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A077985 Expansion of 1/(1 + 2*x - x^2). 15
1, -2, 5, -12, 29, -70, 169, -408, 985, -2378, 5741, -13860, 33461, -80782, 195025, -470832, 1136689, -2744210, 6625109, -15994428, 38613965, -93222358, 225058681, -543339720, 1311738121, -3166815962, 7645370045, -18457556052, 44560482149, -107578520350, 259717522849 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,2
COMMENTS
Pisano period lengths: 1, 2, 8, 4, 12, 8, 6, 8, 24, 12, 24, 8, 28, 6, 24, 16, 16, 24, 40, 12, ... (is this A175181?) - R. J. Mathar, Aug 10 2012
The sequence 0, 1, -2, 5, -12, 29, -70, 169, -408, 985, ... with a leading 0 is the Lucas U(-2,-1)-sequence. - R. J. Mathar, Jan 08 2013
a(n) is the irrational part of the Q(sqrt(2)) integer (sqrt(2) - 1)^n = A123335(n) + a(n-1)*sqrt(2), with a(-1) = 0. - Wolfdieter Lang, Dec 07 2014
3^n*a(n-1) = A251733(n), with a(-1) = 0, is the
irrational part of the Q(sqrt(2)) integer giving the length of a variant of Lévy's C-curve at iteration step n. - Wolfdieter Lang, Dec 07 2014
LINKS
M. Janjic, Hessenberg Matrices and Integer Sequences , J. Int. Seq. 13 (2010) # 10.7.8.
Tanya Khovanova, Recursive Sequences
Wikipedia, Lucas sequence
FORMULA
a(n) = (-1)^n * A000129(n+1). - M. F. Hasler, Oct 05 2008
a(0)=1, a(1)=-2, a(n) = -2*a(n-1) + a(n-2) for n>1. - Philippe Deléham, Sep 19 2009
G.f.: 1/(2+Q(0)), where Q(k)= 3*x - 1 + x*k + x*(1-x)*(k+1)/Q(k+1); (continued fraction). - Sergei N. Gladkovskii, May 05 2013
G.f.: Q(0)/(2+2*x), where Q(k)= 1 + 1/(1 - x*(2*k-1)/( x*(2*k+1) + 1/Q(k+1) )); (continued fraction). - Sergei N. Gladkovskii, Aug 10 2013
G.f.: Q(0)/2, where Q(k) = 1 + 1/(1 - x*(4*k+2 - x )/( x*(4*k+4 - x) - 1/Q(k+1) )); (continued fraction). - Sergei N. Gladkovskii, Sep 09 2013
G.f.: 1 / (1 + 2*x / (1 + x / (2 - x))). - Michael Somos, Jan 20 2017
a(n) = (-1)^n * a(-2-n) for all n in Z. - Michael Somos, Jan 20 2017
a(n) = (-(-1-sqrt(2))^(1+n) + (-1+sqrt(2))^(1+n)) / (2*sqrt(2)). - Colin Barker, Jan 21 2017
E.g.f.: exp(-x)*(2*cosh(sqrt(2)*x) - sqrt(2)*sinh(sqrt(2)*x))/2. - Stefano Spezia, Feb 01 2023
EXAMPLE
G.f. = 1 - 2*x + 5*x^2 - 12*x^3 + 29*x^4 - 70*x^5 + 169*x^6 - 408*x^7 + ...
MATHEMATICA
PSE[a_, b_, n_]:=Join[{1, x=a, y=b}, Table[z=Floor[y^2/x+1/2]; x=y; y=z, {n}]]; A077985=PSE[-2, 5, 50] (* Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky, Mar 26 2011 *)
LinearRecurrence[{-2, 1}, {1, -2}, 40] (* Harvey P. Dale, Jun 04 2012 *)
CoefficientList[Series[1/(1 + 2 x/(1 + x/(2 - x))), {x, 0, 30}], x] (* Vincenzo Librandi, Jan 21 2017 *)
PROG
(Sage) taylor( x/(1 + 2*x - x^2) , x, 0, 31) # Zerinvary Lajos, May 29 2009
(PARI) Vec(1/(1+2*x-x^2)+O(x^99)) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Sep 23 2012
(PARI) {a(n) = if( n<-1, (-1)^n*a(-2-n), polcoeff( 1 / (1 + 2*x - x^2) + x * O(x^n), n))}; /* Michael Somos, Jan 20 2017 */
(PARI) {a(n) = - imag((-1 - quadgen(8))^(n+1))}; /* Michael Somos, Jan 20 2017 */
(Magma) I:=[1, -2]; [n le 2 select I[n] else -2*Self(n-1)+Self(n-2): n in [1..35]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Jan 21 2017
CROSSREFS
Essentially the same as A000129, which is the main entry for these numbers.
Sequence in context: A176981 A215936 A000129 * A215928 A054198 A054196
KEYWORD
sign,easy
AUTHOR
N. J. A. Sloane, Nov 17 2002
STATUS
approved

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Last modified July 23 15:54 EDT 2024. Contains 374552 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)