login
The OEIS is supported by the many generous donors to the OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo
Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A000914 Stirling numbers of the first kind: s(n+2, n).
(Formerly M1998 N0789)
51
0, 2, 11, 35, 85, 175, 322, 546, 870, 1320, 1925, 2717, 3731, 5005, 6580, 8500, 10812, 13566, 16815, 20615, 25025, 30107, 35926, 42550, 50050, 58500, 67977, 78561, 90335, 103385, 117800, 133672, 151096, 170170, 190995, 213675, 238317, 265031 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,2
COMMENTS
Sum of product of unordered pairs of numbers from {1..n+1}.
Number of edges of a complete k-partite graph of order k*(k+1)/2 (A000217), K_1,2,3,...,k. - Roberto E. Martinez II, Oct 18 2001
This sequence holds the x^(n-2) coefficient of the characteristic polynomial of the N X N matrix A formed by MAX(i,j), where i is the row index and j is the column index of element A[i][j], 1 <= i,j <= N. Here N >= 2. - Paul Max Payton, Sep 06 2005
The sequence contains the partial sums of A006002, which represent the areas beneath lines created by the triangular numbers plotted (t(1),t(2)) connected to (t(2),t(3)) then (t(3),t(4))...(t(n-1),t(n)) and the x-axis. - J. M. Bergot, May 05 2012
Number of functions f from [n+2] to [n+2] with f(x)=x for exactly n elements x of [n+2] and f(x)>x for exactly two elements x of [n+2]. To prove this, let the two elements of [n+2] with a larger image be labeled i and j. Note both i and j must be less than n+2. Then there are (n+2-i) choices for f(i) and (n+2-j) choices for f(j). Summing the product of the number of choices over all sets {i,j} gives us "Sum of product of unordered pairs of numbers from {1..n+1}" in the first line of the Comments Section. See the example in the Example Section below. - Dennis P. Walsh, Sep 06 2017
REFERENCES
M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards Applied Math. Series 55, 1964 (and various reprintings), p. 833.
George E. Andrews, Number Theory, Dover Publications, New York, 1971, p. 4.
Louis Comtet, Advanced Combinatorics, Reidel, 1974, p. 227, #16.
F. N. David, M. G. Kendall and D. E. Barton, Symmetric Function and Allied Tables, Cambridge, 1966, p. 226.
H. S. Hall and S. R. Knight, Higher Algebra, Fourth Edition, Macmillan, 1891, p. 518.
N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence).
N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).
LINKS
M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards, Applied Math. Series 55, Tenth Printing, 1972 [alternative scanned copy].
Karl Dienger, Beiträge zur Lehre von den arithmetischen und geometrischen Reihen höherer Ordnung, Jahres-Bericht Ludwig-Wilhelm-Gymnasium Rastatt, Rastatt, 1910. [Annotated scanned copy]
Robert E. Moritz, On the sum of products of n consecutive integers, Univ. Washington Publications in Math., Vol. 1, No. 3 (1926), pp. 44-49. [Annotated scanned copy]
Simon Plouffe, Approximations de séries génératrices et quelques conjectures, Dissertation, Université du Québec à Montréal, 1992, arXiv:0911.4975 [math.NT], 2009.
Simon Plouffe, 1031 Generating Functions, Appendix to Thesis, Montreal, 1992.
FORMULA
a(n) = binomial(n+2, 3)*(3*n+5)/4 = (n+1)*n*(n+2)*(3*n+5)/24.
E.g.f.: exp(x)*x*(48 + 84*x + 32*x^2 + 3*x^3)/24.
G.f.: (2*x+x^2)/(1-x)^5. - Simon Plouffe in his 1992 dissertation.
a(n) = Sum_{i=1..n} i*(i+1)^2/2. - Jon Perry, Jul 31 2003
a(n) = A052149(n+1)/2. - J. M. Bergot, Jun 02 2012
-(3*n+2)*(n-1)*a(n) + (n+2)*(3*n+5)*a(n-1) = 0. - R. J. Mathar, Apr 30 2015
a(n) = a(n-1) + (n+1)*binomial(n+1,2) for n >= 1. - Dennis P. Walsh, Sep 21 2015
a(n) = A001296(-2-n) for all n in Z. - Michael Somos, Sep 04 2017
From Amiram Eldar, Jan 10 2022: (Start)
Sum_{n>=1} 1/a(n) = 162*log(3)/5 - 18*sqrt(3)*Pi/5 - 384/25.
Sum_{n>=1} (-1)^(n+1)/a(n) = 36*sqrt(3)*Pi/5 - 96*log(2)/5 - 636/25. (End)
EXAMPLE
Examples include E(K_1,2,3) = s(2+2,2) = 11 and E(K_1,2,3,4,5) = s(4+2,4) = 85, where E is the function that counts edges of graphs.
For n=2 the a(2)=11 functions f:[4]->[4] with exactly two f(x)=x and two f(x)>x are given by the 11 image vectors of form <f(1),f(2),f(3),f(4)> that follow: <1,3,4,4>, <1,4,4,4>, <2,2,4,4>, <3,2,4,4>, <4,2,4,4>, <2,3,3,4>, <2,4,3,4>, <3,3,3,4>, <3,4,3,4>, <4,3,3,4>, and <4,4,3,4>. - Dennis P. Walsh, Sep 06 2017
MAPLE
A000914 := n -> 1/24*(n+1)*n*(n+2)*(3*n+5);
A000914 := proc(n)
combinat[stirling1](n+2, n) ;
end proc: # R. J. Mathar, May 19 2016
MATHEMATICA
Table[StirlingS1[n+2, n], {n, 0, 40}] (* Harvey P. Dale, Aug 24 2011 *)
a[ n_] := n (n + 1) (n + 2) (3 n + 5) / 24; (* Michael Somos, Sep 04 2017 *)
PROG
(PARI) a(n)=sum(i=1, n+1, sum(j=1, n+1, i*j*(i<j)))
(PARI) a(n)=sum(i=1, n+1, sum(j=1, i-1, i*j)) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Apr 07 2015
(PARI) a(n) = binomial(n+2, 3)*(3*n+5)/4 \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Apr 07 2015
(Sage) [stirling_number1(n+2, n) for n in range(41)] # Zerinvary Lajos, Mar 14 2009
(Haskell)
a000914 n = a000914_list !! n
a000914_list = scanl1 (+) a006002_list
-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Mar 25 2014
(Magma) [StirlingFirst(n+2, n): n in [0..40]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, May 28 2019
CROSSREFS
Cf. similar sequences listed in A241765.
Cf. A001296.
Sequence in context: A337640 A041389 A205342 * A256317 A086735 A242300
KEYWORD
nonn,easy,nice
AUTHOR
EXTENSIONS
More terms from Klaus Strassburger (strass(AT)ddfi.uni-duesseldorf.de), Jan 17 2000
Comments from Michael Somos, Jan 29 2000
Erroneous duplicate of the polynomial formula removed by R. J. Mathar, Sep 15 2009
STATUS
approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recents
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified May 28 02:01 EDT 2023. Contains 362992 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)