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A317028 Triangle read by rows: T(0,0) = 1; T(n,k) = 8 * T(n-1,k) + T(n-2,k-1) for k = 0..floor(n/2); T(n,k)=0 for n or k < 0. 2
1, 8, 64, 1, 512, 16, 4096, 192, 1, 32768, 2048, 24, 262144, 20480, 384, 1, 2097152, 196608, 5120, 32, 16777216, 1835008, 61440, 640, 1, 134217728, 16777216, 688128, 10240, 40, 1073741824, 150994944, 7340032, 143360, 960, 1, 8589934592, 1342177280, 75497472, 1835008, 17920, 48 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

The numbers in rows of the triangle are along skew diagonals pointing top-left in center-justified triangle given in A013615 ((1+8*x)^n) and along skew diagonals pointing top-right in center-justified triangle given in A038279 ((8+x)^n).

The coefficients in the expansion of 1/(1-8x-x^2) are given by the sequence generated by the row sums.

The row sums are Denominators of continued fraction convergents to sqrt(17), see A041025.

If s(n) is the row sum at n, then the ratio s(n)/s(n-1) is approximately 8.12310562561766054982... (a metallic mean), when n approaches infinity (see A176458: (4+sqrt(17))).

REFERENCES

Shara Lalo and Zagros Lalo, Polynomial Expansion Theorems and Number Triangles, Zana Publishing, 2018, ISBN: 978-1-9995914-0-3, Pages 70, 98

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..41.

Zagros Lalo, Left-justified triangle

Zagros Lalo, Skew diagonals in center-justified triangle of coefficients in expansion of (1 + 8x)^n

Zagros Lalo, Skew diagonals in center-justified triangle of coefficients in expansion of (8 + x)^n

EXAMPLE

Triangle begins:

1;

8;

64, 1;

512, 16;

4096, 192, 1;

32768, 2048, 24;

262144, 20480, 384, 1;

2097152, 196608, 5120, 32;

16777216, 1835008, 61440, 640, 1;

134217728, 16777216, 688128, 10240, 40;

1073741824, 150994944, 7340032, 143360, 960, 1;

8589934592, 1342177280, 75497472, 1835008, 17920, 48;

68719476736, 11811160064, 754974720, 22020096, 286720, 1344, 1;

549755813888, 103079215104, 7381975040, 251658240, 4128768, 28672, 56;

4398046511104, 893353197568, 70866960384, 2768240640, 55050240, 516096, 1792, 1;

MATHEMATICA

t[0, 0] = 1; t[n_, k_] := If[n < 0 || k < 0, 0, 8 t[n - 1, k] + t[n - 2, k - 1]]; Table[t[n, k], {n, 0, 11}, {k, 0, Floor[n/2]}] // Flatten

PROG

(PARI) T(n, k) = if ((n<0) || (k<0), 0, if ((n==0) && (k==0), 1, 8*T(n-1, k)+T(n-2, k-1)));

tabf(nn) = for (n=0, nn, for (k=0, n\2, print1(T(n, k), ", ")); print); \\ Michel Marcus, Jul 20 2018

CROSSREFS

Row sums give A041025.

Cf. A013615, A038279, A176458.

Cf. A001018 (column 0), A053539 (column 1), A081138 (column 2), A140802 (column 3), A172510 (column 4).

Sequence in context: A084096 A189943 A137664 * A014392 A008462 A043078

Adjacent sequences:  A317025 A317026 A317027 * A317029 A317030 A317031

KEYWORD

tabf,nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Zagros Lalo, Jul 19 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 15 18:26 EDT 2021. Contains 343920 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)