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A352652 a(n) = ( binomial(7*n,2*n)*binomial(7*n/2,2*n)*binomial(2*n,n)^2 ) / binomial(7*n/2,n)^2. 5
1, 30, 2860, 343200, 45643500, 6435891280, 942422020540, 141696569678400, 21724714133822700, 3381208130986900500, 532553441617598475360, 84695057996350934903680, 13578009523892192555221500, 2191530567314796197691108600, 355765014009052303028935320000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,2
COMMENTS
We write x! as shorthand for Gamma(x+1) and binomial(x,y) as shorthand for x!/(y!*(x-y)!) = Gamma(x+1)/(Gamma(y+1)*Gamma(x-y+1)).
Given two sequences of numbers c = (c_1, c_2, ..., c_K) and d = (d_1, d_2, ..., d_L) where c_1 + ... + c_K = d_1 + ... + d_L we can define the factorial ratio sequence u_n(c, d) = (c_1*n)!*(c_2*n)!* ... *(c_K*n)!/ ( (d_1*n)!*(d_2*n)!* ... *(d_L*n)! ) and ask whether it is integral for all n >= 0. The integer L - K is called the height of the sequence. Bober completed the classification of integral factorial ratio sequences of height 1. Soundararajan gives many examples of two-parameter families of integral factorial ratio sequences of height 2. Usually, it is assumed that the c's and d's are integers but here we allow for some of the c's and d's to be rational numbers. See A276098 and the cross references for further examples of factorial ratios of this type.
Conjecture: the supercongruences a(n*p^k) == a(n*p^(k-1)) (mod p^(3*k)) hold for all primes p >= 5 and positive integers n and k. The case n = k = 1 is easily proved.
LINKS
J. W. Bober, Factorial ratios, hypergeometric series, and a family of step functions, 2007, arXiv:0709.1977v1 [math.NT], 2007; J. London Math. Soc., 79, Issue 2, (2009), 422-444.
K. Soundararajan, Integral factorial ratios: irreducible examples with height larger than 1, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A378: 2018044, 2019.
FORMULA
a(n) = (5/3)*Sum_{k = 0..n} (-1)^(n+k)*binomial(7*n,n-k)*binomial(5*n+k-1,k)^2 for n >= 1 (this formula shows 3*a(n) is integral; how to show a(n) is integral?).
a(n) = (5/3)*Sum_{k = 0..n} binomial(4*n-k-2,n-k)*binomial(5*n-1,k)^2 for n >= 1.
a(n) = (7*n)!*(5*n/2)!^2/((5*n)!*(7*n/2)!*(3*n/2)!*n!^2!).
a(n) = (5/3) * [x^n] ( (1 - x)^(2*n) * P(5*n-1,(1 + x)/(1 - x)) for n >= 1, where P(n,x) denotes the n-th Legendre polynomial.
a(n) = (5/3)*(-1)^n*binomial(7*n,n)*hypergeom([-n, 5*n, 5*n], [1, 6*n+1], 1) for n >= 1.
a(n) ~ sqrt(15)/Pi * 7^(7*n/2)/3^(3*n/2) * ( 1/(6*n) - 29/(945*n^2) + 841/(297675*n^3) + O(1/n^4) ).
a(n) = 7*(5*n-2)*(5*n-4)*(5*n-6)*(5*n-8)*(7*n-1)*(7*n-3)*(7*n-5)*(7*n-9)*(7*n-11)*(7*n-13)/(3*n^2*(n-1)^2*(3*n-2)*(3*n-4)*(5*n-1)*(5*n- 3)*(5*n -7)*(5*n-9)) * a(n-2) with a(0) = 1 and a(1) = 30.
a(n)*A275654(n) = (7*n)!/(n!^4*(3*n)!) = A071549(n)/A006480(n).
a(p) == 30 (mod p^3) for all primes p >= 5.
EXAMPLE
Examples of supercongruences:
a(11) - a(1) = 84695057996350934903680 - 30 = 2*(5^2)*(11^3)*23*593* 3671*5693*4464799 == 0 (mod 11^3)
a(2*7) - a(2) = 355765014009052303028935320000 - 2860 = (2^2)*5*(7^3)*11* 269*3307*375101*14129010228023 == 0 (mod 7^3)
MAPLE
a := n -> if n = 0 then 1 elif n = 1 then 30 else
7*(5*n-2)*(5*n-4)*(5*n-6)*(5*n-8)*(7*n-1)*(7*n-3)*(7*n-5)*(7*n-9)*(7*n-11)*(7*n-13)/(3*n^2*(n-1)^2*(3*n-2)*(3*n-4)*(5*n-1)*(5*n- 3)*(5*n -7)*(5*n-9)) *a(n-2) end if:
seq(a(n), n = 0..20);
PROG
(Python)
from math import factorial
from sympy import factorial2
def A352652(n): return int(factorial(7*n)*factorial2(5*n)**2//factorial(5*n)//factorial2(7*n)//factorial2(3*n)//factorial(n)**2) # Chai Wah Wu, Aug 08 2023
CROSSREFS
Sequence in context: A266041 A091544 A230728 * A108091 A036363 A230591
KEYWORD
nonn,easy
AUTHOR
Peter Bala, Apr 03 2022
STATUS
approved

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Last modified February 23 07:27 EST 2024. Contains 370269 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)