login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo


Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A075870 Numbers k such that 2*k^2 - 4 is a square. 15
2, 10, 58, 338, 1970, 11482, 66922, 390050, 2273378, 13250218, 77227930, 450117362, 2623476242, 15290740090, 89120964298, 519435045698, 3027489309890, 17645500813642, 102845515571962, 599427592618130, 3493720040136818, 20362892648202778, 118683635849079850 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Lim_{n->inf} a(n)/a(n-1) = 3 + 2*sqrt(2).

Also gives solutions to the equation x^2-2 = floor(x*r*floor(x/r)) where r=sqrt(2). - Benoit Cloitre, Feb 14 2004

The upper intermediate convergents to 2^(1/2) beginning with 10/7, 58/41, 338/239, 1970/1393 form a strictly decreasing sequence; essentially, numerators=A075870, denominators=A002315. - Clark Kimberling, Aug 27 2008

Numbers n such that sqrt(floor(n^2/2 - 1)) is an integer.  The integer square roots are given by A002315. - Richard R. Forberg, Aug 01 2013

a(n) are the integer square roots of m^2 + (m+2)^2. The values of m are given by A065113 (except for m = 0). The values of this expression are given by A165518. - Richard R. Forberg, Aug 15 2013

Values of x (or y) in the solutions to x^2 - 6*x*y + y^2 + 16 = 0. - Colin Barker, Feb 04 2014

Also integers k such that k^2 is equal to the sum of four consecutive triangular numbers. - Colin Barker, Dec 20 2014

Equivalently, numbers x such that (x-1)*x/2 + x*(x+1)/2 = (y-1)^2 + (y+1)^2. y-values are listed in A002315. Example: for x=58 and y=41, 57*58/2 + 58*59/2 = 40^2 + 42^2. - Bruno Berselli, Mar 19 2018

REFERENCES

A. H. Beiler, "The Pellian", ch. 22 in Recreations in the Theory of Numbers: The Queen of Mathematics Entertains. Dover, New York, New York, pp. 248-268, 1966.

L. E. Dickson, History of the Theory of Numbers, Vol. II, Diophantine Analysis. AMS Chelsea Publishing, Providence, Rhode Island, 1999, pp. 341-400.

Peter G. L. Dirichlet, Lectures on Number Theory (History of Mathematics Source Series, V. 16); American Mathematical Society, Providence, Rhode Island, 1999, pp. 139-147.

LINKS

Colin Barker, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000

Tanya Khovanova, Recursive Sequences

J. J. O'Connor and E. F. Robertson, Pell's Equation

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Pell Equation.

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (6,-1).

FORMULA

a(n) = 2 * A001653(n).

a(n) = (1/sqrt(2))*((1+sqrt(2))^(2*n-1) - (1-sqrt(2))^(2*n-1)) = 6*a(n-1) - a(n-2).

G.f.: 2*x*(1-x)/(1-6*x+x^2). - Philippe Deléham, Nov 17 2008

EXAMPLE

From Muniru A Asiru, Mar 19 2018: (Start)

For k=2, 2*2^2 - 4 = 8 - 4 = 4 = 2^2.

For k=10, 2*10^2 - 4 = 200 - 4 =  196 = 14^2.

For k=58, 2*58^2 - 4 = 6728 - 4 =  6724 = 82^2.

... (End)

MAPLE

a:= proc(n) option remember: if n = 1 then 2 elif n = 2 then 10 elif  n >= 3 then 6*procname(n-1) - procname(n-2) fi; end: seq(a(n), n = 0..25); # Muniru A Asiru, Mar 19 2018

MATHEMATICA

LinearRecurrence[{6, -1}, {2, 10}, 30] (* Harvey P. Dale, Sep 27 2018 *)

PROG

(PARI) Vec(2*x*(1-x)/(1-6*x+x^2) + O(x^100)) \\ Colin Barker, Dec 20 2014

(GAP) a:=[2, 10];; for n in [3..25] do a[n]:=6*a[n-1]-a[n-2]; od; a; # Muniru A Asiru, Mar 19 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000217, A000290, A002315.

Sequence in context: A235321 A248403 A278095 * A074608 A086871 A108450

Adjacent sequences:  A075867 A075868 A075869 * A075871 A075872 A075873

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Gregory V. Richardson, Oct 16 2002

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Colin Barker, Dec 20 2014

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent | More pages
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified October 22 16:41 EDT 2018. Contains 316490 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)