The OEIS mourns the passing of Jim Simons and is grateful to the Simons Foundation for its support of research in many branches of science, including the OEIS.
The OEIS is supported by the many generous donors to the OEIS Foundation.

 Hints (Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
 A046642 Numbers k such that k and number of divisors d(k) are relatively prime. 18
 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 11, 13, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 61, 64, 65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 77, 79, 81, 83, 85, 87, 89, 91, 93, 95, 97, 100, 101, 103, 105, 107, 109, 111, 113, 115, 119, 121, 123, 125, 127, 129, 131 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS Numbers k such that tau(k)^phi(k) == 1 (mod k), where tau(k) is the number of divisors of k (A000005) and phi(k) is the Euler phi function (A000010). - Michel Lagneau, Nov 20 2012 Density is at least 4/Pi^2 = 0.405... since A056911 is a subsequence, and at most 1/2 since all even numbers in this sequence are squares. The true value seems to be around 0.4504. - Charles R Greathouse IV, Mar 27 2013 They are called anti-tau numbers by Zelinsky (see link) and their density is at least 3/Pi^2 (theorem 57 page 15). - Michel Marcus, May 31 2015 From Amiram Eldar, Feb 21 2021: (Start) Spiro (1981) proved that the number of terms of this sequence that do not exceed x is c * x + O(sqrt(x)*log(x)^3), where 0 < c < 1 is the asymptotic density of this sequence. The odd numbers whose number of divisors is a power of 2 (the odd terms of A036537) are terms of this sequence. Their asymptotic density is A327839/A076214 = 0.4212451116... which is a better lower bound than 4/Pi^2 for the asymptotic density of this sequence. A better upper limit than 0.5 can be obtained by considering the subsequence of odd numbers whose 3-adic valuation is not of the form 3*k-1 (i.e., odd numbers without those k with gcd(k, tau(k)) = 3), whose asymptotic density is 6/13 = 0.46153... The numbers of terms not exceeding 10^k, for k = 1, 2, ..., are 5, 49, 459, 4535, 45145, 450710, 4504999, 45043234, 450411577, 4504050401, ... (End) LINKS Reinhard Zumkeller, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000 Mart Abel, Helena Lauer, and Ellen Redi, About the number of τ-numbers relative to polynomials with integer coefficients, Acta Comment. Univ. Tartu. Math. 25, No. 1, 107-117, 2021. Claudia A. Spiro, The Frequency with Which an Integral-Valued, Prime-Independent, Multiplicative or Additive Function of n Divides a Polynomial Function of n, Ph. D. Thesis, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 1981. Joshua Zelinsky, Tau Numbers: A Partial Proof of a Conjecture and Other Results, Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 5 (2002), Article 02.2.8. FORMULA A009191(a(n)) = 1. MATHEMATICA Select[ Range[200], CoprimeQ[#, DivisorSigma[0, #]] &] (* Jean-François Alcover, Oct 20 2011 *) PROG (Haskell) a046642 n = a046642_list !! (n-1) a046642_list = map (+ 1) \$ elemIndices 1 a009191_list -- Reinhard Zumkeller, Aug 14 2011 (PARI) is(n)=gcd(numdiv(n), n)==1 \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Mar 27 2013 CROSSREFS Cf. A000005, A000010, A009191, A009230, A036537, A056911, A076214, A327839. Sequence in context: A047499 A330109 A082378 * A330110 A330123 A354711 Adjacent sequences: A046639 A046640 A046641 * A046643 A046644 A046645 KEYWORD nonn,nice,easy AUTHOR Labos Elemer STATUS approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recents
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

Last modified May 29 11:28 EDT 2024. Contains 372940 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)