

A298636


Square array T(m,n) = number of ways to draw m1 horizontal lines [a(i),b(i)] with 0 <= a(i) < b(i) <= n such that if two lines start or end on the same coordinate, no intermediate line crosses this coordinate (see comments); m, n >= 1.


1



1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 6, 9, 1, 1, 10, 36, 23, 1, 1, 15, 100, 181, 53, 1, 1, 21, 225, 845, 775, 115, 1, 1, 28, 441, 2890, 5957, 2956, 241, 1, 1, 36, 784, 8036, 30862, 36148, 10426, 495, 1, 1, 45, 1296, 19278, 122276, 278530, 195934, 34899, 1005, 1, 1, 55, 2025, 41406, 398874, 1560118
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OFFSET

1,5


COMMENTS

Following the OEIS standard, the array is read by falling antidiagonals, i.e., T(1,1), T(1,2), T(2,1), T(1,3), ....
"Horizontal line [a(i),b(i)]" means a line from (a(i),i) to (b(i),i). "No intermediate line crosses..." means that, if {a(i),b(i)} and {a(j),b(j)} have x in common for some j > i, then for all i < k < j, either a(k) >= x or b(k) <= x.
Equivalently, number of (m1) X n binary (0,1) matrices where each row has exactly one run of 1's and any two of these runs may not start or end at the same column border, unless no run in the intermediate rows crosses (= extends to both sides of) this border.
This construction is relevant for enumerating the tight pavings defined by Knuth in A285357, see his Christmas Tree Lecture video there.


LINKS



EXAMPLE

The table starts (cf. "table" link):
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ...
1 3 6 10 15 21 28 ... (= A000217 = n > n(n+1)/2)
1 23 181 845 2890 8036 19278...
1 53 775 5957 30862 122276 ...
1 115 2956 36148 ...
...
The T(2,3) = 6 drawings are { [01], [02], [03], [12], [13], [23] }.
The T(3,2) = 9 drawings are { [01; 01], [01; 02], [01; 12], [02; 01], [02, 02], [02; 12], [12; 01], [12; 02], [12; 12] }.
The "no line crosses" condition becomes effective only for m > 3. For m = 4, it excludes drawings like, e.g., [01; 02; 01], [01; 02; 12], ...
Therefore, T(4,2) is less than 3*3*3 = 27: The T(4,2) = 23 drawings are:
{ [01; 01; 01], [01; 01; 02], [01; 02; 02], [02; 01; 01],
[02; 01; 02], [02; 02; 01], [02; 02; 02], [01; 01; 12],
[02; 01; 12], [02; 02; 12], [01; 12; 01], [01; 12; 02],
[02; 12; 01], [02; 12; 02], [01; 12; 12], [02; 12; 12],
[12; 01; 01], [12; 01; 02], [12; 02; 02], [12; 01; 12],
[12; 12; 01], [12; 12; 02], [12; 12; 12] }


PROG

(PARI) A298636(m, n, show=0, c=0)={ my(S, N, u=vector(m1, i, 1)); forvec(a=vector(m1, i, [0, n1]), S=Set(a); N=vector(n1); for(i=1, #a, a[i] && N[a[i]]=if(N[a[i]], concat(N[a[i]], i), i)); forvec(b=vector(m1, j, [a[j]+1, n]), S=N; for(i=1, #b, b[i]<n && S[b[i]]=if(S[b[i]], concat(S[b[i]], i), i)); for(i=1, #S, #S[i]<2 && next; for(j=2, #T=Set(S[i]), T[j1]==T[j]1&&next; for(r=T[j1]+1, T[j]1, a[r]>i  b[r]<i  next(4)))); c++; show&&print1(Mat([a~, b~])", "))); c}


CROSSREFS



KEYWORD



AUTHOR



STATUS

approved



