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A172063 Expansion of (2/(3*sqrt(1-4*z)-1+4*z))*((1-sqrt(1-4*z))/(2*z))^k with k=6. 12
1, 7, 37, 174, 771, 3300, 13820, 57044, 233108, 945793, 3817351, 15347362, 61520899, 246052888, 982365976, 3916739872, 15599504614, 62076995998, 246866382826, 981218764540, 3898442536366, 15483778158792, 61482966826992 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

This sequence is the 6th diagonal below the main diagonal (which itself is A026641) in the array which grows with "Pascal rule" given here by rows: 1,0,1,0,1,0,1,0,1,0,1,0,1,0, 1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1, 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7, 1,2,4,6,9,12,16,20,25,30, 1,3,7,13,22,34,50,70,95. The Maple programs give the first diagonals of this array.

Apparently the number of peaks in all Dyck paths of semilength n+6 that are 4 steps higher than the preceding peak. - David Scambler, Apr 22 2013

LINKS

Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..200

FORMULA

a(n) = Sum_{j=0..n} (-1)^j * binomial(2*n+k-j, n-j), with k=6.

a(n) ~ 2^(2*n+7)/(3*sqrt(Pi*n)). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Apr 19 2014

Conjecture: 2*n*(n+6)*(n+3)*a(n) -(7*n^3+59*n^2+166*n+160)*a(n-1) -2*(2*n+5)*(n+4)*(n+2)*a(n-2)=0. - R. J. Mathar, Feb 19 2016

EXAMPLE

a(4) = C(14,4) - C(13,3) + C(12,2) - C(11,1) + C(10,0) = 7*13*11 - 26*11 + 66 - 11 + 1 = 771.

MAPLE

for k from 0 to 20 do for n from 0 to 40 do a(n):=sum('(-1)^(p)*binomial(2*n-p+k, n-p)', p=0..n): od:seq(a(n), n=0..40):od;

# 2nd program

for k from 0 to 40 do taylor((2/(3*sqrt(1-4*z)-1+4*z))*((1-sqrt(1-4*z))/(2*z))^k, z=0, 40+k):od;

MATHEMATICA

CoefficientList[Series[(2/(3*Sqrt[1-4*x]-1+4*x))*((1-Sqrt[1-4*x])/(2*x))^6, {x, 0, 20}], x] (* Vaclav Kotesovec, Apr 19 2014 *)

PROG

(PARI) k=6; my(x='x+O('x^30)); Vec((2/(3*sqrt(1-4*x)-1+4*x))*((1-sqrt(1-4*x))/(2*x))^k) \\ G. C. Greubel, Feb 17 2019

(MAGMA) k:=6; m:=30; R<x>:=PowerSeriesRing(Rationals(), m); Coefficients(R!( (2/(3*Sqrt(1-4*x)-1+4*x))*((1-Sqrt(1-4*x))/(2*x))^k )); // G. C. Greubel, Feb 17 2019

(Sage) k=6; ((2/(3*sqrt(1-4*x)-1+4*x))*((1-sqrt(1-4*x))/(2*x))^k).series(x, 20).coefficients(x, sparse=False) # G. C. Greubel, Feb 17 2019

CROSSREFS

Cf. A091526 (k=-2), A072547 (k=-1), A026641 (k=0), A014300 (k=1), A014301 (k=2), A172025 (k=3), A172061 (k=4), A172062 (k=5), A172064 (k=7), A172065 (k=8), A172066 (k=9), A172067 (k=10).

Sequence in context: A169789 A169726 A305781 * A208737 A005061 A099454

Adjacent sequences:  A172060 A172061 A172062 * A172064 A172065 A172066

KEYWORD

easy,nonn

AUTHOR

Richard Choulet, Jan 24 2010

STATUS

approved

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Last modified July 31 05:31 EDT 2021. Contains 346367 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)