisorSum[n, EulerPhi[#] Adnk[#, n/#, j]&]/n - Ach[n, j])/2, {j, k}], {n, 40}] CROSSREFS Column 6 of A320742. Cf. A056294 (oriented), A056356 (unoriented), A305752 (achiral). Sequence in context: A085351 A125343 A163350 * A320749 A052264 A049608 Adjacent sequences:  A320743 A320744 A320745 * A320747 A320748 A320749 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR Robert A. Russell, Oct 21 2018 STATUS approved

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Last modified July 24 14:27 EDT 2021. Contains 346273 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)