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A273110 Number of ordered ways to write n as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with (x+4*y+4*z)^2 + (9*x+3*y+3*z)^2 a square, where x,y,z,w are nonnegative integers with y > 0 and y >= z <= w. 15
1, 2, 2, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 5, 6, 2, 2, 2, 3, 1, 3, 3, 4, 6, 1, 4, 4, 1, 2, 6, 5, 3, 3, 2, 5, 1, 3, 6, 5, 4, 3, 4, 3, 1, 2, 4, 7, 7, 2, 4, 8, 1, 2, 6, 3, 4, 2, 4, 5, 4, 1, 7, 8, 4, 5, 4, 4, 1, 6, 5, 7, 5, 2, 4, 5, 1, 2 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Conjecture: (i) a(n) > 0 for all n > 0, and a(n) = 1 only for n = 4^k*m (k = 0,1,2,... and m = 1, 7, 23, 31, 39, 47, 55, 71, 79, 119, 151, 191, 311, 671).

(ii) Any natural number can be written as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with (x+y+z)^2 + (4*(x+y-z))^2 a square, where x,y,z,w are nonnegative integers with x+y >= z.

(iii) For each tuple (a,b,c,d,e,f) = (1,1,1,3,6,-3), (1,1,1,4,12,-12), (1,1,2,1,1,-5), (1,1,2,1,8,-5), (1,1,2,3,3,-3), (1,1,2,4,4,-8), (1,3,11,12,4,4), (1,3,14,16,4,4), (1,3,14,18,4,2), (1,3,20,16,4,12), (1,4,11,6,3,3), (1,5,13,12,12,12), (1,5,14,15,12,21), (1,6,6,16,8,8), (1,6,14,12,8,8), (1,6,14,16,8,4), (1,6,17,20,8,4), (1,6,20,20,8,8), (1,7,8,4,2,6), (1,7,8,10,5,15), (1,7,9,10,5,12), (1,7,15,4,2,8), (1,7,15,10,5,20), any natural number can be written as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with x,y,z,w nonnegative integers such that (a*x+b*y+c*z)^2 + (d*x+e*y+f*z)^2 is a square.

It was proved in arXiv:1604.06723 that any positive integer can be written as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with x,y,z,w nonnegative integers and y > 0 such that x+4*y+4*z and 9*x+3*y+3*z are the two legs of a right triangle with positive integer sides.

See also A271714, A273107, A273108 and A273134 for similar conjectures related to Pythagorean triples. For more conjectural refinements of Lagrange's four-square theorem, one may consult arXiv:1604.06723.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Zhi-Wei Sun, Refining Lagrange's four-square theorem, arXiv:1604.06723 [math.GM], 2016.

EXAMPLE

a(1) = 1 since 1 = 0^2 + 1^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 with 1 > 0 = 0 and (0+4*1+4*0)^2 + (9*0+3*1+3*0)^2 = 5^2.

a(7) = 1 since 7 = 2^2 + 1^2 + 1^2 + 1^2 with 0 < 1 = 1 = 1 and (2+4*1+4*1)^2 + (9*2+3*1+3*1)^2 = 26^2.

a(23) = 1 since 23 = 3^2 + 2^2 + 1^2 + 3^2 with 2 > 1 < 3 and (3+4*2+4*1)^2 + (9*3+3*2+3*1)^2 = 39^2.

a(31) = 1 since 31 = 2^2 + 1^2 + 1^2 + 5^2 with 0 < 1 = 1 < 5 and (2+4*1+4*1)^2 + (9*2+3*1+3*1)^2 = 26^2.

a(39) = 1 since 39 = 3^2 + 2^2 + 1^2 + 5^2 with 2 > 1 < 5 and (3+4*2+4*1)^2 + (9*3+3*2+3*1)^2 = 39^2.

a(47) = 1 since 47 = 5^2 + 3^2 + 2^2 + 3^2 with 3 > 2 < 3 and (5+4*3+4*2)^2 + (9*5+3*3+3*2)^2 = 65^2.

a(55) = 1 since 55 = 2^2 + 1^2 + 1^2 + 7^2 with 0 < 1 = 1 < 7 and (2+4*1+4*1)^2 + (9*2+3*1+3*1)^2 = 26^2.

a(71) = 1 since 71 = 6^2 + 5^2 + 1^2 + 3^2 with 5 > 1 < 3 and (6+4*5+4*1)^2 + (9*6+3*5+3*1)^2 = 78^2.

a(79) = 1 since 79 = 6^2 + 3^2 + 3^2 + 5^2 with 0 < 3 = 3 < 5 and (6+4*3+4*3)^2 + (9*6+3*3+3*3)^2 = 78^2.

a(119) = 1 since 119 = 5^2 + 3^2 + 2^2 + 9^2 with 3 > 2 < 9 and (5+4*3+4*2)^2 + (9*5+3*3+3*2)^2 = 65^2.

a(151) = 1 since 151 = 9^2 + 6^2 + 3^2 + 5^2 with 6 > 3 < 5 and (9+4*6+4*3)^2 + (9*9+3*6+3*3)^2 = 117^2.

a(191) = 1 since 191 = 10^2 + 9^2 + 1^2 + 3^2 with 9 > 1 < 3 and (10+4*9+4*1)^2 + (9*10+3*9+3*1)^2 = 130^2.

a(311) = 1 since 311 = 7^2 + 6^2 + 1^2 + 15^2 with 6 > 1 < 15 and (7+4*6+4*1)^2 + (9*7+3*6+3*1)^2 = 91^2.

a(671) = 1 since 671 = 17^2 + 11^2 + 6^2 + 15^2 with 11 > 6 < 15 and (17+4*11+4*6)^2 + (9*17+3*11+3*6)^2 = 221^2.

MATHEMATICA

SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]]

Do[r=0; Do[If[SQ[n-x^2-y^2-z^2]&&SQ[(x+4y+4z)^2+(9x+3y+3z)^2], r=r+1], {x, 0, Sqrt[n]}, {z, 0, Sqrt[(n-x^2)/3]}, {y, Max[1, z], Sqrt[n-x^2-2z^2]}]; Print[n, " ", r]; Continue, {n, 1, 80}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000118, A000290, A260625, A261876, A262357, A267121, A268197, A268507, A269400, A270073, A271510, A271513, A271518, A271608, A271665, A271714, A271721, A271724, A271775, A271778, A271824, A272084, A272332, A272351, A272620, A272888, A272977, A273021, A273107, A273108, A273134.

Sequence in context: A293375 A232174 A077766 * A284155 A002345 A321325

Adjacent sequences:  A273107 A273108 A273109 * A273111 A273112 A273113

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, May 15 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 16 21:59 EST 2019. Contains 320200 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)