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A022915 Multinomial coefficients (0, 1, ..., n)! = C(n+1,2)!/(0!*1!*2!*...*n!). 36
1, 1, 3, 60, 12600, 37837800, 2053230379200, 2431106898187968000, 73566121315513295589120000, 65191584694745586153436251091200000, 1906765806522767212441719098019963758016000000, 2048024348726152339387799085049745725891853852479488000000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Number of ways to put numbers 1, 2, ..., n*(n+1)/2 in a triangular array of n rows in such a way that each row is increasing. Also number of ways to choose groups of 1, 2, 3, ..., n-1 and n objects out of n*(n+1)/2 objects. - Floor van Lamoen, Jul 16 2001

a(n) is the number of ways to linearly order the multiset {1,2,2,3,3,3,...n,n,...n}. - Geoffrey Critzer, Mar 08 2009

Also the number of distinct adjacency matrices in the n-triangular honeycomb rook graph. - Eric W. Weisstein, Jul 14 2017

LINKS

Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..35

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Adjacency Matrix

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Multinomial Coefficient

FORMULA

a(n) = (n*(n+1)/2)!/(0!*1!*2!*...*n!).

a(n) = a(n-1) * A014068(n). - Dan Fux (dan.fux(AT)OpenGaia.com or danfux(AT)OpenGaia.com), Apr 08 2001.

a(n) = A052295(n)/A000178(n). - Lekraj Beedassy, Feb 19 2004

a(n) = A208437(n*(n+1)/2,n). - Alois P. Heinz, Apr 08 2016

a(n) ~ A * exp(n^2/4 + n + 1/6) * n^(n^2/2 + 7/12) / (2^((n+1)^2/2) * Pi^(n/2)), where A is the Glaisher-Kinkelin constant A074962. - Vaclav Kotesovec, May 02 2019

a(n) = A327803(n*(n+1)/2,n). - Alois P. Heinz, Sep 25 2019

a(n) = A008480(A006939(n)). - Gus Wiseman, Aug 12 2020

EXAMPLE

From Gus Wiseman, Aug 12 2020: (Start)

The a(3) = 60 permutations of the prime indices of A006939(3) = 360:

  (111223)  (121123)  (131122)  (212113)  (231211)

  (111232)  (121132)  (131212)  (212131)  (232111)

  (111322)  (121213)  (131221)  (212311)  (311122)

  (112123)  (121231)  (132112)  (213112)  (311212)

  (112132)  (121312)  (132121)  (213121)  (311221)

  (112213)  (121321)  (132211)  (213211)  (312112)

  (112231)  (122113)  (211123)  (221113)  (312121)

  (112312)  (122131)  (211132)  (221131)  (312211)

  (112321)  (122311)  (211213)  (221311)  (321112)

  (113122)  (123112)  (211231)  (223111)  (321121)

  (113212)  (123121)  (211312)  (231112)  (321211)

  (113221)  (123211)  (211321)  (231121)  (322111)

(End)

MAPLE

with(combinat):

a:= n-> multinomial(binomial(n+1, 2), $0..n):

seq(a(n), n=0..12);  # Alois P. Heinz, May 18 2013

MATHEMATICA

Table[Apply[Multinomial , Range[n]], {n, 0, 20}]  (* Geoffrey Critzer, Dec 09 2012 *)

Table[Multinomial @@ Range[n], {n, 0, 20}] (* Eric W. Weisstein, Jul 14 2017 *)

Table[Binomial[n + 1, 2]!/BarnesG[n + 2], {n, 0, 20}] (* Eric W. Weisstein, Jul 14 2017 *)

Table[Length[Permutations[Join@@Table[i, {i, n}, {i}]]], {n, 0, 4}] (* Gus Wiseman, Aug 12 2020 *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n) = binomial(n+1, 2)!/prod(k=1, n, k^(n+1-k)); \\ Michel Marcus, May 02 2019

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000178, A014068, A022919, A052295, A208437, A327803.

A190945 counts the case of anti-run permutations.

A317829 counts partitions of this multiset.

A325617 is the version for factorials instead of superprimorials.

A006939 lists superprimorials or Chernoff numbers.

A008480 counts permutations of prime indices.

A181818 gives products of superprimorials, with complement A336426.

Cf. A000142, A022559, A027423, A076954, A112798, A303279, A336417.

Sequence in context: A006821 A165626 A120307 * A093883 A203518 A297562

Adjacent sequences:  A022912 A022913 A022914 * A022916 A022917 A022918

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Clark Kimberling

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Larry Reeves (larryr(AT)acm.org), Apr 11 2001

More terms from Michel ten Voorde, Apr 12 2001

Better definition from L. Edson Jeffery, May 18 2013

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 18 07:01 EDT 2021. Contains 343994 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)