

A201073


Record (maximal) gaps between prime 5tuples (p, p+2, p+6, p+8, p+12).


11



6, 90, 1380, 14580, 21510, 88830, 97020, 107100, 112140, 301890, 401820, 577710, 689850, 846210, 857010, 986160, 1655130, 2035740, 2266320, 2467290, 2614710, 3305310, 3530220, 3880050, 3885420, 5290440, 5713800, 6049890
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OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

Prime quintuplets (p, p+2, p+6, p+8, p+12) are one of the two types of densest permissible constellations of 5 primes (A022006 and A022007). Average gaps between prime ktuples can be deduced from the HardyLittlewood ktuple conjecture and are O(log^k(p)), with k=5 for quintuplets. If a gap is larger than any preceding gap, we call it a maximal gap, or a record gap. Maximal gaps may be significantly larger than average gaps; this sequence suggests that maximal gaps are O(log^6(p)).
A201074 lists initial primes in quintuplets (p, p+2, p+6, p+8, p+12) preceding the maximal gaps. A233432 lists the corresponding primes at the end of the maximal gaps.


LINKS



FORMULA

(1) Upper bound: gaps between prime 5tuples are smaller than 0.0987*(log p)^6, where p is the prime at the end of the gap.
(2) Estimate for the actual size of the maximal gap that ends at p: maximal gap ~ a(log(p/a)0.4), where a = 0.0987*(log p)^5 is the average gap between quintuplets near p, as predicted by the HardyLittlewood ktuple conjecture.
Formulas (1) and (2) are asymptotically equal as p tends to infinity. However, (1) yields values greater than all known gaps, while (2) yields "good guesses" that may be either above or below the actual size of known maximal gaps.
Both formulas (1) and (2) are derived from the HardyLittlewood ktuple conjecture via probabilitybased heuristics relating the expected maximal gap size to the average gap. Neither of the formulas has a rigorous proof (the ktuple conjecture itself has no formal proof either). In both formulas, the constant ~0.0987 is reciprocal to the HardyLittlewood 5tuple constant 10.1317...


EXAMPLE

The initial four gaps of 6, 90, 1380, 14580 (between quintuplets starting at p=5, 11, 101, 1481, 16061) form an increasing sequence of records. Therefore a(1)=6, a(2)=90, a(3)=1380, and a(4)=14580. The next gap (after 16061) is smaller, so a new term is not added.


CROSSREFS

Cf. A022006 (prime 5tuples p, p+2, p+6, p+8, p+12), A113274, A113404, A200503, A201596, A201598, A201051, A201251, A202281, A202361, A201062, A201074, A002386, A233432.


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR



STATUS

approved



