The OEIS mourns the passing of Jim Simons and is grateful to the Simons Foundation for its support of research in many branches of science, including the OEIS.
login
The OEIS is supported by the many generous donors to the OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo
Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A002412 Hexagonal pyramidal numbers, or greengrocer's numbers.
(Formerly M4374 N1839)
87
0, 1, 7, 22, 50, 95, 161, 252, 372, 525, 715, 946, 1222, 1547, 1925, 2360, 2856, 3417, 4047, 4750, 5530, 6391, 7337, 8372, 9500, 10725, 12051, 13482, 15022, 16675, 18445, 20336, 22352, 24497, 26775, 29190, 31746, 34447, 37297, 40300 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,3
COMMENTS
Binomial transform of (1, 6, 9, 4, 0, 0, 0, ...). - Gary W. Adamson, Oct 16 2007
a(n) is the sum of the maximum(m,n) over {(m,n): m,n in positive integers, m<=n}. - Geoffrey Critzer, Oct 11 2009
We obtain these numbers for d=2 in the identity n*(n*(d*n-d+2)/2)-sum(k*(d*k-d+2)/2, k=0..n-1) = n*(n+1)*(2*d*n-2*d+3)/6 (see Klaus Strassburger in Formula lines). - Bruno Berselli, Apr 21 2010, Nov 16 2010
q^a(n) is the Hankel transform of the q-Catalan numbers. - Paul Barry, Dec 15 2010
Row 1 of the convolution array A213835. - Clark Kimberling, Jul 04 2012
From Ant King, Oct 24 2012: (Start)
For n>0, the digital roots of this sequence A010888(A002412(n)) form the purely periodic 27-cycle {1,7,4,5,5,8,9,3,3,4,1,7,8,8,2,3,6,6,7,4,1,2,2,5,6,9,9}.
For n>0, the units' digits of this sequence A010879(A002412(n)) form the purely periodic 20-cycle {1,7,2,0,5,1,2,2,5,5,6,2,7,5,0,6,7,7,0,0}.
(End)
Partial sums of A000384. - Omar E. Pol, Jan 12 2013
Row sums of A094728. - J. M. Bergot, Jun 14 2013
Number of orbits of Aut(Z^7) as function of the infinity norm (n+1) of the representative integer lattice point of the orbit, when the cardinality of the orbit is equal to 40320. - Philippe A.J.G. Chevalier, Dec 28 2015
Coefficients in the hypergeometric series identity 1 - 7*(x - 1)/(3*x + 1) + 22*(x - 1)*(x - 2)/((3*x + 1)*(3*x + 2)) - 50*(x - 1)*(x - 2)*(x - 3)/((3*x + 1)*(3*x + 2)*(3*x + 3)) + ... = 0, valid for Re(x) > 1. Cf. A000326 and A002418. Column 3 of A103450. - Peter Bala, Mar 14 2019
REFERENCES
A. H. Beiler, Recreations in the Theory of Numbers, Dover, NY, 1964, p. 194.
E. Deza and M. M. Deza, Figurate numbers, World Scientific Publishing (2012), page 93.
L. E. Dickson, History of the Theory of Numbers. Carnegie Institute Public. 256, Washington, DC, Vol. 1, 1919; Vol. 2, 1920; Vol. 3, 1923, see vol. 2, p. 2.
T. A. Gulliver, Sequences from Arrays of Integers, Int. Math. Journal, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 323-332, 2002.
I. Siap, Linear codes over F_2 + u*F_2 and their complete weight enumerators, in Codes and Designs (Ohio State, May 18, 2000), pp. 259-271. De Gruyter, 2002.
N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence).
N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).
LINKS
T. D. Noe and William A. Tedeschi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000 (first 1000 terms computed by T. D. Noe)
Abdullah Atmaca and A. Yavuz Oruç, On the size of two families of unlabeled bipartite graphs, AKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics, Vo. 16, No. 2 (2019), pp. 222-229.
Bruno Berselli, A description of the transform in Comments lines: website Matem@ticamente (in Italian).
Simon Plouffe, Approximations de séries génératrices et quelques conjectures, Dissertation, Université du Québec à Montréal, 1992; arXiv:0911.4975 [math.NT], 2009.
Simon Plouffe, 1031 Generating Functions, Appendix to Thesis, Montreal, 1992.
Luis Verde-Star A Matrix Approach to Generalized Delannoy and Schröder Arrays, J. Int. Seq., Vol. 24 (2021), Article 21.4.1.
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Hexagonal Pyramidal Number.
FORMULA
a(n) = n(n + 1)(4n - 1)/6.
