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 A368626 Expansion of g.f. A(x) satisfying A(x) = 1 + x*(A(x)^2 - A(-x)^2)/2 + x*(A(x)^3 + A(-x)^3)/2. 5
 1, 1, 2, 9, 22, 138, 356, 2585, 6830, 53838, 144156, 1197546, 3233692, 27859444, 75665736, 669553209, 1826204958, 16493851110, 45131989100, 414263198030, 1136416283860, 10568504182860, 29050963193720, 273107307342090, 751985844723308, 7133921326564172, 19670502565821464 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,3 COMMENTS Conjecture: a(n) is odd when n = 2^k - 1 for k >= 0 and even elsewhere. LINKS Paul D. Hanna, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..600 FORMULA G.f. A(x) = Sum_{n>=0} a(n)*x^n satisfies the following formulas. (1) A(x) = 1 + x*(A(x)^2 - A(-x)^2)/2 + x*(A(x)^3 + A(-x)^3)/2. (2) A(x) = 2 - A(-x) + x*A(x)^2 - x*A(-x)^2. (3) A(x) = A(-x) + x*A(x)^3 + x*A(-x)^3. (4.a) A(x) = (1 - sqrt(1-8*x + 4*x*A(-x) + 4*x^2*A(-x)^2)) / (2*x). (4.b) A(-x) = (sqrt(1+8*x - 4*x*A(x) + 4*x^2*A(x)^2) - 1) / (2*x). (5) (A(x) + A(-x))/2 = 1/(1 - 2*x*(A(x) - A(-x))/2). EXAMPLE G.f.: A(x) = 1 + x + 2*x^2 + 9*x^3 + 22*x^4 + 138*x^5 + 356*x^6 + 2585*x^7 + 6830*x^8 + 53838*x^9 + 144156*x^10 + 1197546*x^11 + 3233692*x^12 + ... where A(x) is formed from the odd bisection of A(x)^2 and the even bisection of A(x)^3, as can be seen from the expansions A(x)^2 = 1 + 2*x + 5*x^2 + 22*x^3 + 66*x^4 + 356*x^5 + 1157*x^6 + 6830*x^7 + 23222*x^8 + 144156*x^9 + 504546*x^10 + ... A(x)^3 = 1 + 3*x + 9*x^2 + 40*x^3 + 138*x^4 + 693*x^5 + 2585*x^6 + 13764*x^7 + 53838*x^8 + 296646*x^9 + 1197546*x^10 + ... so that the bisections of the above series are related by (A(x) + A(-x))/2 = 1 + x*(A(x)^2 - A(-x)^2)/2, and (A(x) - A(-x))/2 = x*(A(x)^3 + A(-x)^3)/2. SPECIFIC VALUES. A(t) = 3/2 at t = 0.1819737010113140094420890735437063355509087658723835... with A(-t) = 0.7945570310255352575261389299040205708629421553742768... G.f. A(x) diverges at x = 1/5.4, but converges at x = 1/5.5 to yield A(1/5.5) = 1.496543384376249917206500686071412596234401473798923... A(-1/5.5) = 0.795582249398671834477410218197255634423553817319574... Other values are as follows. A(1/6) = 1.34228124014121938629204994980825043322418782558714594... A(-1/6) = 0.84031658679173656850293071643280362490543801455743768... A(1/7) = 1.23812032178413019856840253750104622400159644919325618... A(-1/7) = 0.87219621912499007272745977375746581998964690903627574... A(1/8) = 1.18723993315598647777707954645984780429075497185978705... A(-1/8) = 0.88995083754758616465388572384122362483578619460668827... PROG (PARI) {a(n) = my(A=1+x, A_); for(i=1, n, A=truncate(A) + x*O(x^i); B=subst(A, x, -x); A = 1 + x*(A^2 - B^2)/2 + x*(A^3 + B^3)/2 ; ); polcoeff(A, n)} for(n=0, 30, print1(a(n), ", ")) CROSSREFS Cf. A368627. Sequence in context: A032224 A254710 A193758 * A032149 A032054 A027702 Adjacent sequences: A368623 A368624 A368625 * A368627 A368628 A368629 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Paul D. Hanna, Jan 09 2024 STATUS approved

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Last modified September 12 07:57 EDT 2024. Contains 375850 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)