

A301891


Number of ways to write 2*n^2 as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with x,y,z,w nonnegative integers such that x + 3*y + 5*z + 15*w is a power of 4.


1



2, 1, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 2, 1, 6, 3, 8, 2, 5, 4, 6, 3, 4, 3, 6, 1, 3, 3, 7, 2, 8, 9, 8, 1, 15, 5, 8, 3, 11, 1, 5, 1, 4, 4, 2, 2, 10, 7, 17, 1, 18, 11, 14, 6, 16, 6, 17, 3, 21, 10, 16, 8, 19, 8, 30, 2, 15, 9, 18, 5, 28, 5, 27, 4, 13, 11, 24, 6, 28, 17, 20, 3
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OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

Conjecture 1: a(n) > 0 for all n > 0, and a(n) = 1 only for n = 4^k*m with k = 0,1,2,... and m = 2, 3, 6, 10, 38.
Conjecture 2: For any positive integer n, we can write 2*n^2 as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with x,y,z,w nonnegative integers such that x + 3*y + 5*z + 15*w is twice a power of 4.


LINKS

ZhiWei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..225
ZhiWei Sun, Refining Lagrange's foursquare theorem, J. Number Theory 175(2017), 167190.
ZhiWei Sun, Restricted sums of four squares, arXiv:1701.05868 [math.NT], 20172018.


EXAMPLE

a(1) = 2 since 2*1^2 = 1^2 + 1^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 with 1 + 3*1 + 5*0 + 15*0 = 4, and 2*1^2 = 1^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 + 1^2 with 1 + 3*0 + 5*0 + 15*1 = 4^2.
a(2) = 1 since 2*2^2 = 0^2 + 2^2 + 2^2 + 0^2 with 0 + 3*2 + 5*2 + 15*0 = 4^2.
a(3) = 1 since 2*3^2 = 1^2 + 1^2 + 0^2 + 4^2 with 1 + 3*1 + 5*0 + 15*4 = 4^3.
a(6) = 1 since 2*6^2 = 0^2 + 8^2 + 2^2 + 2^2 with 0 + 3*8 + 5*2 + 15*2 = 4^3.
a(10) = 1 since 2*10^2 = 10^2 + 8^2 + 6^2 + 0^2 with 10 + 3*8 + 5*6 + 15*0 = 4^3.
a(38) = 1 since 2*38^2 = 34^2 + 34^2 + 24^2 + 0^2 with 34 + 3*34 + 5*24 + 15*0 = 4^4.


MATHEMATICA

SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]];
Pow[n_]:=Pow[n]=IntegerQ[Log[4, n]]
tab={}; Do[r=0; Do[If[SQ[2n^2x^2y^2z^2]&&Pow[x+3y+5z+15*Sqrt[2n^2x^2y^2z^2]], r=r+1], {x, 0, Sqrt[2]n}, {y, 0, Sqrt[2n^2x^2]}, {z, 0, Sqrt[2n^2x^2y^2]}]; tab=Append[tab, r], {n, 1, 80}]; Print[tab]


CROSSREFS

Cf. A000290, A000302, A271518, A281976, A299924, A299537, A299794, A300219, A300362, A300396, A300510, A301376, A301391, A301452, A301471, A301579, A301640.
Sequence in context: A141289 A284271 A241915 * A332089 A177219 A277700
Adjacent sequences: A301888 A301889 A301890 * A301892 A301893 A301894


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

ZhiWei Sun, Mar 28 2018


STATUS

approved



