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 A318107 Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) = (3*n - 2*k)!/((n-k)!^3*k!). 4
 1, 6, 1, 90, 24, 1, 1680, 630, 60, 1, 34650, 16800, 2520, 120, 1, 756756, 450450, 92400, 7560, 210, 1, 17153136, 12108096, 3153150, 369600, 18900, 336, 1, 399072960, 325909584, 102918816, 15765750, 1201200, 41580, 504, 1, 9465511770, 8779605120, 3259095840, 617512896, 63063000, 3363360, 83160, 720, 1 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,2 COMMENTS Diagonal of rational function R(x,y,z,t) = 1/(1 - (x + y + z + t*x*y*z)) with respect to x,y,z, i.e., T(n,k) = [(xyz)^n*t^k] R(x,y,z,t). Annihilating differential operator: x*(2*t*x + 1)*((t*x - 1)^3 + 27*x)*Dx^2 + (6*t^4*x^4 - 8*t^3*x^3 - 3*t*(t - 18)*x^2 + 6*(t + 9)*x - 1)*Dx + (t*x - 1)*(t*(2*t^2*x^2 + 2*t*x - 1) - 6). LINKS Gheorghe Coserea, Rows n=0..100, flattened FORMULA Let P_n(t) = Sum_{k=0..n} T(n,k)*t^k. Then A000172(n) = P_n(-4), A318108(n) = P_n(-3), A318109(n) = P_n(-2), A124435(n) = P_n(-1), A006480(n) = P_n(0), A081798(n) = P_n(1). G.f. y = Sum_{n>=0} P_n(t)*x^n satisfies: 0 = x*(2*t*x + 1)*((t*x - 1)^3 + 27*x)*y'' + (6*t^4*x^4 - 8*t^3*x^3 - 3*t*(t - 18)*x^2 + 6*(t + 9)*x - 1)*y' + (t*x - 1)*(t*(2*t^2*x^2 + 2*t*x - 1) - 6)*y. EXAMPLE A(x;t) = 1 + (6 + t)*x + (90 + 24*t + t^2)*x^2 + (1680 + 630*t + 60*t^2 + t^3)*x^3 + ... Triangle starts: n\k [0] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [0] 1; [1] 6, 1; [2] 90, 24, 1; [3] 1680, 630, 60, 1; [4] 34650, 16800, 2520, 120, 1; [5] 756756, 450450, 92400, 7560, 210, 1; [6] 17153136, 12108096, 3153150, 369600, 18900, 336, 1; [7] 399072960, 325909584, 102918816, 15765750, 1201200, 41580, 504, 1; [8] ... PROG (PARI) T(n, k) = (3*n - 2*k)!/((n-k)!^3*k!); concat(vector(10, n, vector(n, k, T(n-1, k-1)))) /* test: P(n, v='t) = subst(Polrev(vector(n+1, k, T(n, k-1)), 't), 't, v); diag(expr, N=22, var=variables(expr)) = { my(a = vector(N)); for (k = 1, #var, expr = taylor(expr, var[#var - k + 1], N)); for (n = 1, N, a[n] = expr; for (k = 1, #var, a[n] = polcoef(a[n], n-1))); return(a); }; apply_diffop(p, s) = { \\ apply diffop p (encoded as Pol in Dx) to Ser s s=intformal(s); sum(n=0, poldegree(p, 'Dx), s=s'; polcoef(p, n, 'Dx) * s); }; \\ diagonal property: x='x; y='y; z='z; t='t; diag(1/(1 - (x+y+z + t*x*y*z)), 11, [x, y, z]) == vector(11, n, P(n-1)) \\ annihilating diffop: y = Ser(vector(101, n, P(n-1)), 'x); p=x*(2*t*x + 1)*((t*x - 1)^3 + 27*x)*Dx^2 + (6*t^4*x^4 - 8*t^3*x^3 - 3*t*(t - 18)*x^2 + 6*(t + 9)*x - 1)*Dx + (t*x - 1)*(t*(2*t^2*x^2 + 2*t*x - 1) - 6); 0 == apply_diffop(p, y) */ CROSSREFS Cf. A000172, A006480, A081798, A124435, A318108, A318109. Sequence in context: A009330 A300512 A343622 * A365908 A331557 A352058 Adjacent sequences: A318104 A318105 A318106 * A318108 A318109 A318110 KEYWORD nonn,tabl AUTHOR Gheorghe Coserea, Sep 18 2018 STATUS approved

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Last modified April 20 09:30 EDT 2024. Contains 371799 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)