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 A105751 Imaginary part of Product_{k=0..n} (1 + k*i), i = sqrt(-1). 10
 0, 1, 3, 0, -40, -90, 1050, 6160, -46800, -549900, 3103100, 67610400, -271627200, -11186357000, 26495469000, 2416003824000, -1394099824000, -662595375078000, -936096296850000, 225382826562400000, 819329864480400000, -93217812901913700000, -570263312237604700000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,3 COMMENTS From Peter Bala, Jun 01 2023: (Start) Compare with A105750(n) = the real part of Product_{k = 0..n} (1 + k*sqrt(-1)). Moll (2012) studied the prime divisors of the terms of A105750 and divided the primes into three classes. Numerical calculation suggests that a similar division holds in this case. Type 1: primes p that do not divide any element of the sequence {a(n)}. In this case, unlike in A105750, the set of type 1 primes is empty; that is, every prime p divides some term of this sequence. Type 2: primes p such that the p-adic valuation v_p(a(n)) has asymptotically linear behavior. An example is given below. We conjecture that the set of type 2 primes consists of primes p == 1 (mod 4), equivalently, rational primes that split in the field extension Q(sqrt(-1)) of Q, together with the prime p = 2, which ramifies in Q(sqrt(-1)). See A002144. Moll's conjecture 5.5 extends to this sequence and takes the form: (i) the 2-adic valuation v_2(a(n)) ~ n/4 as n -> oo. (ii) for the other primes of type 2, the p-adic valuation v_p(a(n)) ~ n/(p - 1) as n -> oo. Type 3: primes p such that the sequence of p-adic valuations {v_p(a(n)) : n >= 0} exhibits an oscillatory behavior (this phrase is not precisely defined). An example is given below. We conjecture that the set of type 3 primes consists of primes p == 3 (mod 4), equivalently, rational primes that remain inert in the field extension Q(sqrt(-1)) of Q. See A002145. (End) LINKS Seiichi Manyama, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..450 FORMULA a(n) = ((2*n-1)*a(n-1)-(n^2-2*n+2)*n*a(n-2))/(n-1) for n > 1, a(n) = n for n < 2. - Alois P. Heinz, Apr 11 2018 From Peter Bala, May 27 2023:(Start) a(n) = Sum_{k = 0..floor((n+1)/2)} (-1)^k*|Stirling1(n+1, n-2*k)|, where Stirling1(n, k) = A048994(n,k). The triangular number n*(n+1)/2 divides a(n). See A164652. In particular, if p is an odd prime then p divides a(p). a(2*n) = (-1)^(n+1)*A003703(2*n+1) for n >= 0. a(2*n+1) = (-1)^(n+1)*A009454(2*n+2) for n >= 0. (End) EXAMPLE From Peter Bala, Jun 01 2023: (Start) The sequence of 5-adic valuations [v_5(a(n)) : n = 4..100] = [1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6, 6, 6, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 12, 11, 11, 13, 11, 12, 13, 13, 12, 12, 14, 13, 13, 14, 13, 14, 14, 14, 14, 14, 15, 15, 15, 15, 15, 18, 18, 18, 18, 18, 20, 19, 19, 20, 19, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 21, 21, 21, 21, 21, 22, 22, 22, 22, 22, 24, 25, 25, 24, 24, 25, 25, 25]. Note that v_5(a(100)) = 25 = 100/(5 - 1), in agreement with the asymptotic behavior conjectured above. The sequence of 3-adic valuations [v_3(a(n)) : n >= 4] begins [0, 2, 1, 0, 2, 2, 0, 1, 2, 0, 2, 1, 0, 2, 2, 0, 1, 2, 0, 3, 1, 0, 3, 3, 0, 1, 3, 0, 2, 1, 0, 2, 2, 0, 1, 2, 0, 2, 1, 0, 2, 2, 0, 1, 2, 0, 3, ...], exhibiting the oscillatory behavior for type 3 primes conjectured above. (End) MAPLE a:= proc(n) option remember; `if`(n<2, n, ((2*n-1)*a(n-1)-(n^2-2*n+2)*n*a(n-2))/(n-1)) end: seq(a(n), n=0..25); # Alois P. Heinz, Apr 11 2018 MATHEMATICA Table[Im[Product[1+k*I, {k, 0, n}]], {n, 0, 22}] (* James C. McMahon, Jan 27 2024 *) PROG (PARI) a(n) = imag(prod(k=0, n, 1+k*I)); \\ Michel Marcus, Apr 11 2018 (Python) from sympy.functions.combinatorial.numbers import stirling def A105751(n): return sum(stirling(n+1, n-(k<<1), kind=1)*(-1 if k&1 else 1) for k in range((n>>1)+1)) # Chai Wah Wu, Feb 22 2024 CROSSREFS Cf. A003703, A009454, A048994, A105750, A164652, A231531, A363409 - A363416. Sequence in context: A157310 A172396 A164806 * A177698 A009786 A012738 Adjacent sequences: A105748 A105749 A105750 * A105752 A105753 A105754 KEYWORD easy,sign,changed AUTHOR Paul Barry, Apr 18 2005 STATUS approved

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Last modified February 29 03:50 EST 2024. Contains 370401 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)