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A230206 Trapezoid of dot products of row 3 (signs alternating) with sequential 4-tuples read by rows in Pascals triangle A007318: T(n,k) is the linear combination of the 4-tuples (C(3,0), -C(3,1), C(3,2), -C(3,3)) and (C(n-1,k-3), C(n-1,k-2), C(n-1,k-1), C(n-1,k)), n >= 1, 0 <= k <= n+2. 7
-1, 3, -3, 1, -1, 2, 0, -2, 1, -1, 1, 2, -2, -1, 1, -1, 0, 3, 0, -3, 0, 1, -1, -1, 3, 3, -3, -3, 1, 1, -1, -2, 2, 6, 0, -6, -2, 2, 1, -1, -3, 0, 8, 6, -6, -8, 0, 3, 1, -1, -4, -3, 8, 14, 0, -14, -8, 3, 4, 1, -1, -5, -7, 5, 22, 14, -14, -22, -5, 7 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

The array is trapezoidal rather than triangular because C(n,k) is not uniquely defined for all negative n and negative k.

Row sums are 0.

Coefficients of (x-1)^3 (x+1)^(n-1) for n > 0.

LINKS

Dixon J. Jones, Rows n = 1..100 for irregular triangle, flattened

Isabel Cação, Helmuth R. Malonek, Maria Irene Falcão, Graça Tomaz, Combinatorial Identities Associated with a Multidimensional Polynomial Sequence, J. Int. Seq., Vol. 21 (2018), Article 18.7.4.

FORMULA

T(n,k) = Sum_{i=0..n+m-1} (-1)^(i+m)*C(m,i)*C(n-1,k-i), n >= 1, with T(n,0) = (-1)^m and m=3.

EXAMPLE

Trapezoid begins

  -1,  3, -3,  1;

  -1,  2,  0, -2,  1;

  -1,  1,  2, -2, -1,  1;

  -1,  0,  3,  0, -3,  0,  1;

  -1, -1,  3,  3, -3, -3,  1, 1;

  -1, -2,  2,  6,  0, -6, -2, 2, 1;

  -1, -3,  0,  8,  6, -6, -8, 0, 3, 1;

MATHEMATICA

Flatten[Table[CoefficientList[(x - 1)^3 (x + 1)^n, x], {n, 0, 7}]] (* T. D. Noe, Oct 25 2013 *)

m=3; Table[If[k == 0, (-1)^m, Sum[(-1)^(j+m)*Binomial[m, j]*Binomial[n-1, k-j], {j, 0, n+m-1}]], {n, 1, 10}, {k, 0, n+m-1}]//Flatten (* G. C. Greubel, Nov 29 2018 *)

PROG

(PARI) m=3; for(n=1, 10, for(k=0, n+m-1, print1(if(k==0, (-1)^m, sum(j=0, n+m-1, (-1)^(j+m)*binomial(m, j)*binomial(n-1, k-j))), ", "))) \\ G. C. Greubel, Nov 29 2018

(MAGMA) m:=3; [[k le 0 select (-1 )^m else (&+[(-1)^(j+m)* Binomial(m, j) *Binomial(n-1, k-j): j in [0..(n+m-1)]]): k in [0..(n+m-1)]]: n in [1..10]]; // G. C. Greubel, Nov 29 2018

(Sage) m=3; [[sum((-1)^(j+m)*binomial(m, j)*binomial(n-1, k-j) for j in range(n+m)) for k in range(n+m)] for n in (1..10)] # G. C. Greubel, Nov 29 2018

CROSSREFS

Using row j of the alternating Pascal triangle as generator: A007318 (j=0), A008482 and A112467 (j=1 after the first term in each), A182533 (j=2 after the first two rows), A230207-A230212 (j=4 to j=9).

Sequence in context: A072917 A319861 A114266 * A285117 A135910 A255916

Adjacent sequences:  A230203 A230204 A230205 * A230207 A230208 A230209

KEYWORD

easy,sign,tabf

AUTHOR

Dixon J. Jones, Oct 11 2013

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 14 04:44 EDT 2019. Contains 327995 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)