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A048654 a(n) = 2*a(n-1) + a(n-2); a(0)=1, a(1)=4. 30
1, 4, 9, 22, 53, 128, 309, 746, 1801, 4348, 10497, 25342, 61181, 147704, 356589, 860882, 2078353, 5017588, 12113529, 29244646, 70602821, 170450288, 411503397, 993457082, 2398417561, 5790292204 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,2
COMMENTS
Generalized Pellian with second term equal to 4.
The generalized Pellian with second term equal to s has the terms a(n) = A000129(n)*s + A000129(n-1). The generating function is -(1+s*x-2*x)/(-1+2*x+x^2). - R. J. Mathar, Nov 22 2007
LINKS
Andreas M. Hinz and Paul K. Stockmeyer, Precious Metal Sequences and Sierpinski-Type Graphs, J. Integer Seq., Vol 25 (2022), Article 22.4.8.
A. F. Horadam, Pell Identities, Fib. Quart., Vol. 9, No. 3, 1971, pp. 245-252.
A. F. Horadam, Basic Properties of a Certain Generalized Sequence of Numbers, Fibonacci Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1965, pp. 161-176.
A. F. Horadam, Special properties of the sequence W_n(a,b; p,q), Fib. Quart., 5.5 (1967), 424-434.
Tanya Khovanova, Recursive Sequences
FORMULA
a(n) = ((3+sqrt(2))*(1+sqrt(2))^n - (3-sqrt(2))*(1-sqrt(2))^n)/2*sqrt(2).
a(n) = 2*A000129(n+2) - 3*A000129(n+1). - Creighton Dement, Oct 27 2004
G.f.: (1+2*x)/(1-2*x-x^2). - Philippe Deléham, Nov 03 2008
a(n) = binomial transform of 1, 3, 2, 6, 4, 12, ... . - Al Hakanson (hawkuu(AT)gmail.com), Aug 08 2009
E.g.f.: exp(x)*cosh(sqrt(2)*x) + 3*exp(x)*sinh(sqrt(2)*x)/sqrt(2). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Feb 16 2015
a(n) is the denominator of the continued fraction [4, 2, ..., 2, 4] with n-1 2's in the middle. For the numerators, see A221174. - Greg Dresden and Tongjia Rao, Sep 02 2021
a(n) = A001333(n) + A000129(n). - G. C. Greubel, Aug 09 2022
MATHEMATICA
LinearRecurrence[{2, 1}, {1, 4}, 30] (* Harvey P. Dale, Jul 27 2011 *)
PROG
(Haskell)
a048654 n = a048654_list !! n
a048654_list =
1 : 4 : zipWith (+) a048654_list (map (* 2) $ tail a048654_list)
-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Aug 01 2011
(Maxima)
a[0]:1$
a[1]:4$
a[n]:=2*a[n-1]+a[n-2]$
A048654(n):=a[n]$
makelist(A048654(n), n, 0, 30); /* Martin Ettl, Nov 03 2012 */
(PARI) a(n)=(([0, 1; 1, 2]^n)*[1, 4]~)[1] \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, May 18 2015
(Magma) R<x>:=PowerSeriesRing(Integers(), 40); Coefficients(R!((1+2*x)/(1-2*x-x^2))); // G. C. Greubel, Jul 26 2018
(SageMath) [lucas_number1(n+1, 2, -1) +2*lucas_number1(n, 2, -1) for n in (0..40)] # G. C. Greubel, Aug 09 2022
CROSSREFS
Sequence in context: A336975 A076859 A042833 * A318859 A318817 A122626
KEYWORD
easy,nice,nonn
AUTHOR
STATUS
approved

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Last modified April 22 16:10 EDT 2024. Contains 371905 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)