

A082368


a(n) = (4*n1)! / (n! * n! * n! * (n1)! * 3!).


4



1, 105, 15400, 2627625, 488864376, 96197645544, 19688264481600, 4148378852099625, 893864677761055000, 196056702961398759480, 43627992869961630486720, 9825387560922608865863400, 2235197406895366368301560000, 512889830640524227455318600000
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OFFSET

1,2


COMMENTS

Number of combinations that are possible when placing teams ranked #1 to #4*N in a single elimination tournament where there are four columns of N teams (as in the NCAA Men's Division1 basketball tournament that is played in March) and each column is a separate regional tournament that produces one of the four semifinalists. (The teams in the columns appear in sorted order and the relative positions of the four columns is irrelevant.)
Number of ways of dividing 4n labeled items into 4 unlabeled boxes with n items in each box.  Dan Parrish, Apr 09 2015


LINKS

Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..300


FORMULA

a(n) = binomial(4*n,n)*binomial(3*n,n)*binomial(2*n,n)/24.  Zerinvary Lajos, Jun 25 2006
a(n) = (4n)!/(4!*n!^4).  Dan Parrish, Apr 09 2015
From Robert Israel, Apr 09 2015: (Start)
a(n) = Gamma(2*n+1/2)*Gamma(n+1/2)*64^n/(24*Pi*(n!)^3).
a(n+1) = 8*(2*n+1)*(4*n+1)*(4*n+3)*a(n)/(n+1)^3.
G.f.: g(x) = x*hypergeom([1,5/4,3/2,7/4],[2,2,2],256*x) satisfies
x^4*(256*x1)*g''''(x) + 5*x^3*(384*x1)*g'''(x) + 4*x^2*(780*x1)*g''(x) + 840*x^2*g'(x) = 0. (End)


EXAMPLE

8 ranked teams (n=2) in a four region, single elimination tournament generates 105 different possible tournament orderings, where the teams in each region are ordered from best to worst. (Teams would be matched up from top to bottom and continue towards the middle two for other matchups, when more than two teams are listed in each column.) 105 tournaments is too many to list here. As this formula applies to single elimination tournaments, this enumeration formula really only makes sense when n is even.


MAPLE

[seq(binomial(4*n, n)*binomial(3*n, n)*binomial(2*n, n)/24, n=1..17)]; # Zerinvary Lajos, Jun 25 2006


MATHEMATICA

Table[(4 n)! / (4! n!^4), {n, 30}] (* Vincenzo Librandi, Jun 16 2017 *)


PROG

(PARI) a(n)=(4*n)!/(4!*n!^4) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Apr 09 2015
(MAGMA) [Factorial(4*n1) / (Factorial(n)*Factorial(n)* Factorial(n)*Factorial(n1)*6): n in [1..15]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Jun 16 2017


CROSSREFS

Row 4 of A060540.
Cf. A000984, A005809, A005810.
Sequence in context: A255497 A094075 A199519 * A001546 A111647 A295463
Adjacent sequences: A082365 A082366 A082367 * A082369 A082370 A082371


KEYWORD

easy,nonn


AUTHOR

John A. Trono (jtrono(AT)smcvt.edu), May 10 2003


EXTENSIONS

More terms from Zerinvary Lajos, Jun 25 2006


STATUS

approved



