

A300139


Number of ways to write n as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with 4*x  3*y a square, where x,y,z,w are nonnegative integers with z <= w such that 10*x or y is a square.


1



1, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 4, 3, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 5, 3, 4, 2, 1, 1, 1, 4, 6, 5, 2, 3, 3, 1, 3, 4, 5, 4, 5, 3, 3, 2, 2, 6, 6, 2, 1, 4, 2, 2, 2, 2, 9, 6, 6, 3, 4, 3, 1, 4, 3, 4, 4, 4, 3, 3, 2, 6, 9, 4, 5, 4, 4, 1, 2, 4, 7, 9, 2, 3, 3, 1, 2
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OFFSET

0,2


COMMENTS

Conjecture 1: a(n) > 0 for all n >= 0, and a(n) = 1 only for n = 16^k*m with k = 0,1,2,... and m = 0, 7, 8, 13, 22, 23, 24, 31, 44, 56, 71, 79, 88, 109, 120, 152, 184, 472, 1912, 6008, 9080.
Conjecture 2: Each n = 0,1,2,... can be written as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with 3*x  y twice a square, where x,y,z,w are nonnegative integers such that 5*x or y is a square.
By the author's 2017 JNT paper, any nonnegative integer can be written as the sum of a fourth power and three squares.
See also A281976, A300666, A300667, A300708 and A300712 for similar conjectures.


LINKS

ZhiWei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000
ZhiWei Sun, Refining Lagrange's foursquare theorem, J. Number Theory 175(2017), 167190.
ZhiWei Sun, Restricted sums of four squares, arXiv:1701.05868 [math.NT], 20172018.


EXAMPLE

a(22) = 1 since 22 = 1^2 + 1^2 + 2^2 + 4^2 with 1 = 1^2 and 4*1  3*1 = 1^2.
a(23) = 1 since 23 = 3^2 + 1^2 + 2^2 + 3^2 with 1 = 1^2 and 4*3  3*1 = 3^2.
a(109) = 1 since 109 = 0^2 + 0^2 + 3^2 + 10^2 with 0 = 0^2 and 4*0  3*0 = 0^2.
a(184) = 1 since 184 = 10^2 + 8^2 + 2^2 + 4^2 with 10*10 = 10^2 and 4*10  3*8 = 4^2.
a(6008) = 1 since 6008 = 12^2 + 16^2 + 42^2 + 62^2 with 16 = 4^2 and 4*12  3*16 = 0^2.
a(9080) = 1 since 9080 = 10^2 + 12^2 + 0^2 + 94^2 with 10*10 = 10^2 and 4*10  3*12 = 2^2.


MATHEMATICA

SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]];
tab={}; Do[r=0; Do[If[Mod[m^2+3y, 4]==0&&(SQ[10(m^2+3y)/4]SQ[y]), Do[If[SQ[n((m^2+3y)/4)^2y^2z^2], r=r+1], {z, 0, Sqrt[Max[0, (n((m^2+3y)/4)^2y^2)/2]]}]], {m, 0, 2n^(1/4)}, {y, 0, 4/5*Sqrt[nm^4/16]}]; tab=Append[tab, r], {n, 0, 80}]; Print[tab]


CROSSREFS

Cf. A000118, A000290, A271518, A281976, A282542, A300666, A300667, A300219, A300708, A300712, A300751, A300752.
Sequence in context: A128830 A090387 A030329 * A300666 A120881 A297930
Adjacent sequences: A300136 A300137 A300138 * A300140 A300141 A300142


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

ZhiWei Sun, Mar 12 2018


STATUS

approved



