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A273404 Number of ordered ways to write n as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with x + 24*y a square, where x,y,z,w are nonnegative integers with z <= w. 11
1, 2, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 1, 3, 4, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 5, 2, 3, 3, 2, 1, 1, 4, 5, 4, 2, 2, 4, 3, 3, 3, 6, 2, 6, 5, 3, 3, 3, 7, 6, 2, 2, 5, 4, 1, 2, 3, 7, 6, 8, 4, 5, 5, 2, 4, 5, 2, 3, 5, 3, 4, 2, 5, 9, 4, 5, 4, 5, 1, 3, 5, 4, 5, 5, 4, 2, 3, 3 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Conjecture: a(n) > 0 for all n = 0,1,2,..., and a(n) = 1 only for n = 0, 16^k*m (k = 0,1,2,... and m = 8, 12, 23, 24, 47, 71, 168, 344, 632).

For more conjectural refinements of Lagrange's four-square theorem, one may consult arXiv:1604.06723.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000

Zhi-Wei Sun, Refining Lagrange's four-square theorem, arXiv:1604.06723 [math.GM], 2016.

EXAMPLE

a(8) = 1 since 8 = 0^2 + 0^2 + 2^2 + 2^2 with 0 + 24*0 = 0^2.

a(12) = 1 since 12 = 1^2 + 1^2 + 1^2 + 3^2 with 1 + 24*1 = 5^2.

a(23) = 1 since 23 = 1^2 + 2^2 + 3^2 + 3^2 with 1 + 24*2 = 7^2.

a(24) = 1 since 24 = 4^2 + 0^2 + 2^2 + 2^2 with 4 + 24*0 = 2^2.

a(47) = 1 since 47 = 1^2 + 1^2 + 3^2 + 6^2 with 1 + 24*1 = 5^2.

a(71) = 1 since 71 = 1^2 + 5^2 + 3^2 + 6^2 with 1 + 24*5 = 11^2.

a(168) = 1 since 168 = 4^2 + 4^2 + 6^2 + 10^2 with 4 + 24*4 = 10^2.

a(344) = 1 since 344 = 4^2 + 0^2 + 2^2 + 18^2 with 4 + 24*0 = 2^2.

a(632) = 1 since 632 = 0^2 + 6^2 + 14^2 + 20^2 with 0 + 24*6 = 12^2.

MATHEMATICA

SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]]

Do[r=0; Do[If[SQ[n-x^2-y^2-z^2]&&SQ[x+24y], r=r+1], {x, 0, Sqrt[n]}, {y, 0, Sqrt[n-x^2]}, {z, 0, Sqrt[(n-x^2-y^2)/2]}]; Print[n, " ", r]; Label[aa]; Continue, {n, 0, 80}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000118, A000290, A260625, A261876, A262357, A267121, A268197, A268507, A269400, A270073, A271510, A271513, A271518, A271608, A271665, A271714, A271721, A271724, A271775, A271778, A271824, A272084, A272332, A272351, A272620, A272888, A272977, A273021, A273107, A273108, A273110, A273134, A273278, A273294, A273302.

Sequence in context: A126014 A317420 A256795 * A281976 A300708 A240755

Adjacent sequences:  A273401 A273402 A273403 * A273405 A273406 A273407

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, May 21 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 23 05:58 EST 2019. Contains 320411 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)