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A201251 Record (maximal) gaps between prime septuplets (p, p+2, p+8, p+12, p+14, p+18, p+20). 11
83160, 195930, 341880, 5414220, 9270030, 18980220, 25622520, 36077370, 51597630, 92184750, 125523090, 140407470, 141896370, 336026460, 403369470, 435390270, 442452570, 627852330, 754383210, 1008582120, 1021464990, 1073692620, 1088148810, 1145336850 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)



Prime septuplets (p, p+2, p+8, p+12, p+14, p+18, p+20) are one of the two types of densest permissible constellations of 7 primes (A022009 and A022010). Average gaps between prime k-tuples can be deduced from the Hardy-Littlewood k-tuple conjecture and are O(log^k(p)), with k=7 for septuplets. If a gap is larger than any preceding gap, we call it a maximal gap, or a record gap. Maximal gaps may be significantly larger than average gaps; this sequence suggests that maximal gaps are O(log^8(p)).

A201252 lists initial primes in septuplets (p, p+2, p+8, p+12, p+14, p+18, p+20) preceding the maximal gaps. A233038 lists the corresponding primes at the end of the maximal gaps.


Alexei Kourbatov, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..52

G. H. Hardy and J. E. Littlewood, Some problems of 'Partitio numerorum'; III: On the expression of a number as a sum of primes, Acta Math., Vol. 44, No. 1 (1923), pp. 1-70.

Alexei Kourbatov, Maximal gaps between prime k-tuples.

Alexei Kourbatov, Maximal gaps between prime k-tuples: a statistical approach, arXiv preprint arXiv:1301.2242 [math.NT], 2013 and J. Int. Seq. 16 (2013) #13.5.2.

Alexei Kourbatov, Tables of record gaps between prime constellations, arXiv preprint arXiv:1309.4053 [math.NT], 2013.

Alexei Kourbatov, The distribution of maximal prime gaps in Cramer's probabilistic model of primes, arXiv preprint arXiv:1401.6959 [math.NT], 2014.

Norman Luhn, Patterns of prime k-tuplets & the Hardy-Littlewood constants.

Norman Luhn, Record Gaps Between Prime Septuplets, up to 10^17.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, k-Tuple Conjecture.


Gaps between prime septuplets (p, p+2, p+8, p+12, p+14, p+18, p+20) are smaller than 0.02*(log p)^8, where p is the prime at the end of the gap. There is no rigorous proof of this formula. The O(log^8(p)) growth rate is suggested by numerical data and heuristics based on probability considerations.


The gap of 83160 between septuplets starting at p=5639 and p=88799 is the very first gap, so a(1)=83160. The gap of 195930 between septuplets starting at p=88799 and p=284729 is a maximal gap - larger than any preceding gap; therefore a(2)=195930. The next gap of 341880 is again a maximal gap, so a(3)=341880. The next gap is smaller, so it does not contribute to the sequence.


Cf. A022010 (prime septuplets p, p+2, p+8, p+12, p+14, p+18, p+20), A113274, A113404, A200503, A201062, A201073, A201596, A201598, A202281, A202361, A201051, A002386, A233038.

Sequence in context: A251112 A298437 A190385 * A235097 A125779 A233925

Adjacent sequences: A201248 A201249 A201250 * A201252 A201253 A201254




Alexei Kourbatov, Nov 28 2011



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Last modified March 29 15:42 EDT 2023. Contains 361599 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)