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 A368629 Expansion of g.f. A(x) satisfying A(x) = 1 + x*(A(x)^2 + A(-x)^2)/2 + x*(A(x)^4 - A(-x)^4)/2. 9
 1, 1, 4, 9, 88, 210, 2644, 6493, 91992, 229646, 3484008, 8789562, 139443168, 354379540, 5801987316, 14824740645, 248459660984, 637465292438, 10878564788984, 28001827694446, 484778825103504, 1251132971284668, 21915195896364296, 56682787977509650, 1002570518541796720 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,3 COMMENTS Conjecture: a(n) is odd when n = 2^k - 1 for k >= 0, and even elsewhere. LINKS Paul D. Hanna, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1200 FORMULA G.f. A(x) = Sum_{n>=0} a(n)*x^n satisfies the following formulas. (1) A(x) = 1 + x*(A(x)^2 + A(-x)^2)/2 + x*(A(x)^4 - A(-x)^4)/2. (2) A(x) = A(-x) + x*A(x)^2 + x*A(-x)^2. (3) A(x) = 2 - A(-x) + x*A(x)^4 - x*A(-x)^4. (4) A(x) = 2 - A(-x) + (A(x) - A(-x))*(A(x)^2 - A(-x)^2). (5.a) A(x) = (1 - sqrt(1 - 4*x*A(-x) - 4*x^2*A(-x)^2)) / (2*x). (5.b) A(-x) = (sqrt(1 + 4*x*A(x) - 4*x^2*A(x)^2) - 1) / (2*x). (6) (A(x) + A(-x))/2 = 1/(1 - (A(x) - A(-x))^2). (7.a) Sum_{n>=0} a(n) * (sqrt(2) - 1)^n/3^n = sqrt(2). (7.b) Sum_{n>=0} a(n) * (1 - sqrt(2))^n/3^n = 1. EXAMPLE G.f.: A(x) = 1 + x + 4*x^2 + 9*x^3 + 88*x^4 + 210*x^5 + 2644*x^6 + 6493*x^7 + 91992*x^8 + 229646*x^9 + 3484008*x^10 + 8789562*x^11 + 139443168*x^12 + ... RELATED SERIES. A(x)^2 = 1 + 2*x + 9*x^2 + 26*x^3 + 210*x^4 + 668*x^5 + 6493*x^6 + 21538*x^7 + 229646*x^8 + 779772*x^9 + 8789562*x^10 + ... A(x)^4 = 1 + 4*x + 22*x^2 + 88*x^3 + 605*x^4 + 2644*x^5 + 20114*x^6 + 91992*x^7 + 741154*x^8 + 3484008*x^9 + 29125100*x^10 + ... The odd bisection of A(x) may be formed from the even bisection of A(x)^2: (A(x) - A(-x))/2 = x + 9*x^3 + 210*x^5 + 6493*x^7 + 229646*x^9 + ... (A(x)^2 + A(-x)^2)/2 = 1 + 9*x^2 + 210*x^4 + 6493*x^6 + 229646*x^8 + ... The even bisection of A(x) may be formed from the odd bisection of A(x)^4: (A(x) + A(-x))/2 = 1 + 4*x^2 + 88*x^4 + 2644*x^6 + 91992*x^8 + 3484008*x^10 + ... (A(x)^4 - A(-x)^4)/2 = 4*x + 88*x^3 + 2644*x^5 + 91992*x^7 + 3484008*x^9 + ... SPECIFIC VALUES. A(-r) = 1 and A(r) = sqrt(2) at r = (sqrt(2) - 1)/3 = 0.138071.... PROG (PARI) {a(n) = my(A=1+x, B); for(i=1, n, A=truncate(A)+x*O(x^i); B=subst(A, x, -x); A = 1 + x*(A^2 + B^2)/2 + x*(A^4 - B^4)/2 ; ); polcoeff(A, n)} for(n=0, 30, print1(a(n), ", ")) CROSSREFS Cf. A368633, A368628, A368593, A368626, A368627. Sequence in context: A155931 A309801 A248245 * A077530 A115551 A227419 Adjacent sequences: A368626 A368627 A368628 * A368630 A368631 A368632 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Paul D. Hanna, Jan 10 2024 STATUS approved

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Last modified September 10 06:17 EDT 2024. Contains 375773 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)