

A344695


a(n) = gcd(sigma(n), psi(n)), where sigma is the sum of divisors function, A000203, and psi is the Dedekind psi function, A001615.


19



1, 3, 4, 1, 6, 12, 8, 3, 1, 18, 12, 4, 14, 24, 24, 1, 18, 3, 20, 6, 32, 36, 24, 12, 1, 42, 4, 8, 30, 72, 32, 3, 48, 54, 48, 1, 38, 60, 56, 18, 42, 96, 44, 12, 6, 72, 48, 4, 1, 3, 72, 14, 54, 12, 72, 24, 80, 90, 60, 24, 62, 96, 8, 1, 84, 144, 68, 18, 96, 144, 72, 3, 74, 114, 4, 20, 96, 168, 80, 6, 1, 126, 84, 32, 108
(list;
graph;
refs;
listen;
history;
text;
internal format)



OFFSET

1,2


COMMENTS

This is not multiplicative. The first point where a(m*n) = a(m)*a(n) does not hold for coprime m and n is 108 = 4*27, where a(108) = 8, although a(4) = 1 and a(27) = 4. See A344702.
A more specific property holds: for prime p that does not divide n, a(p*n) = a(p) * a(n). In particular, on squarefree numbers (A005117) this sequence coincides with sigma and psi, which are multiplicative.
If prime p divides the squarefree part of n then p+1 divides a(n). (For example, 20 has square part 4 and squarefree part 5, so 5+1 divides a(20) = 6.) So a(n) = 1 only if n is square. The first square n with a(n) > 1 is a(196) = 21. See A344703.
Conjecture: the set of primes that appear in the sequence is A065091 (the odd primes). 5 does not appear as a term until a(366025) = 5, where 366025 = 5^2 * 11^4. At this point, the missing numbers less than 22 are 2, 10 and 17. 17 appears at the latest by a(17^2 * 103^16) = 17.


LINKS



FORMULA

For prime p, a(p^e) = (p+1)^(e mod 2).
For prime p with gcd(p, n) = 1, a(p*n) = a(p) * a(n).


MATHEMATICA

Table[GCD[DivisorSigma[1, n], DivisorSum[n, MoebiusMu[n/#]^2*#&]], {n, 100}] (* Giorgos Kalogeropoulos, Jun 03 2021 *)


PROG

(PARI)
A001615(n) = if(1==n, n, my(f=factor(n)); prod(i=1, #f~, f[i, 1]^f[i, 2] + f[i, 1]^(f[i, 2]1))); \\ After code in A001615
(Python 3.8+)
from math import prod, gcd
from sympy import primefactors, divisor_sigma
plist = primefactors(n)
return n*prod(p+1 for p in plist)//prod(plist)


CROSSREFS



KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR



STATUS

approved



