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A047819 a(n) = Product_{i=1..n} ((i+3)*(i+4)*(i+5))/(i*(i+1)*(i+2)). 11
1, 20, 175, 980, 4116, 14112, 41580, 108900, 259545, 572572, 1184183, 2318680, 4331600, 7768320, 13441968, 22535064, 36729945, 58373700, 90684055, 138003404, 206108980, 302588000, 437287500, 622849500, 875343105, 1215006156, 1667110095 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Number of tilings of a <3,n,3> hexagon.

Kekulé numbers for certain benzenoids. - Emeric Deutsch, Jun 18 2005

Partial sums of A107891. - Peter Bala, Sep 21 2007

Determinant of the 3 X 3 matrix with rows [C(n+3,3) C(n+3,4) C(n+3,5)], [C(n+4,3) C(n+4,4) C(n+4,5)], and [C(n+5,3) C(n+5,4) C(n+5,5)]. - J. M. Bergot, Sep 10 2013

REFERENCES

O. D. Anderson, Find the next sequence, J. Rec. Math., 8 (No. 4, 1975-1976), 241.

S. J. Cyvin and I. Gutman, Kekulé structures in benzenoid hydrocarbons, Lecture Notes in Chemistry, No. 46, Springer, New York, 1988 (p. 232, # 2 and p. 105, eq.(ii), K(0a(2,5,n))).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..26.

P. Aluffi, Degrees of projections of rank loci, arXiv:1408.1702, 2014. ["After compiling the results of many explicit computations, we noticed that many of the numbers d_{n,r,S} appear in the existing literature in contexts far removed from the enumerative geometry of rank conditions; we owe this surprising (to us) observation to perusal of [Slo14]."]

O. D. Anderson, Find the next sequence, J. Rec. Math., 8 (No. 4, 1975-1976), 241. [Annotated scanned copy]

H. Helfgott and I. M. Gessel, Enumeration of tilings of diamonds and hexagons with defects, arXiv:math/9810143 [math.CO], 1998.

J. M. Landsberg and L. Manivel, The sextonions and E7 1/2 Adv. Math. 201 (2006), 143-179. [Th. 7.2(ii), case a=2].

FORMULA

G.f.: (1 + 10*x + 20*x^2 + 10*x^3 + x^4) / (1 - x)^10. - Michael Somos, Nov 14 2002

a(n) = C(n,n-1)*C(n+1,n-2)*C(n+2,n-3)/12, n>=3 . - Zerinvary Lajos, May 29 2007

a(n-3) = 1/24*sum {1 <= x_1, x_2, x_3 <= n} (det V(x_1,x_2,x_3))^2 = 1/24*sum {1 <= i,j,k <= n} ((i-j)(i-k)(j-k))^2, where V(x_1,x_2,x_3) is the Vandermonde matrix of order 3. - Peter Bala, Sep 21 2007

a(n) = -a(-6-n) for all n in Z. - Michael Somos, Dec 26 2016

EXAMPLE

G.f. = 1 + 20*x + 175*x^2 + 980*x^3 + 4116*x^4 + 14112*x^5 + 41580*x^6 + ...

MAPLE

a:=n->(n+1)*(n+2)^2*(n+3)^3*(n+4)^2*(n+5)/8640: seq(a(n), n=0..30); # Emeric Deutsch, Jun 18 2005

seq(binomial(n, n-1)*binomial(n+1, n-2)*binomial(n+2, n-3)/12, n=3..29); # Zerinvary Lajos, May 29 2007

MATHEMATICA

a[n_] :=(n + 1)*(n + 2)^2*(n + 3)^3*(n + 4)^2*(n + 5)/8640;

Table[a[n], {n, 0, 30}] (* Jean-François Alcover, Jul 19 2018, after Emeric Deutsch *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n) = if( n<0, 0, binomial(n+5, 5) * binomial(n+4, 3) * (n+3) / 12)}; /* Michael Somos, Nov 14 2002 */

(PARI) {a(n) = my(s=sign(n+3)); n=abs(n+3)-3; -s/8 * polcoeff( charpoly( matrix(n+3, n+3, i, j, (i-j)^2)), n)}; /* Michael Somos, Nov 14 2002 */

CROSSREFS

Third row of array A103905.

Cf. A002415, A107891, A107915, A133708.

Sequence in context: A022712 A056128 A027791 * A163689 A140044 A027332

Adjacent sequences:  A047816 A047817 A047818 * A047820 A047821 A047822

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 27 13:18 EST 2020. Contains 332306 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)