

A104457


Decimal expansion of 1 + phi = phi^2 = (3 + sqrt(5))/2.


47



2, 6, 1, 8, 0, 3, 3, 9, 8, 8, 7, 4, 9, 8, 9, 4, 8, 4, 8, 2, 0, 4, 5, 8, 6, 8, 3, 4, 3, 6, 5, 6, 3, 8, 1, 1, 7, 7, 2, 0, 3, 0, 9, 1, 7, 9, 8, 0, 5, 7, 6, 2, 8, 6, 2, 1, 3, 5, 4, 4, 8, 6, 2, 2, 7, 0, 5, 2, 6, 0, 4, 6, 2, 8, 1, 8, 9, 0, 2, 4, 4, 9, 7, 0, 7, 2, 0, 7, 2, 0, 4, 1, 8, 9, 3, 9, 1, 1, 3, 7, 4, 8
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OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

Only first term differs from the decimal expansion of phi.
Zelo extends work of D. Roy by showing that the square of the golden ratio is the optimal exponent of approximation by algebraic numbers of degree 4 with bounded denominator and trace.  Jonathan Vos Post, Mar 02 2009 (Cf. last sentence in the Zelo reference.  Joerg Arndt, Jan 04 2014)
Hawkes asks: "What two numbers are those whose product, difference of their squares, and the ratio or quotient of their cubes, are all equal to each other?".  Charles R Greathouse IV, Dec 11 2012
This is the case n=10 in (Gamma(1/n)/Gamma(3/n))*(Gamma((n1)/n)/Gamma((n3)/n)) = 1+2*cos(2*Pi/n).  Bruno Berselli, Dec 14 2012
An algebraic integer of degree 2, with minimal polynomial x^2  3x + 1.  Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 12 2014 [The other root is 2  phi = A132338  Wolfdieter Lang, Aug 29 2022]
To eight digits: 5*(((Pi+1)/e)1) = 2.61803395481182...  Dan Graham, Nov 21 2017
The ratio diagonal/side of the second smallest diagonal in a regular 10gon.  Mohammed Yaseen, Nov 04 2020
phi^2/10 is the moment of inertia of a solid regular icosahedron with a unit mass and a unit edge length (see A341906).  Amiram Eldar, Jun 08 2021


REFERENCES

Damien Roy. Diophantine Approximation in Small Degree. Centre de Recherches MathÃ©matiques. CRM Proceedings and Lecture Notes. Volume 36 (2004), 269285.


LINKS

Ivan Panchenko, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000
Murray Berg, Phi, the golden ratio (to 4599 decimal places) and Fibonacci numbers, Fibonacci Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 2 (1966), pp. 157162.
John Hawkes et al., Question 1029, The Mathematical Questions Proposed in the Ladies' Diary (1817), p. 339. Originally published 1798 and answered in 1799.
Casey Mongoven, Phi^2 number 1; electronic music created using Phi^2.
Hideyuki Ohtsuka, Problem B1237, Elementary Problems and Solutions, The Fibonacci Quarterly, Vol. 56, No. 4 (2018), p. 366; A Telescoping Product, Solution to Problem B1237 by Steve Edwards, ibid., Vol. 57, No. 4 (2019), pp. 369370.
Damien Roy, Diophantine Approximation in Small Degree, arXiv:math/0303150 [math.NT], 2003.
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Fibonacci Hyperbolic Functions.
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Chromatic Polynomial.
Wikipedia, Perron number.
Dmitrij Zelo, Simultaneous Approximation to Real and padic Numbers, arXiv:0903.0086 [math.NT], 2009.


FORMULA

Equals 2 + A094214 = 1 + A001622.  R. J. Mathar, May 19 2008
Satisfies these three equations: xsqrt(x)1 = 0; x1/sqrt(x)2 = 0; x^23*x+1 = 0.  Richard R. Forberg, Oct 11 2014
Equals the nested radical sqrt(phi^2+sqrt(phi^4+sqrt(phi^8+...))). For a proof, see A094885.  Stanislav Sykora, May 24 2016
From Christian Katzmann, Mar 19 2018: (Start)
Equals Sum_{n>=0} (5*(2*n)!+8*n!^2)/(2*n!^2*3^(2*n+1)).
Equals 3/2 + Sum_{n>=0} 5*(2*n)!/(2*n!^2*3^(2*n+1)). (End)
Equals 1/A132338 = 2*A239798 = 5*A229780.  Mohammed Yaseen, Nov 04 2020
Equals Product_{k>=1} 1 + 1/(phi + phi^k), where phi is the golden ratio (A001622) (Ohtsuka, 2018).  Amiram Eldar, Dec 02 2021


EXAMPLE

2.6180339887498948482045868343656381177203091798...


MATHEMATICA

RealDigits[N[GoldenRatio+1, 200]][[1]] (* Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky, Feb 20 2011 *)


PROG

(PARI) (3+sqrt(5))/2 \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Aug 21 2012
(Magma) SetDefaultRealField(RealField(100)); (1+Sqrt(5))^2/4; // G. C. Greubel, Nov 23 2018
(Sage) numerical_approx(golden_ratio^2, digits=100) # G. C. Greubel, Nov 23 2018


CROSSREFS

Cf. A001622, A094214, A094885, A132338, A229780, A239798, A341906.
Sequence in context: A021386 A201936 A019679 * A155832 A136764 A136765
Adjacent sequences: A104454 A104455 A104456 * A104458 A104459 A104460


KEYWORD

nonn,cons,easy


AUTHOR

Eric W. Weisstein, Mar 08 2005


STATUS

approved



