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 A342358 Balanced numbers (A020492) that are also arithmetic numbers (A003601) and harmonic numbers (A001599). 0
 1, 6, 140, 270, 2970, 332640, 14303520, 5297292000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS Equivalently, numbers m such that sigma(m)/phi(m), sigma(m)/tau(m) and m*tau(m)/sigma(m) are all integers where phi = A000010, tau = A000005 and sigma = A000203. Conjecture: 1 would be the only odd term of this sequence, because Oystein Ore conjectured that 1 is the only odd harmonic number (see link), and 1 is an arithmetic and balanced number (A342103). Proposition: there are no primes in the sequence. Proof: the only prime that is both arithmetic and balanced is 3 (A342103), but 3 is not an harmonic number. As Hans-Joachim Kanold (1957) proved that the asymptotic density of the harmonic numbers is 0 (see link), the asymptotic density of this sequence is also 0. a(9) > 6.5*10^14 (verified using list of balanced numbers from Jud McCranie). All the numbers in this range that are both balanced and harmonic numbers are also arithmetic numbers. - Amiram Eldar, Mar 09 2021 LINKS Hans-Joachim Kanold, Über das harmonische Mittel der Teiler einer natürlichen Zahl, Math. Ann., Vol. 133 (1957), pp. 371-374. Oystein Ore, On the averages of the divisors of a number, Amer. Math. Monthly, Vol. 55, No. 10 (1948), pp. 615-619. Oystein Ore, On the averages of the divisors of a number (annotated scanned copy). EXAMPLE For 6: tau(6) = 4, phi(6) = 2, sigma(6) = 12, 6*tau(6)/sigma(6) = 6*4/12 = 2, sigma(6)/tau(6) = 3 and sigma(6)/phi(6) = 2, hence 6 is a term. MAPLE with(numtheory): filter:= q -> (sigma(q) mod phi(q) = 0) and (sigma(q) mod tau(q) = 0 and (q*tau(q) mod sigma(q) = 0) : select(filter, [\$1..300000]); MATHEMATICA Select[Range[350000], And @@ Divisible[(s = DivisorSigma[1, #]), {(d = DivisorSigma[0, #]), EulerPhi[#]}] && Divisible[#*d, s] &] (* Amiram Eldar, Mar 09 2021 *) PROG (PARI) isok(m) = my(s=sigma(m), t=numdiv(m)); !(s % eulerphi(m)) && !(s % t) && !((m*t) % s); \\ Michel Marcus, Mar 09 2021 CROSSREFS Intersection of A001599, A003601 and A020492. Intersection of A001599 and A342103. Intersection of A007340 and A020492. Cf. A000005, A000010, A000203. Sequence in context: A090944 A007340 A335318 * A122483 A335369 A335388 Adjacent sequences: A342355 A342356 A342357 * A342359 A342360 A342361 KEYWORD nonn,more AUTHOR Bernard Schott, Mar 09 2021 EXTENSIONS a(6)-a(8) from Amiram Eldar, Mar 09 2021 STATUS approved

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Last modified March 26 14:32 EDT 2023. Contains 361549 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)