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 A104457 Decimal expansion of 1 + phi = phi^2 = (3 + sqrt(5))/2. 53
 2, 6, 1, 8, 0, 3, 3, 9, 8, 8, 7, 4, 9, 8, 9, 4, 8, 4, 8, 2, 0, 4, 5, 8, 6, 8, 3, 4, 3, 6, 5, 6, 3, 8, 1, 1, 7, 7, 2, 0, 3, 0, 9, 1, 7, 9, 8, 0, 5, 7, 6, 2, 8, 6, 2, 1, 3, 5, 4, 4, 8, 6, 2, 2, 7, 0, 5, 2, 6, 0, 4, 6, 2, 8, 1, 8, 9, 0, 2, 4, 4, 9, 7, 0, 7, 2, 0, 7, 2, 0, 4, 1, 8, 9, 3, 9, 1, 1, 3, 7, 4, 8 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,1 COMMENTS Only first term differs from the decimal expansion of phi. Zelo extends work of D. Roy by showing that the square of the golden ratio is the optimal exponent of approximation by algebraic numbers of degree 4 with bounded denominator and trace. - Jonathan Vos Post, Mar 02 2009 (Cf. last sentence in the Zelo reference. - Joerg Arndt, Jan 04 2014) Hawkes asks: "What two numbers are those whose product, difference of their squares, and the ratio or quotient of their cubes, are all equal to each other?". - Charles R Greathouse IV, Dec 11 2012 This is the case n=10 in (Gamma(1/n)/Gamma(3/n))*(Gamma((n-1)/n)/Gamma((n-3)/n)) = 1+2*cos(2*Pi/n). - Bruno Berselli, Dec 14 2012 An algebraic integer of degree 2, with minimal polynomial x^2 - 3x + 1. - Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 12 2014 [The other root is 2 - phi = A132338 - Wolfdieter Lang, Aug 29 2022] To eight digits: 5*(((Pi+1)/e)-1) = 2.61803395481182... - Dan Graham, Nov 21 2017 The ratio diagonal/side of the second smallest diagonal in a regular 10-gon. - Mohammed Yaseen, Nov 04 2020 phi^2/10 is the moment of inertia of a solid regular icosahedron with a unit mass and a unit edge length (see A341906). - Amiram Eldar, Jun 08 2021 REFERENCES Damien Roy. Diophantine Approximation in Small Degree. Centre de Recherches Mathématiques. CRM Proceedings and Lecture Notes. Volume 36 (2004), 269-285. LINKS Ivan Panchenko, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000 Murray Berg, Phi, the golden ratio (to 4599 decimal places) and Fibonacci numbers, Fibonacci Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 2 (1966), pp. 157-162. John Hawkes et al., Question 1029, The Mathematical Questions Proposed in the Ladies' Diary (1817), p. 339. Originally published 1798 and answered in 1799. Casey Mongoven, Phi^2 number 1; electronic music created using Phi^2. Hideyuki Ohtsuka, Problem B-1237, Elementary Problems and Solutions, The Fibonacci Quarterly, Vol. 56, No. 4 (2018), p. 366; A Telescoping Product, Solution to Problem B-1237 by Steve Edwards, ibid., Vol. 57, No. 4 (2019), pp. 369-370. Damien Roy, Diophantine Approximation in Small Degree, arXiv:math/0303150 [math.NT], 2003. Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Fibonacci Hyperbolic Functions. Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Chromatic Polynomial. Wikipedia, Perron number. Dmitrij Zelo, Simultaneous Approximation to Real and p-adic Numbers, arXiv:0903.0086 [math.NT], 2009. Index entries for algebraic numbers, degree 2. Index entries for sequences related to moment of inertia. FORMULA Equals 2 + A094214 = 1 + A001622. - R. J. Mathar, May 19 2008 Satisfies these three equations: x-sqrt(x)-1 = 0; x-1/sqrt(x)-2 = 0; x^2-3*x+1 = 0. - Richard R. Forberg, Oct 11 2014 Equals the nested radical sqrt(phi^2+sqrt(phi^4+sqrt(phi^8+...))). For a proof, see A094885. - Stanislav Sykora, May 24 2016 From Christian Katzmann, Mar 19 2018: (Start) Equals Sum_{n>=0} (5*(2*n)!+8*n!^2)/(2*n!^2*3^(2*n+1)). Equals 3/2 + Sum_{n>=0} 5*(2*n)!/(2*n!^2*3^(2*n+1)). (End) Equals 1/A132338 = 2*A239798 = 5*A229780. - Mohammed Yaseen, Nov 04 2020 Equals Product_{k>=1} 1 + 1/(phi + phi^k), where phi is the golden ratio (A001622) (Ohtsuka, 2018). - Amiram Eldar, Dec 02 2021 c^n = phi * A001906(n) + A001519(n), where c = phi^2. - Gary W. Adamson, Sep 08 2023 Equals lim_{n->oo} S(n, 3)/S(n-1, 3) with the S-Chebyshev polynomials (see A049310), S(3, n) = A000045(2*(n+1)) = A001906(n+1). - Wolfdieter Lang, Nov 15 2023 EXAMPLE 2.6180339887498948482045868343656381177203091798... MATHEMATICA RealDigits[N[GoldenRatio+1, 200]][] (* Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky, Feb 20 2011 *) PROG (PARI) (3+sqrt(5))/2 \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Aug 21 2012 (Magma) SetDefaultRealField(RealField(100)); (1+Sqrt(5))^2/4; // G. C. Greubel, Nov 23 2018 (Sage) numerical_approx(golden_ratio^2, digits=100) # G. C. Greubel, Nov 23 2018 CROSSREFS Cf. A001622, A094214, A094885, A132338, A229780, A239798, A341906. Cf. A001519, A001906, A049310. Sequence in context: A021386 A201936 A019679 * A155832 A136764 A136765 Adjacent sequences: A104454 A104455 A104456 * A104458 A104459 A104460 KEYWORD nonn,cons,easy AUTHOR Eric W. Weisstein, Mar 08 2005 STATUS approved

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Last modified December 1 21:21 EST 2023. Contains 367502 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)