This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 Hints (Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
 A234309 a(n) = |{2 < k <= n/2: 2^{phi(k)} + 2^{phi(n-k)} - 1 is prime}|, where phi(.) is Euler's totient function. 15
 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 4, 6, 5, 6, 5, 7, 7, 6, 7, 7, 8, 7, 7, 6, 6, 7, 9, 9, 6, 9, 12, 8, 6, 9, 9, 9, 8, 10, 8, 9, 6, 9, 8, 8, 10, 6, 8, 11, 8, 11, 8, 7, 10, 8, 7, 8, 7, 9, 9, 11, 11, 8, 8, 9, 10, 12, 7, 12, 10, 8, 5, 7, 9, 14, 9, 9, 9, 8, 7 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,8 COMMENTS Conjecture: (i) a(n) > 0 for all n > 5. (ii) For any integer n > 1, 2^k +2^{phi(n-k)} - 1 is prime for some 0 < k < n, and 2^{sigma(j)} + 2^{phi(n-j)} - 1 is prime for some 0 < j < n, where sigma(j) is the sum of all positive divisors of j. As phi(k) is even for any k > 2, part (i) of the conjecture implies that there are infinitely many primes of the form 4^a + 4^b - 1 with a and b positive integers (cf. A234310). Note that any Mersenne prime greater than 3 has the form 2^{2a+1} - 1 = 4^a + 4^a - 1. LINKS Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..8000 EXAMPLE a(6) = 1 since 2^{phi(3)} + 2^{phi(3)} - 1 = 2^2 + 2^2 - 1 = 7 is prime. a(7) = 1 since 2^{phi(3)} + 2^{phi(4)} - 1 = 2^2 + 2^2 - 1 = 7 is prime. a(8) = 2 since 2^{phi(3)} + 2^{phi(5)} - 1 = 2^2 + 2^4 - 1 = 19 and 2^{phi(4)} + 2^{phi(4)} - 1 = 2^2 + 2^2 - 1 = 7 are both prime. MATHEMATICA a[n_]:=Sum[If[PrimeQ[2^(EulerPhi[k])+2^(EulerPhi[n-k])-1], 1, 0], {k, 3, n/2}] Table[a[n], {n, 1, 100}] CROSSREFS Cf. A000010, A000040, A000079, A000668, A233307, A233390, A233542, A233544, A233547, A233566, A233867, A233918, A234200, A234246, A234308, A234310, A234337, A234344, A234346, A234347, A234359, A234360, A234361 Sequence in context: A285879 A117695 A074794 * A306921 A048686 A278959 Adjacent sequences:  A234306 A234307 A234308 * A234310 A234311 A234312 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Zhi-Wei Sun, Dec 23 2013 STATUS approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

Last modified August 21 05:32 EDT 2019. Contains 326162 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)