OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

The appearance of a number is determined by its prime signature.

Every squarefree number is present, as the square root of the square part of a squarefree number is 1. Other 4th-power-free numbers are present if and only if they are nonsquare.

If the square part of nonsquarefree k is a 4th power, k does not appear.

Every positive integer k is the product of a unique subset S_k of the terms of A050376, which are arranged in array form in A329050 (primes in column 0, squares of primes in column 1, 4th powers of primes in column 2 and so on). k > 1 is in this sequence if and only if the members of S_k occur in consecutive columns of A329050, starting with column 0.

If the qualifying condition in the previous paragraph was based on the rows instead of the columns of A329050, we would get A055932. The self-inverse function defined by A225546 transposes A329050. A225546 also has multiplicative properties such that if we consider A055932 and this sequence as sets, A225546(.) maps the members of either set 1:1 onto the other set.

LINKS

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Square part

FORMULA

EXAMPLE

4 is square and not 1, so 4 is not in the sequence.

12 = 3 * 2^2 is nonsquare, and has square part 4, whose square root (2) is in the sequence. So 12 is in the sequence.

32 = 2 * 4^2 is nonsquare, but has square part 16, whose square root (4) is not in the sequence. So 32 is not in the sequence.

MATHEMATICA

pow2Q[n_] := n == 2^IntegerExponent[n, 2]; Select[Range[100], # == 1 || pow2Q[1 + BitOr @@ (FactorInteger[#][[;; , 2]])] &] (* Amiram Eldar, Sep 18 2020 *)

CROSSREFS

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Peter Munn, Aug 31 2020

STATUS

approved