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A051006 Prime constant: decimal value of (A010051 interpreted as a binary number). 44
4, 1, 4, 6, 8, 2, 5, 0, 9, 8, 5, 1, 1, 1, 1, 6, 6, 0, 2, 4, 8, 1, 0, 9, 6, 2, 2, 1, 5, 4, 3, 0, 7, 7, 0, 8, 3, 6, 5, 7, 7, 4, 2, 3, 8, 1, 3, 7, 9, 1, 6, 9, 7, 7, 8, 6, 8, 2, 4, 5, 4, 1, 4, 4, 8, 8, 6, 4, 0, 9, 6, 0, 6, 1, 9, 3, 5, 7, 3, 3, 4, 1, 9, 6, 2, 9, 0, 0, 4, 8, 4, 2, 8, 4, 7, 5, 7, 7, 7, 9, 3, 9, 6, 1, 6 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,1

COMMENTS

From Ferenc Adorjan (fadorjan(AT)freemail.hu): (Start)

Decimal expansion of the representation of the sequence of primes by a single real in (0,1).

Any monotonic integer sequence can be represented by a real number in (0, 1) such a way that in the binary representation of the real, the n-th fractional digit is 1 if and only if n is in the sequence.

Examples of the inverse mapping are A092855 and A092857. (End)

Is the prime constant an EL number? See Chow's 1999 article. - Lorenzo Sauras Altuzarra, Oct 05 2020

LINKS

Harry J. Smith, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..20000

Ferenc Adorjan, Binary mapping of monotonic sequences and the Aronson function

Timothy Y. Chow, What is a Closed-Form Number?, The American Mathematical Monthly, Vol. 106, No. 5. (May, 1999), pp. 440-448.

Igor Pak, Complexity problems in enumerative combinatorics, arXiv:1803.06636 [math.CO], 2018.

Simon Plouffe, Primes coded in binary to 1000 digits

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Prime Constant

FORMULA

Prime constant C = Sum_{k>=1} 1/2^p(k), where p(k) is the k-th prime. - Alexander Adamchuk, Aug 22 2006

From Amiram Eldar, Aug 11 2020: (Start)

Equals Sum_{k>=1} A010051(k)/2^k.

Equals Sum_{k>=1} 1/A034785(k).

Equals (1/2) * A119523.

Equals Sum_{k>=1} pi(k)/2^(k+1), where pi(k) = A000720(k). (End)

EXAMPLE

0.414682509851111660... (base 10) = .01101010001010001010001... (base 2).

MAPLE

a := n -> ListTools:-Reverse(convert(floor(evalf[1000](sum(1/2^ithprime(k), k = 1 .. infinity)*10^(n+1))), base, 10))[n+1]: - Lorenzo Sauras Altuzarra, Oct 05 2020

MATHEMATICA

RealDigits[ FromDigits[ {{Table[ If[ PrimeQ[n], 1, 0], {n, 370}]}, 0}, 2], 10, 111][[1]] (* Robert G. Wilson v, Jan 15 2005 *)

RealDigits[Sum[1/2^Prime[k], {k, 1000}], 10, 100][[1]] (* Alexander Adamchuk, Aug 22 2006 *)

PROG

(PARI) { mt(v)= /*Returns the binary mapping of v monotonic sequence as a real in (0, 1)*/ local(a=0.0, p=1, l); l=matsize(v)[2]; for(i=1, l, a+=2^(-v[i])); return(a)} \\ Ferenc Adorjan

(PARI) { default(realprecision, 20080); x=0; m=67000; for (n=1, m, if (isprime(n), a=1, a=0); x=2*x+a; ); x=10*x/2^m; for (n=0, 20000, d=floor(x); x=(x-d)*10; write("b051006.txt", n, " ", d)); } \\ Harry J. Smith, Jun 15 2009

(PARI) suminf(n=1, .5^prime(n)) \\ Then: digits(%\.1^default(realprecision)) to get seq. of digits. N.B.: Functions sumpos() and sumnum() yield much less accurate results. - M. F. Hasler, Jul 04 2017

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000720, A010051, A034785, A051007, A132800, A092857, A092858, A092859, A092860, A092861, A092862, A092863, A092874, A119523.

Sequence in context: A110361 A193750 A092856 * A072812 A244097 A162956

Adjacent sequences:  A051003 A051004 A051005 * A051007 A051008 A051009

KEYWORD

nonn,cons

AUTHOR

Eric W. Weisstein

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 5 00:42 EST 2020. Contains 338943 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)