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A084769 P_n(9), where P_n is n-th Legendre polynomial; also, a(n) = central coefficient of (1 + 9*x + 20*x^2)^n. 11
1, 9, 121, 1809, 28401, 458649, 7544041, 125700129, 2114588641, 35836273449, 610897146201, 10463745263409, 179939616743121, 3104680678772409, 53721299280288201, 931852905510160449, 16198821321758152641 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

LINKS

Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..200

Hacène Belbachir, Abdelghani Mehdaoui, László Szalay, Diagonal Sums in the Pascal Pyramid, II: Applications, J. Int. Seq., Vol. 22 (2019), Article 19.3.5.

V. Kotesovec, Asymptotic of a sums of powers of binomial coefficients * x^k, 2012.

Tony D. Noe, On the Divisibility of Generalized Central Trinomial Coefficients, Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 9 (2006), Article 06.2.7.

FORMULA

G.f.: 1/sqrt(1-18*x+x^2).

Also a(n) = (n+1)-th term of the binomial transform of 1/(1-4x)^(n+1).

From Paul Barry, May 25 2005: (Start)

E.g.f.: exp(9*x)*Bessel_I(0, 2*sqrt(20)*x);

a(n) = Sum_{k=0..n} C(n, k)*C(n+k, k)4^k. (End)

D-finite with recurrence: n*a(n) + 9*(1-2*n)*a(n-1) + (n-1)*a(n-2) = 0. - R. J. Mathar, Sep 27 2012

a(n) = Sum_{k=0..n} binomial(n,k)^2 * 4^k * 5^(n-k). - Paul D. Hanna, Sep 29 2012

a(n) ~ sqrt(200 + 90*sqrt(5))*(9 + 4*sqrt(5))^n/(20*sqrt(Pi*n)) = (2 + sqrt(5))^(2*n+1)/(5^(1/4)*2*sqrt(2*Pi*n)). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Oct 14 2012

a(n) = hypergeom([-n, n+1], [1], -4). - Peter Luschny, May 23 2014

x*exp(Sum_{n >= 1} a(n)*x^n/n) = x + 9*x^2 + 101*x^3 + 1269*x^4 + ... is an integral power series, the o.g.f. for A269732. - Peter Bala, Jan 25 2018

MATHEMATICA

Table[SeriesCoefficient[1/Sqrt[1-18*x+x^2], {x, 0, n}], {n, 0, 20}] (* Vaclav Kotesovec, Oct 14 2012 *)

PROG

(PARI) for(n=0, 30, print1(subst(pollegendre(n), x, 9)", "))

(PARI) {a(n)=sum(k=0, n, binomial(n, k)^2*4^k*5^(n-k))} \\ Paul D. Hanna, Sep 29 2012

CROSSREFS

Cf. A269732.

Sequence in context: A183514 A138978 A046184 * A246467 A202835 A321847

Adjacent sequences:  A084766 A084767 A084768 * A084770 A084771 A084772

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Paul D. Hanna, Jun 03 2003

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 12 09:53 EDT 2021. Contains 343821 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)