G.f.: x*(1+3*x)/(1-x)^4. - Simon Plouffe in his 1992 dissertation.
a(n) = n^3 - Sum_{i=1..n-1} i^2. - Klaus Strassburger (strass(AT)ddfi.uni-duesseldorf.de)
Partial sums of n odd-indexed triangular numbers, e.g., a(3) = t(1)+t(3)+t(5) = 1+6+15 = 22. - Jon Perry, Jul 23 2003
a(n) = Sum_{i=0..n-1} (n - i)*(n + i). - Jon Perry, Sep 26 2004
a(n) = n*A000292(n) - (n-1)*A000292(n-1) = n*binomial((n+2),3) - (n-1)*binomial((n+1),3); e.g., a(5) = 95 = 5*35 - 4*20. - Gary W. Adamson, Dec 28 2007
a(n) = Sum_{i=0..n} (2i^2 + 3i + 1), for n >= 0 (Omits the leading 0). - William A. Tedeschi, Aug 25 2010
a(n) = 4*a(n-1)-6*a(n-2)+4*a(n-3)-a(n-4), with a(0)=0, a(1)=1, a(2)=7, a(3)=22. - Harvey P. Dale, Jul 16 2011
a(n) = sum a*b, where the summing is over all unordered partitions 2*n = a+b. - Vladimir Shevelev, May 11 2012
From Ant King, Oct 24 2012: (Start)
a(n) = a(n-1) + n*(2*n-1).
a(n) = 3*a(n-1) - 3*a(n-2) + a(n-3) + 4.
a(n) = (n+1)*(2*A000384(n) + n)/6 = (4*n-1)*A000217(n)/3.
a(n) = A000292(n) + 3*A000292(n-1) = A002411(n) + A000292(n-1).
a(n) = binomial(n+2,3) + 3*binomial(n+1,3) = (4*n-1)*binomial(n+1,2)/3.
Sum_{n>=1} 1/a(n) = 6*(12*log(2)-2*Pi-1)/5 = 1.2414...
(End)
a(n) = Sum_{i=1..n} Sum_{j=1..n} max(i,j) = Sum_{i=1..n} i*(2*n-i). - Enrique Pérez Herrero, Jan 15 2013
a(n) = A005900(n+1) - A000326(n+1) = Octahedral - Pentagonal Numbers. - Richard R. Forberg, Aug 07 2013
a(n) = n*A000217(n) + Sum_{i=0..n-1} A000217(i). - Bruno Berselli, Dec 18 2013
a(n) = 2n * A000217(n) - A000330(n). - J. M. Bergot, Apr 05 2014
a(n) = A080851(4,n-1). - R. J. Mathar, Jul 28 2016
E.g.f.: x*(6 + 15*x + 4*x^2)*exp(x)/6. - Ilya Gutkovskiy, May 12 2017
Sum_{n>=1} (-1)^(n+1)/a(n) = 6*(1 + 2*sqrt(2)*Pi - 2*(3+sqrt(2))*log(2) + 4*sqrt(2)*log(2-sqrt(2)))/5. - Amiram Eldar, Jan 04 2022
EXAMPLE
Let n=5, 2*n=10. Since 10 = 1 + 9 = 2 + 8 = 3 + 7 = 4 + 6 = 5 + 5, a(5) = 1*9 + 2*8 + 3*7 + 4*6 + 5*5 = 95. - Vladimir Shevelev, May 11 2012
MAPLE
seq(sum(i*(2*k-i), i=1..k), k=0..100); # Wesley Ivan Hurt, Sep 25 2013
MATHEMATICA
Figurate[ ngon_, rank_, dim_] := Binomial[rank + dim - 2, dim - 1] ((rank - 1)*(ngon - 2) + dim)/dim; Table[ Figurate[6, r, 3], {r, 0, 40}] (* Robert G. Wilson v, Aug 22 2010 *)
Table[n(n+1)(4n-1)/6, {n, 0, 40}] (* or *) LinearRecurrence[{4, -6, 4, -1}, {0, 1, 7, 22}, 40] (* Harvey P. Dale, Jul 16 2011 *)
PROG
(PARI) v=vector(40, i, (i*(i+1))\2); s=0; print1(s", "); forstep(i=1, 40, 2, s+=v[i]; print1(s", "))
(Maxima) A002412(n):=n*(n+1)*(4*n-1)/6$ makelist(A002412(n), n, 0, 20); /* Martin Ettl, Dec 12 2012 */
(Magma) [n*(n+1)*(4*n-1)/6: n in [0..40]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Nov 28 2015
(GAP) List([0..40], n->n*(n+1)*(4*n-1)/6); # Muniru A Asiru, Mar 18 2019
(Python) print([n*(n+1)*(4*n-1)//6 for n in range(40)]) # Michael S. Branicky, Mar 28 2022
CROSSREFS
Bisection of A002623. Equals A000578(n) - A000330(n-1).
a(n) = A093561(n+2, 3), (4, 1)-Pascal column.
Cf. A220084 for a list of numbers of the form n*P(k,n)-(n-1)*P(k,n-1), where P(k,n) is the n-th k-gonal pyramidal number (see Adamson's formula).
Cf. similar sequences listed in A237616.
Orbits of Aut(Z^7) as function of the infinity norm A000579, A154286, A102860, A002412, A045943, A115067, A008585, A005843, A001477, A000217.
Sequence in context: A369549 A129109 A224141 * A211652 A211650 A211792
KEYWORD
nonn,easy,nice
AUTHOR
STATUS
approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recents
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified June 14 19:19 EDT 2024. Contains 373401 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)